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689 Possible Causes for Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity, Optic Disc Pallor, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    Fundoscopic examination showed hyperemic papilla on the right eye and optic disc pallor on the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Discussion Classical LHON cases are characterized by several distinct abnormalities including vascular tortuosity of the central retinal vessels, swelling of the RNFL, and[bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com] After subsequent development of bilateral optic disc pallor, we concluded that the patient had LHON. mtDNA analysis was conducted using non-radioisotopic single-strand conformational[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    With this information, it is possible to correlate the degree of slimming within these layers to abnormalities in the visual fields.[frontiersin.org] , and (f) development of optic disc pallor, usually within 6-8 weeks.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu] Fundoscopy provides other diagnostic clues and in classical cases the following abnormalities can be observed: vascular tortuosity of the central retinal vessels, a circumpapillary[jmg.bmj.com]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS])[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The right optic nerve head showed less disc edema but the optic disc pallor became evident at this time [Figure 2] a.[mjdrdypu.org]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Learning assessment Facilitate case discussion to achieve learning objectives Clinical skills can be tested via practicum of visual field, OCT and fundus photography Knowledge[journal.opted.org] Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[slideshare.net] With this information, it is possible to correlate the degree of slimming within these layers to abnormalities in the visual fields.[frontiersin.org]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    This can be tested easily at bedside. Visual fields The hallmark abnormality associated with chiasmal compression is a bitemporal superior quadrantanopsia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Figure 1: Humphrey automated static perimetry shows complete bitemporal hemianopia Click here to view Figure 2: (a) Fundus photography showing optic disc pallor in the left[ijo.in] As mentioned prior, visual field testing may reveal superior bitemporal visual field defects that do not respect the vertical meridian.[eyewiki.aao.org]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Papilledema

    Visual fields can be tested more formally by an ophthalmologist using vision grids.[drugs.com] Atropic Papilledema  Onset of optic disc pallor (secondary optic atrophy) .  Decrease in disc haemorrhage.  Narrowing of blood vessels and their ensheating.  Optic disc[slideshare.net] disc elevation and blurred margins, but no hemorrhages or cotton wool spots In atrophic phase (optic nerve axons have died), optic disc shows mixture of pallor and swelling[kellogg.umich.edu]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Glaucoma

    (The visual field is the area of space a person can see at a given instant without moving the eyes.) These abnormalities may be an early sign of disease.[nei.nih.gov] disc pallor in humans. 1 - 5 Current pathophysiologic concepts of early glaucoma are based primarily on experimentally induced elevations of ocular pressure in laboratory[doi.org] Ophthalmological examination revealed 0.15 Snellen visual acuity, and fundoscopy revealed nearly total cupping and pallor of the optic disc and multiple retinal hemorrhagic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Retinal Perforation

    field testing (i.e., the confrontation visual field examination) abnormality Defect in visual pathway Sudden vision loss Central retinal artery occlusion; retinal detachment[aafp.org] Another study reported on patients with visual field defects after receiving air-fluid exchange and observed optic disc pallor and afferent pupillary defects, further suggesting[reviewofophthalmology.com] ., afferent nerve) dysfunction on one side Orbit and cheek deformity; tenderness over the supraorbital ridge or frontal bone Step-off fracture of orbit Pupillary reflex visual[aafp.org]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Open-Angle Glaucoma

    Your doctor also may use a variety of non-invasive laser technologies to examine the optic nerve in your eye and perform a visual field test to detect abnormalities in your[nweyes.com] […] of glaucoma Changes in the optic nerve in glaucoma are classically considered to be cupping and pallor of the disc.[eyewiki.aao.org] Standard increment threshold fields and high-pass resolution visual fields had an agreement of abnormality of 67%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity
  • Retinal Arterial Branch Occlusion

    (b) Standard automated perimetry using 30-2 visual field threshold testing showing a corresponding field defect in the superonasal quadrant Click here to view A detailed review[ojoonline.org] Early Findings Occuring Within Seven Days of CRAO Ocular Findings Occurrence (%) Retinal opacity at posterior pole 90 Cherry red-spot 90 Optic disc pallor 39 Retinal arterial[retinalphysician.com] Intraocular pressure Reflexes of the pupil Photos of the retina Slit-lamp examination Testing of side vision (visual fields) Visual acuity test (eye chart) Eye stroke treatment[belmarrahealth.com]

    Missing: Central Retinal Vessel Vascular Tortuosity

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