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275 Possible Causes for Central Nervous System Disorder, Respiratory Alkalosis

  • Reye Syndrome

    Brain capillary endothelial cells are very rich in mitochondria and mitochondrial disorders can effect the central nervous system primarily, and not just as a consequence[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs of metabolic derangement include elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis[merckmanuals.com] An initial metabolic acidosis is associated with a compensatory respiratory alkalosis (1,3). The EEG shows diffuse arrhythmic delta activity (1).[hawaii.edu]

  • Urea Cycle Disorder

    The pathophysiologic mechanism of central nervous system injury in urea-cycle disorders is not completely understood.[ajnr.org] […] distress * Respiratory alkalosis * Increased blood ammonia level * Failure to thrive * Constant infant crying * Agitation * Hyperactive behavior * Self-injury * Screaming[checkorphan.org] An elevated ammonia level can disrupt normal brain and central nervous system function.[wellness.com]

  • Heat Stroke

    nervous system disorders.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The body compensates with acute respiratory alkalosis secondary to increased respiratory effort. This may in itself lead to heat‐induced tetany.[bja.oxfordjournals.org] Heatstroke is defined as a form of excessive hyperthermia associated with a systemic inflammatory response that results in multiple organ dysfunctions in which central nervous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperammonemia

    The clinical manifestations of these disorders are mostly the result of acute or chronic hyperammonemia, which affects the central nervous system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Respiratory alkalosis is common due to central hyperventilation. Severe hyperammonemia can also cause seizures.[renalfellow.blogspot.com] alkalosis Neurologic posturing Coma Hypoventiation with respiratory arrest Because newborns are usually discharged from the hospital within one to two days after birth, the[nucdf.org]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    Laboratory abnormalities in hepatic encephalopathy: Blood tests may show abnormal liver chemistry tests , increased blood ammonia level , respiratory alkalosis with central[enotes.tripod.com] Accumulation of toxic substances causes metabolic abnormalities that lead to damage in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).[hepatitiscentral.com] Astrocytes are the characteristic star-shaped glial cells in the central nervous system collectively known as astroglia.[symptoma.com]

  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

    Signs and symptoms include a nonproductive cough, breathing difficulty, cyanosis, central nervous system disorders, and edema of the conjunctiva, trachea, and esophagus. superior[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Arterial blood gas while the patient was breathing room air showed a respiratory alkalosis with hypocapnia ( p H 7.58, partial pressure of carbon dioxide [Pco 2 ] 28.9 mmHg[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org]

  • Rabies

    Eight years after emigrating from Brazil, an otherwise healthy man developed rabies. An exposure prior to immigration was reported. Genetic analysis revealed a canine rabies virus variant found only in the patient's home country, and the patient had not traveled internationally since immigrating to the United States.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Increased ventilation, perhaps due to CSF lactic acid accumulation, resulted in respiratory alkalosis; the concomitant lowering of Pco 2 acted as a homeostatic mechanism to[jci.org]

  • Hyperchloremia

    Central nervous system disorder of water regulation Chloride disorder Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome Dilated cardiomyopathy secondary to electrolyte deficiency Disorder[icd9data.com] alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] First, this is not true because a high pH and low PaCO 2 confirm a respiratory alkalosis.[dovepress.com]

  • Diaphragm Disorder

    nervous system disorders A tumor or infection in your central nervous system or damage to your central nervous system as a result of trauma can disrupt your body's normal[mayoclinic.org] A primary metabolic acidosis can be associated with a secondary respiratory alkalosis; significant hyperammonemia can be associated with a primary respiratory alkalosis and[mitoaction.org] – such as respiratory alkalosis – haemoglobin releases oxygen less efficiently, leading to hypoxia.[leonchaitow.com]

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