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29 Possible Causes for Centrocecal Scotoma, Meningioma, Optic Disc Pallor

  • Optic Atrophy

    CONCLUSIONS: Deeply buried ODD may be associated with NAION causing irreversible visual loss and optic disc pallor, a condition easily mistaken for atypical ON.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] include: Compressive – secondary to papilledema, tumor, bony growth (fibrous dysplasia, osteopetrosis), thyroid eye disease, chiasmal (pituitary etc), optic nerve sheath meningioma[eyewiki.aao.org] scotoma, and color vision disturbances.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A histopathologic study of the excised specimen disclosed a meningioma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , centrocecal scotoma • Tilted disc syndrome: bitemporal hemianopia which does not respect the vertical midline 47. • Papilledema: disc capillary dilatation, dye leakage and[slideshare.net]

  • Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy

    These patients typically present in the first decade of life with slightly subnormal acuity, dyschromatopsia, central visual field loss, and optic disc pallor.[practicalreviews.com] ., pituitary adenoma, optic nerve meningioma) Aneurysm Hydrocephalus Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC): idiopathic elevated ICP, often in obese young females Cortical venous sinus[unboundmedicine.com] scotomas.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[slideshare.net] […] in the Foster-Kennedy's syndrome, they are more common in patients with giant cell arteritis affecting the discs at different time) Kennedy-Foster's syndrome (presence of meningioma[mrcophth.com] scotomas in the perimetry and pseudoedema of the optic disc, followed by optic atrophy.[link.springer.com]

  • Toxic Retinopathy

    disc pallor .[ejournalofophthalmology.com] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com] See: CHORUS entries: Optic nerve glioma Optic nerve meningioma Neurofibromatosis Richard Woodcock, MD. Optic Gliomas. eMedicine Article.[ifond.org]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    , and (f) development of optic disc pallor, usually within 6-8 weeks.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu] A temporal defect and a small fenestration of centrocecal scotoma were evident in the right eye and a large fenestration of centrocecal scotoma and nasal defect were noted[iovs.arvojournals.org] The authors describe herein a case of optic neuropathy in progesterone receptor positive sphenoid wing meningioma of the greater wing which demonstrated spontaneous recovery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Secondary Optic Atrophy

    Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[slideshare.net] […] in the Foster-Kennedy's syndrome, they are more common in patients with giant cell arteritis affecting the discs at different time) Kennedy-Foster's syndrome (presence of meningioma[mrcophth.com] scotomas in the perimetry and pseudoedema of the optic disc, followed by optic atrophy.[link.springer.com]

  • Retrobulbar Neuritis

    disc pallor and/or optic disc swelling relative afferent pupillary defect detected by the swinging light test in the affected eye, the pupil will dilate with direct illumination[medbullets.com] Detailed ophthalmoscopic examination reveals a bilateral and often an unequal decrease in visual acuity, loss of color vision, bitemporal hemianopsia or centrocecal scotoma[ijcasereportsandimages.com] However, the optic neuritis pattern should be distinguished from the meningioma pattern by enhancement limited to the nerve, rather than the sheathlike pattern of meningioma[emedicine.com]

  • Toxic Amblyopia

    Ophthalmoscopic changes are restricted at first to slight redness of the temporal margins of the optic discs; minimal pallor is observed at a later stage.[notesread.com] An MRI of the orbits in this patient revealed an optic nerve sheath meningioma (See Figure 3C) .[reviewofophthalmology.com] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com]

  • Optic Disc Drusen

    Deeply buried ODD may be associated with NAION causing irreversible visual loss and optic disc pallor, a condition easily mistaken for atypical ON.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE REPORTS: A 28-year-old woman with ODD and optic disc melanocytoma, a 53-year-old woman with ODD and optic nerve meningioma, and a 29-year-old woman with ODD and optic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The predominant pattern of visual field loss was an altitudinal or arcuate defect in 19 (79%) and a centrocecal scotoma in 5 (21%) of the 24 eyes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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