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10 Possible Causes for Central Venous Pressure Increased, Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, P Mitrale

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Lancellotti P, Gerard PL, Pierard LA. Long-term outcome of patients with heart failure and dynamic functional mitral regurgitation.[emedicine.com] · S3 gallop · Increased central venous pressure ( 16 cm H2O at right atrium) · Hepatojugular reflux · Weight loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria[medicalcriteria.com] The major criteria include paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, neck venous distention, acute pulmonary edema, increased central venous pressure, positive hepatojugular reflux on[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    , elevated central venous pressure Cardiopulmonary exercise test Maximal systemic oxygen uptake Endomyocardial biopsy Loss of intracellular myofilaments Data from Topol E:[clevelandclinicmeded.com] […] markedly longer chordae tendineae (DCM-lowMR: 24 [20-26] mm; controls: 14 [13-16] mm; P 0.01) and larger anterior leaflets (DCM-lowMR: 30 [27-31] mm; controls: 22 [20-24] mm; P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] cardiothoracic ratio Coronary angiography Multivessel obstructive disease Hemodynamic data Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure 20 mmHg, cardiac index 2, pulmonary hypertension[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    […] markedly longer chordae tendineae (DCM-lowMR: 24 [20-26] mm; controls: 14 [13-16] mm; P 0.01) and larger anterior leaflets (DCM-lowMR: 30 [27-31] mm; controls: 22 [20-24] mm; P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , elevated central venous pressure Cardiopulmonary exercise test Maximal systemic oxygen uptake Endomyocardial biopsy Loss of intracellular myofilaments Data from Topol E:[clevelandclinicmeded.com] \mathrm{d}t\) ⁠ ), and mitral regurgitation (MR) before and after biventricular pacing as well as when pacing was suspended for 4 weeks.[doi.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    […] and CABG ( P 0.0017), post-MRI revascularization ( P 0.046), sex (0.043), mitral regurgitation ( P 0.004), and RV ESVi ( P 0.03) were found to be independently associated[ahajournals.org] , elevated central venous pressure Cardiopulmonary exercise test Maximal systemic oxygen uptake Endomyocardial biopsy Loss of intracellular myofilaments Data from Topol E:[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Diastasis was the period between the end of the E wave of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve and the P wave of the electrocardiogram.[omicsonline.org]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    The mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa (MAIVF) has a vital role in the integrity of the mitral and aortic valves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After 1 hour of allograft reperfusion, the cardiac index and blood pressure dropped markedly despite volume resuscitation, and the central venous pressure increased abruptly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] During the procedure, the anesthetist noticed a sudden increase in central venous pressure and a decrease in blood pressure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Figure 3 Fig 3: ECG done 3 months after discharge showing sinus rhythm and broad bifid P waves.[ispub.com] , elevated central venous pressure Cardiopulmonary exercise test Maximal systemic oxygen uptake Endomyocardial biopsy Loss of intracellular myofilaments Data from Topol E:[clevelandclinicmeded.com] CXR showed upper lobe diversion, pulmonary congestion and a globular cardiomegaly with mitralization of the left heart border.[ispub.com]

  • Endocardial Fibroelastosis

    He had P mitrale and ST changes on ECG (Fig. 4A), septal thickness of 22 mm (4B), LVEF 65%, biatrial enlargement (4C) and a grade III diastolic dysfunction (4D).[escardio.org] , elevated central venous pressure Cardiopulmonary exercise test Maximal systemic oxygen uptake Endomyocardial biopsy Loss of intracellular myofilaments Data from Topol E:[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Endocardial Fibroelastosis Monica P. Revelo, MD, PhD Gross specimen shows left ventricle with white opaque thickened endocardium and flat trabeculae.[basicmedicalkey.com]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Lesieur O, Lorillard R, Ha Thi H, Dudeffant P, Ledain L.[doi.org] Unilateral pulmonary oedema complicating mitral regurgitation: diagnosis and demonstration by transoesophageal echocardiography. Intensive Care Med 2000; 26: 466–70.[doi.org]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    P - pericardium, v - visceral, p - parietal; LA - left atrium, MV - mitral valve, LV - left ventricle, A - Aorta.[indianpediatrics.net] Central venous pressure (CVP) measurement If echocardiography is unavailable, placement of a CVP line may demonstrate increased right-sided pressures.[emjournal.net] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru]

  • Low Cardiac Output

    .; 6 d 12 y Dilatative cardiomyopathy, s/p mitral valve reconstruction ECLS impl.; 10 d 1 mo Tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary artery atresia and MAPCAs MAPCAs-Unifocalisation[thieme-connect.com] […] and arterial oxygen saturation Dysrhythmias Ejection fraction less than 40% Hypotension Increased central venous pressure (CVP) Increased pulmonary artery pressure (PAP)[nurseslabs.com] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com]