10,375 Possible Causes for Central Scotoma

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Visual obscurations, persistent blurring, or scotomas are reported by 30 to 70% of patients.[emedmd.com] In addition, the monocular visual disturbances, called scotoma, and any loss of vision experienced must last less than an hour and be reversible and confirmed by a doctor’[livestrong.com] Transient reduction of vision ('greying out') on bending or stooping, halo or a short episode of visual Catherine wheel flashes, persistent blurring, scotoma or horizontal[patient.info]

    Missing: central
  • Digitalis Toxicity

    […] delirium, confusion, disorientation) Visual changes are varied and may include chromatopsia (alterations in color vision), diplopia, photophobia, decreased visual acuity, scotomas[ucsfmed.wordpress.com] Digitalis has parasympathetic properties, which include hypersensitization of carotid sinus baroreceptors and stimulation of central vagal nuclei.[emedicine.medscape.com] ., foxglove, oleander) Can be acute or chronic System(s) affected: cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, ocular, central nervous system Epidemiology Incidence 1.1% of outpatients[unboundmedicine.com]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    The affected eye will often show an altitudinal visual field defect, but arcuate and cecocentral scotoma’s have also been reported.[reviewofoptometry.com] […] aching legs while walking which improves with resting Dry cough Double vision Other complications Limb claudication Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or stroke Scintillating scotoma[lecturio.com] […] ischemic complications in elderly patients and timely diagnosis can prevent important morbidity, most notably blindness from either anterior ischemic optic neuropathy or central[medlink.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Overview Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).[mayoclinic.org] "Microbial view of central nervous system autoimmunity".[en.wikipedia.org] Symptoms of MS As virtually any region of the central nervous system may be affected by MS, the symptoms of MS are quite varied.[pennmedicine.org]

    Missing: scotoma
  • Glaucoma

    The loss of central visual acuity occurs later in the disease.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] It occurs when the macular (or central) retina develops degenerative lesions.[who.int] […] closed-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma . [1] Open-angle glaucoma develops slowly over time and there is no pain. [1] Side vision may begin to decrease followed by central[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: scotoma
  • Occlusion of the Ophthalmic Artery

    […] ret art occln , Central ret artery occlusion , CRAO , central retinal artery occlusion (physical finding) , central retinal artery occlusion , occlusion of central retinal[fpnotebook.com] , Thrombosis, Vision Disorders, Vision loss, central retinal artery occlusion, loss of vision, retinal artery occlusion[ebm-guidelines.com] Occlusion can affect a branch of the retinal artery as well as the central retinal artery.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: scotoma
  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    scotoma (loss of vision in the middle of the visual fields) in the ipsilateral eye anosmia (loss of smell) ipsilaterally This syndrome is due to optic nerve compression,[en.wikipedia.org] Ken·ne·dy syn·drome ( ken'ĕ-dē ), ipsilateral optic atrophy with central scotoma and contralateral choked disc or papilledema, caused by a meningioma of the ipsilateral optic[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The patient may present with anosmia and frontal lobe signs alongside the visual symptoms (central scotoma).[score99.blogspot.com]

  • Toxic Retinopathy

    10 degree of fixation FFA – changes seen only after the development of positive scotomas, pigment changes & loss of visual acuity.[ejournalofophthalmology.com] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com] […] to a red target or amsler’s grid reversible Early maculopathy – modest reduction VA (6/9-6/12) central foveal pigmentation surrounded by concentric depigmented zone of RPE[ejournalofophthalmology.com]

  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    Visual field testing typically shows a worsening central or cecocentral scotoma.[eyewiki.aao.org] However, many patients will continue to expand the size of their central scotoma which, over a period of years, produces a more profound level of blindness.[orpha.net] However, central or cecocentral scotomata may be described and more plainly delineated with formal visual field testing (Humphrey, Goldmann).[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Toxic Amblyopia

    Some poisons induce a central vision blurring or scotoma, a blind spot.[innvista.com] If the dot fails to return, a central scotoma is probably present in the weaker eye.[eyesite.co.za] On examination, the patient has bilaterally symmetrical central, centrocecal, or paracentral scotoma.[notesread.com]

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