632 Possible Causes for Central Scotoma

  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    However, many patients will continue to expand the size of their central scotoma which, over a period of years, produces a more profound level of blindness.[orpha.net] Swelling of the optic nerve head, vascular tortuosity, peripapillary telangiectasia, microangiopathy and central scotomas on visual field testing are all signs of LHON.[orpha.net] Clinical description Sudden, painless, acute or subacute central vision loss is often noted between the ages of 18 to 30.[orpha.net]

  • Neuromyelitis Optica

    Later, unilateral or bilateral ocular pain, acuity and color disturbances, phosphenes, as well as central scotomas start affect the patient secondary to the optic neuropathy[eyewiki.aao.org] Visual field testing typically reveals a central scotoma.[one.wikia.com] Central nerve cavitation can be formed as a result of demyelinization and necrosis in more severe cases [6] .[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    Ken·ne·dy syn·drome ( ken'ĕ-dē ), ipsilateral optic atrophy with central scotoma and contralateral choked disc or papilledema, caused by a meningioma of the ipsilateral optic[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The patient may present with anosmia and frontal lobe signs alongside the visual symptoms (central scotoma).[score99.blogspot.com] Scotoma in same eye and frontal lobe signs like emotional lability or personality change. 3 Reply[dailyrounds.org]

  • Toxic Amblyopia

    On examination, the patient has bilaterally symmetrical central, centrocecal, or paracentral scotoma.[notesread.com] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com] If the dot fails to return, a central scotoma is probably present in the weaker eye.[eyesite.co.za]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    The affected eye will often show an altitudinal visual field defect, but arcuate and cecocentral scotoma’s have also been reported.[reviewofoptometry.com] Fluorescein angiography typically shows delayed choroidal and central retinal artery filling, with possible choroidal nonperfusion, especially in the peripapillary area.[reviewofoptometry.com] Other signs that may be associated with AAION include cotton wool spots, central retinal artery occlusion, branch retinal artery occlusion and cranial nerve involvement (especially[reviewofoptometry.com]

  • Macular Degeneration

    If the are to be treated involves the central macula, a large grey spot will result in the central vision. This “scotoma” is permanent.[retinaeyedoctor.com] There is loss of color sense and the development of scotomas (small areas of blindness).[healingtheeye.com] […] vision blind spot (central scotoma) - the middle of the person's visual field is a total blind spot.[medicalnewstoday.com]

  • Papilledema

    .  Central vision affected late.  Horizontal Diplopia.  Visual Acuity 8.[slideshare.net] Visual fields enlargement of blind spot and later gradual peripheral constriction central or centro-caecal scotoma. 9.[thamburaj.com] scotoma should raise a red flag that this is not papilledema.[e-tjo.org]

  • Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy

    Humphrey visual field test shows cecocentral scotoma in right eye and central scotoma in left eye.[eyewiki.org] , paracentral or coecocentral scotomas and tritanopia.[link.springer.com] As the primary pathology is the papillomacular bundle, central, centrocecal and paracentral scotomas are the most common visual field defects.[eyewiki.org]

  • Behr Syndrome

    […] edit ] Onset : Early childhood Progression : Chronic progressive Clinical : Cerebellar ataxia plus syndrome / Optic Atrophy Plus Syndrome Ocular : Optic atrophy, nystagmus, scotoma[en.wikipedia.org] Central scotomas and dyschromatopsia may be present.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] scotoma.[databases.lovd.nl]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    A rise in central venous pressure due to obesity has also been implicated in pathogenesis, although the significance of the finding remains unclear.[emedmd.com] Central scotomas, inferior nasal defects, and peripheral constriction are the next most common field defects. 28 It is still unclear which factors predispose to permanent[adc.bmj.com] Persistent blurring of vision may also occur and patients may describe scotomas in the field of vision associated with optic nerve damage.[emedmd.com]

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