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483 Possible Causes for Central Scotoma, Scant Bone Spicule Pigment

  • Leber Congenital Amaurosis Typ 14

    David W. Stockton Richard Alan Lewis Emad B. Abboud A. Al-Rajhi Monzer Jabak Kent L. Anderson J. R. Lupski Original Investigation First Online: 17 February 2014 Abstract Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous autosomal recessive retinal dystrophy and the most common genetic[…][link.springer.com]

  • Macular Degeneration

    Head Mounted Eye Tracking Aide for Loss of Central Vision (HETALCEV) Participants with bilateral central scotomas will be selected for this study during their routine clinical[centerwatch.com] […] vision (central scotoma) that will get bigger without treatment Symptoms appear and progress more rapidly than with dry AMD.[medicalnewstoday.com] If the are to be treated involves the central macula, a large grey spot will result in the central vision. This “scotoma” is permanent.[retinaeyedoctor.com]

    Missing: Scant Bone Spicule Pigment
  • Glaucoma

    Uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema (UGH) syndrome could be identified by conventional ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and B-ultrasonography, but failed in some untypical cases. We introduced a novel application of B-ultrasonography in diagnosis of UGH syndrome in a rare case. A 60-year-old woman was referred for distending[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Scant Bone Spicule Pigment
  • Pernicious Anemia

    Visual field examination by perimetry demonstrates a central or cecocentral scotoma.[ispub.com]

    Missing: Scant Bone Spicule Pigment
  • Toxic Amblyopia

    An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com] On examination, the patient has bilaterally symmetrical central, centrocecal, or paracentral scotoma.[notesread.com]

    Missing: Scant Bone Spicule Pigment
  • Occlusion of the Ophthalmic Artery

    BMC Ophthalmol. 2017 Jun 15;17(1):92. doi: 10.1186/s12886-017-0490-7. Author information 1 Department of Ophthalmology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, 56000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Jalan Yaacob Latiff,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Scant Bone Spicule Pigment
  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    The central scotoma gradually improved, and the visual acuity had recovered to 0.3 in August 2007.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, many patients will continue to expand the size of their central scotoma which, over a period of years, produces a more profound level of blindness.[orpha.net] These patients' pattern of visual recovery by developing small islands of normal vision within a central scotoma is characteristic in such rare cases of LHON.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Scant Bone Spicule Pigment
  • Papilledema

    […] fields still showed persistent but incomplete binasal central scotomas.[surgicalneurologyint.com] In the left eye, there was a dense central scotoma and severe generalized depression.[jamanetwork.com] scotoma should raise a red flag that this is not papilledema.[e-tjo.org]

    Missing: Scant Bone Spicule Pigment
  • Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy

    Early loss of inferior temporal RNFL in ADOA is related to superotemporal central scotoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Humphrey visual field test shows cecocentral scotoma in right eye and central scotoma in left eye.[eyewiki.aao.org] As the primary pathology is the papillomacular bundle, central, centrocecal and paracentral scotomas are the most common visual field defects.[eyewiki.aao.org]

    Missing: Scant Bone Spicule Pigment
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    In NMO patients, 33% of patients showed both central scotoma and non-central scotoma, and 13% of patients showed non-central scotoma every time.[dx.doi.org] […] include any of the following: Complete blood count (CBC) to evaluate for features of anemia, leukemia, or leukocytosis Serum vitamin B-12 and folate levels (eg, bilateral central[emedicine.com] […] part of the spinal cord on axial sections; (2) optic neuritis is bilateral and severe or associated with a swollen optic nerve or chiasm lesion or an altitudinal scotoma;[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Scant Bone Spicule Pigment

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