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14 Possible Causes for Central Nervous System Disorder, Choreoathetoid Movements, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)

Did you mean: Central Nervous System Disorder, Choreoathetoid Movements, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted

  • Mercury Poisoning

    Delayed toxicity symptoms ( 1 month) are typical of organic mercury poisoning and usually involve the central nervous system.[floridahealth.gov] The T2-weighted MRI images of the patient's brain initially showed multiple hyperintense lesions in cerebral white matter, left globus pallidus, and putamen, which also improved[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Very dangerous, it meant that the hatters were subject to erethism, a neurological disorder which affects the whole central nervous system.[dailymail.co.uk]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    movements, dysarthria, and progressive mental deterioration.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] , Nervous System Diseases Nervous System Diseases Neurodegenerative Diseases Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System Central Nervous System Diseases Movement Disorders[hon.ch] This virtually pathognomonic radiographic abnormality, called the eye-of-the-tiger sign, comprises hyperintensities within a hypointense medial globus pallidus on T2-weighted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    Figure 7 Nonketotic hyper-glycemia in a 68-year-old woman with uncontrolled diabetes and choreoathetoid movements.[doi.org] […] lesions of the central nervous system after exhaustion of B-vitamin reserves, Wernicke's disease Wernicke's disease (disorder) Wernicke's encephalopathy Statements Identifiers[wikidata.org] […] in the globus pallidus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wilson Disease

    Patients in the choreic group (11%) - Predominantly characterized by choreoathetoid abnormal movements associated with dystonia Psychiatric features include emotional lability[emedicine.medscape.com] Spleen problems Liver failure and damage to the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord) are the most common and dangerous effects of the disorder.[medlineplus.gov] On T1W images, these lesions are normal to hypointense but hyperintense lesions especially in globus pallidus may also be seen [ 2 ].[omcr.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Kernicterus

    These central nervous system (CNS) sequelae reflect the regional topography of bilirubin-induced neuropathology, which involves the globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleus, brain-stem[blogs.nejm.org] In the appropriate clinical context, bilateral globus pallidus T2-weighted and FLAIR signal hyperintensity is supportive of a diagnosis of kernicterus in an infant.[imj.ie] 7 – 10 synonymous with kernicterus. 11 The central nervous system sequelae of kernicterus reflect both a predilection of bilirubin toxicity for neurons (relative to glial[dovepress.com]

  • Woodhouse Sakati Syndrome

    movements and dystonia.[orpha.net] The rare, genetically determined group of diseases characterized by pathological accumulation of iron in the central nervous system and progressive, typically movement disorder's[pubtransformer.com] Axial FLAIR- (A) and GRE T2-weighted (B) MRI discloses ‘ eye-of- the-tiger ’ sign, defined as a medial area of hyperintense signal within an hypointense signal in globus pallidus[scielo.br]

  • Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation

    Choreoathetoid writhing movements, stuttering, dysphagia, muscle rigidity, and intermittent dystonia are prominent features. Seizures are uncommon.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] nervous system (CNS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Even before the globus pallidus hypointensity developed, patients with mutations could be distinguished by the presence of isolated globus pallidus hyperintensity on T2-weighted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • McLeod Neuroacanthocytosis Syndrome

    ChAc consists of choreoathetoid movement disorder with orofacial dyskinesia and progressive cognitive decline. The movement problems worsen with age.[dovepress.com] McLeod neuroacanthocytosis syndrome (MLS) is a multisystem disorder with central nervous system (CNS), neuromuscular, and hematologic manifestations in males.[rareconnect.org] […] pattern of hyperintensity within the hypointense medial globus pallidus.[scienceopen.com]

  • Alopecia - Hypogonadism - Extrapyramidal Syndrome

    movements and dystonia Woodhouse-Sakati syndrome Hypogonadism, diabetes mellitus, alopecia, mental retardation, and electrocardiographic abnormalities Woodhouse Sakati syndrome[wikidata.org] […] the central nervous system disorders including insomnia, anxiety, and psychosis.[connection.ebscohost.com] The eye-of-the-tiger sign, T2-weighted hypointense signal in the globus pallidus with a central region of hyperintensity, is virtually pathognomonic for PKAN.[bloodgenetics.com]

  • Manganese Toxicity

    In sharp contrast to Parkinsonian patients, the present subjects have not shown choreoathetoid movements thus far.[nejm.org] Abstract Manganese (Mn) is both an essential nutrient and a toxicant, with specific effects on liver and kidney (acute exposure) and on central nervous system (CNS) (chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] signal hyperintensity in the basal ganglia, particularly in the globus pallidus, with normal T2-weighted images Management Supportive care Remove source of exposure Chelation[wikem.org]