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77 Possible Causes for Central Scotoma on Visual Field Testing

  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    Swelling of the optic nerve head, vascular tortuosity, peripapillary telangiectasia, microangiopathy and central scotomas on visual field testing are all signs of LHON.[orpha.net]

  • Hereditary Optic Atrophy

    Swelling of the optic nerve head, vascular tortuosity, peripapillary telangiectasia, microangiopathy and central scotomas on visual field testing are all signs of LHON.[orpha.net] Visual field testing reveals a central or cecocentral scotoma and color vision defects. In the acute phase the disc can be swollen and hyperemic.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa

    A peripheral ring scotoma (detectable by visual field testing) widens gradually, and central vision may also be affected in advanced cases.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Retinal Artery Embolism

    FIELDSCentral scotoma is the most common defect observed on macular visual field testing followed by paracentral scotoma. • Patients with cilioretinal sparing show a preserved[slideshare.net] Peripheral constriction is the most common visual field deficit noted in these patients 26. SYSTEMIC ASSOCIATIONS 27.[slideshare.net] central island of vision corresponding to the area perfused by the patent cilioretinal artery.[slideshare.net]

  • Retrobulbar Neuritis

    Swelling of the optic nerve head, vascular tortuosity, peripapillary telangiectasia, microangiopathy and central scotomas on visual field testing are all signs of LHON.[orpha.net] Visual field testing in our series demonstrated a dense central or cecocentral scotoma in 50%, whereas there was some impairment of color vision in all children.[doi.org] Similarly, on computerised perimetry eccentric fixation may influence the pattern of visual field defect.[doi.org]

  • Macular Dystrophy with Central Cone Involvement

    As expected, visual field testing in cone dystrophy usually reveals a central scotoma.[en.wikipedia.org] The visual field testing shows central scotomas, while the periphery is spared. Fundus examination shows pigment deposits and retinal atrophy in the macular region.[genedx.com] The clinical signs of CRDs reflect the predominant involvement of cones, leading to decreased visual acuity in the first decade of life.[genedx.com]

  • Optic Neuritis

    Swelling of the optic nerve head, vascular tortuosity, peripapillary telangiectasia, microangiopathy and central scotomas on visual field testing are all signs of LHON.[orpha.net] Visual field testing in our series demonstrated a dense central or cecocentral scotoma in 50%, whereas there was some impairment of color vision in all children.[doi.org] Similarly, on computerised perimetry eccentric fixation may influence the pattern of visual field defect.[doi.org]

  • Toxic Amblyopia

    Visual field testing showed bilateral cecocentral scotomas (See Figure 2A) . He had slightly diminished color vision and no relative afferent pupillary defect.[reviewofophthalmology.com] This patient was a healthy 43-year-old man, 20/60 OD, 20/80 OS, pressures 17 mmHg OU with normal central corneal thickness.[reviewofophthalmology.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    In acute ON, the cardinal field defect is a widespread depression of sensitivity, and visual field testing typically reveals a central scotoma, although other visual field[dx.doi.org] Since monosymptomatic ON is often seen as being the first indication of an attack of NMO and MS, ophthalmoscopic examination, especially the visual field test, is helpful[dx.doi.org] Conclusion NMO patients showed higher incidence of non-central scotoma than MS, and altitudinal hemianopia may be characteristic of ON occurring in NMO.[dx.doi.org]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    Visual field testing reveals a central or cecocentral scotoma and color vision defects. In the acute phase the disc can be swollen and hyperemic.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] A central scotoma can be observed on the visual field. Diagnosis is based on genetic testing for the OPA1 and three mutations testing.[em-consulte.com]

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