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82 Possible Causes for Central Focal Spikes, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Temporal Bilaterally, Small Hippocampi

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    Simple Partial Seizures Simple partial seizures only affect a small part of the brain, usually the temporal lobes or hippocampi, and are usually brief in duration, lasting[efmny.org]

  • Epilepsy

    In infancy, the EEG background was normal (1), showed diffuse (3) or focal slowing that was temporal (1) and in the left hemisphere (1), and showed focal (central, temporal[brain.oxfordjournals.org] ) discharges or generalized spike wave and polyspike wave activity.[brain.oxfordjournals.org] After infancy, the EEG background was normal (5), showed diffuse slowing (10) or focal slowing that was bilateral fronto-temporal (2) and left temporal (1).[brain.oxfordjournals.org]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    , multifocal, or bilateral distribution and time locked to sharp-wave or spike-wave discharges on the contralateral central areas. 34, 35 ENM has a wide etiological spectrum[clinicalgate.com] The cortical site of origin of the spike discharges and the site of origin of the associated focal myoclonic seizures do not necessarily coincide. 22 Pathophysiology The term[neupsykey.com] […] disease, 29, 30 Down syndrome, and mitochondrial disorders. 31, 32, 33 Epileptic negative myoclonus (ENM) is characterized by brief (50 to 400 msec) muscle inhibitions with focal[clinicalgate.com]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    History Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings. Video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring of typical seizures is the criterion standard, but in the great majority of patients, a working diagnosis of probable JME is made on the basis of the clinical history, often with[…][emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • West Syndrome

    J Child Neurol. 2015 Oct;30(11):1440-7. doi: 10.1177/0883073815569304. Epub 2015 Feb 23. Author information 1 Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India sheffaligulati@gmail.com. 2 Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Epilepsia. 2012 Dec;53(12):2079-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2012.03723.x. Epub 2012 Oct 25. Author information 1 Department of Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Victoria Parade, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia. udaya.seneviratne@svhm.org.au Abstract Prognosis describes the trajectory and long-term[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Encephalopathy

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures. Neuroimaging demonstrates usually reversible bilateral subcortical vasogenic occipital-parietal edema. Exact pathophysiology remains unclear but is commonly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    We describe a 68-year-old woman who had typical absence seizures since 14 years of age. The absences were refractory to treatment and persisted into adulthood, with no seizure-free periods until seizure control at 59 years of age. After six years of being seizure-free, she presented with an episode[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uremic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder in patients with renal failure. The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging findings of uremic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed MR imaging findings in 10 patients with clinically proved uremic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Hippocampi

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