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15 Possible Causes for Centrocecal Scotoma, Optic Disc Pallor, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    Fundoscopic examination showed hyperemic papilla on the right eye and optic disc pallor on the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Results: The presence of centrocecal scotoma, an edematous, hyperemic optic nerve head, and vascular tortuosity, as well as telangiectasia was recognized in affected subjects[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After subsequent development of bilateral optic disc pallor, we concluded that the patient had LHON. mtDNA analysis was conducted using non-radioisotopic single-strand conformational[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , centrocecal scotoma • Tilted disc syndrome: bitemporal hemianopia which does not respect the vertical midline 47. • Papilledema: disc capillary dilatation, dye leakage and[slideshare.net] An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS])[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    Two months later, VA was 20/20 OD and hand motions OS, with relative afferent pupillary defect and a pallor of the optic disc in OS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A temporal defect and a small fenestration of centrocecal scotoma were evident in the right eye and a large fenestration of centrocecal scotoma and nasal defect were noted[iovs.arvojournals.org] Optic discs: are initially normal but may develop mild temporal disc pallor if ethambutol is continued.[epomedicine.com]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Optic disc pallor is one of the defining characteristics of Dominant Optic Atropy.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu] scotomas in the perimetry and pseudoedema of the optic disc, followed by optic atrophy.[link.springer.com] F igure 1. ( A ) Right optic disc of patient 6 with diffuse pallor and nerve fiber layer loss. ( B ) Left optic disc of patient 14 with wedge-shaped temporal pallor reminiscent[iovs.arvojournals.org]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[emedicine.com] Central scotoma is recognized as a typical visual field defect pattern of ON in MS [ 17 ].[dx.doi.org] At that time, symptoms and signs of right-sided sensory disturbance together with a history of uniocular central visual loss and, on fundoscopy, pallor of both optic discs[medicalcannabis.it]

  • Behr Syndrome

    Certain disc appearances can help to determine the cause for the optic nerve damage. Sector disc pallor in an older individual could have been caused by NAION.[eyewiki.aao.org] scotoma of variable density.[genecards.org] Acuity in the first decade is in the 20/70 to 20/100 range with little worsening in patients followed for a decade or more even though the disc pallor may increase with loss[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • Toxic Retinopathy

    It was also of note that profound abnormalities detected with visual field and multifocal electroretinography testing can be observed in the presence of a normal macular appearance[atlasophthalmology.net] disc pallor .[ejournalofophthalmology.com] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com]

  • Toxic Amblyopia

    Circumscript visual field losses develop ( scotomas ) as shown in this link, where the black areas of the visual field tests show the blind spots.[nethealthbook.com] Ophthalmoscopic changes are restricted at first to slight redness of the temporal margins of the optic discs; minimal pallor is observed at a later stage.[notesread.com] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com]

  • Retrobulbar Neuritis

    For this same reason the difference between perceptual delays for two sites in the visual field (T s) may also be abnormal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Loss of colour vision and optic disc pallor are commonly found in asymptomatic patients with dominant optic atrophy.[doi.org] Central and centrocecal scotoma were seen in 35 eyes (35.3%), followed by enlarged blind spot in 11, generalized constriction in 5, supero-nasal quadrantic defect in 1 eye[ijo.in]

  • Choroidal Rupture

    A number of abnormalities can be seen both on examination of the fundus and on functional testing of the retina.[patient.info] Optic disc pallor was associated with a slightly poorer long term visual acuity than eyes without pallor (p 0.059).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms may include vision loss, with signs consisting of variable VF defects, such as isolated scotomas, central or centrocecal defects and enlargement of a blind spot or[optometricmanagement.com]

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