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558 Possible Causes for Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity, Centrocecal Scotoma, Optic Disc Pallor

  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    Fundoscopic examination showed hyperemic papilla on the right eye and optic disc pallor on the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Discussion Classical LHON cases are characterized by several distinct abnormalities including vascular tortuosity of the central retinal vessels, swelling of the RNFL, and[bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com] Results: The presence of centrocecal scotoma, an edematous, hyperemic optic nerve head, and vascular tortuosity, as well as telangiectasia was recognized in affected subjects[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Optic Atrophy

    CONCLUSIONS: Deeply buried ODD may be associated with NAION causing irreversible visual loss and optic disc pallor, a condition easily mistaken for atypical ON.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] scotoma, and color vision disturbances.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This disorder presents in childhood with progressive loss of visual acuity that is usually bilateral, centrocecal scotoma that is typically symmetrical, and bilateral temporal[athenadiagnostics.com]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy

    These patients typically present in the first decade of life with slightly subnormal acuity, dyschromatopsia, central visual field loss, and optic disc pallor.[practicalreviews.com] scotomas.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] This disorder presents in childhood with progressive loss of visual acuity that is usually bilateral, centrocecal scotoma that is typically symmetrical, and bilateral temporal[athenadiagnostics.com]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Optic Neuropathy

    , and (f) development of optic disc pallor, usually within 6-8 weeks.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu] Fundoscopy provides other diagnostic clues and in classical cases the following abnormalities can be observed: vascular tortuosity of the central retinal vessels, a circumpapillary[jmg.bmj.com] A temporal defect and a small fenestration of centrocecal scotoma were evident in the right eye and a large fenestration of centrocecal scotoma and nasal defect were noted[iovs.arvojournals.org]

  • Hereditary Optic Atrophy

    There was bilateral optic disc pallor in fundoscopy and his visual accurate was diminished to counting fingers from one meter.[omicsonline.org] Fundoscopy provides other diagnostic clues and in classical cases the following abnormalities can be observed: vascular tortuosity of the central retinal vessels, a circumpapillary[jmg.bmj.com] A temporal defect and a small fenestration of centrocecal scotoma were evident in the right eye and a large fenestration of centrocecal scotoma and nasal defect were noted[iovs.arvojournals.org]

  • Toxic Retinopathy

    disc pallor .[ejournalofophthalmology.com] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com] Visual field testing usually shows central or centrocecal scotomas and, less commonly, peripheral restriction.[medtextfree.wordpress.com]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[slideshare.net] scotomas in the perimetry and pseudoedema of the optic disc, followed by optic atrophy.[link.springer.com] Examination of these patients shows loss of visual acuity, temporal pallor of the optic discs, centrocecal scotomas with peripheral sparing, and subtle impairments in color[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Toxic Amblyopia

    Ophthalmoscopic changes are restricted at first to slight redness of the temporal margins of the optic discs; minimal pallor is observed at a later stage.[notesread.com] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com] pallor.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy and Cataract

    Optic disc appearance of OPA1 -positive two patients showing bilateral prominent temporal wedge of pallor ( upper ) and total disc pallor ( lower ). ( C ) Optic disc appearance[iovs.arvojournals.org] scotoma of variable density.[mybiosource.com] Individuals then proceed into the atrophic phase and are usually legally blind for the rest of their lives with a permanent large centrocecal scotoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , centrocecal scotoma • Tilted disc syndrome: bitemporal hemianopia which does not respect the vertical midline 47. • Papilledema: disc capillary dilatation, dye leakage and[slideshare.net] An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS])[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity

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