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19 Possible Causes for Cerebellar Ataxia - Limb and Trunk, Parinaud Syndrome

  • Frontal Lobe Neoplasm

    syndrome, may occur with pineal tumors Tumors of the occipital lobe specifically may produce homonymous hemianopia or partial visual field deficits Anosmia may occur with[emedicine.medscape.com] ataxia involving limbs and trunk Increased ICP Headaches less common Clinical manisfestations in Grades III and IV Most fx for ages 50-60 Rapidly progressive symptoms: -[quizlet.com] Pineal tumors: Parinaud's syndrome - poor upward gaze, slightly dilated pupils that don't react to light but react to accommodation, retraction or convergence nystagmus, lid[hawaii.edu]

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    […] mainly involving vertical gaze and/or convergence/retraction nystagmus (such as is mainly reported in Parinaud's).[dizziness-and-balance.com] Truncal tremor may be evident - constant jerking of the trunk and head. Limb ataxia Lesions of the cerebellar hemisphere cause ipsilateral signs.[patient.info] Occlusion of the "top" of the basilar artery can result in a large number of complex syndromes that may include visual hallucinations, somnolence, various ocular findings[dizziness-and-balance.com]

  • Opsoclonus-Myoclonus Syndrome

    […] associated with myoclonus affecting the head, trunk, limbs and signs of cerebellar ataxia, especially the inability to stand and walk.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and limbs and cerebellar ataxia.[casereports.in] ataxia and myoclonic jerks in the trunk and limbs. [webview.isho.jp]

  • Benedict Syndrome

    (A) Dorsal midbrain (Parinaud's) syndrome. (B) Paramedian midbrain (Bcncdikt) syndrome. (C) Medial midbrain (Weber) syndrome. Red nucleus Figure 14-3.[vertigoexercises.us] […] may primarily involve the trunk ( truncal ataxia ) and the patient may not be able to sit or stand unsupported ( astasia ); truncal ataxia is usually due to midline cerebellar[lifeinthefastlane.com] Some named syndromes which are used today in clinical diagnosis (e.g. Parinaud's syndrome) do not exactly correspond to the first descriptions in the last century.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lateral Medullary Syndrome

    […] peduncle, PCA Benedikt syndrome ventral tegmentum, PCA Parinaud's syndrome dorsal, tumor Nothnagel's syndrome Claude's syndrome Other Alternating hemiplegia Cerebellum lateral[en.wikipedia.org] trunk and limbs Horner's syndrome Weakness of bulbar muscles Respiratory function Which side does the uvula deviate with lateral medulllary syndrome?[quizlet.com] Cerebellar dysarthria and ataxia of the trunk or limbs are frequent (813,815,818).[web.archive.org]

  • Cerebellar Neoplasm

    syndrome, may occur with pineal tumors Tumors of the occipital lobe specifically may produce homonymous hemianopia or partial visual field deficits Anosmia may occur with[emedicine.medscape.com] […] syndrome: Before cancer: 63% After starting tumor treatment: 30% May begin with tumor relapse: 20% Ataxia: Trunk & Limb Severe Pancerebellar Trunk & Limb Dysarthria Oculomotor[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] […] pressure (ICP) of several days or longer Diplopia may result from displacement or compression of the sixth cranial nerve at the base of the brain Impaired upward gaze, called Parinaud[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    […] peduncle, PCA Benedikt syndrome ventral tegmentum, PCA Parinaud's syndrome dorsal, tumor Nothnagel's syndrome Claude's syndrome Other Alternating hemiplegia Cerebellum lateral[en.wikipedia.org] Truncal tremor may be evident - constant jerking of the trunk and head. Limb ataxia Lesions of the cerebellar hemisphere cause ipsilateral signs.[patient.info] […] and trunk. – By contrast, 10% of patients with a pure lateral medullary infarct have an associated PICA distribution cerebellar infarction.• latPICA infarct - dizziness,[slideshare.net]

  • Brain Stem Disorder

    PRETECTAL (PARINAUD’S) SYNDROME This is a constellation of signs from damage to the pretectum and posterior commissure (36).[neuroophthalmology.ca] Medial superior pontine syndrome (paramedian branches of upper basilar artery) On side of lesion • Cerebellar ataxia (probably): Superior and/or middle cerebellar peduncle[slideshare.net] syndrome Patients with cervicomedullary lesions may present with the following: Dysphagia, unsteadiness, nasal speech, vomiting, and weakness Sensory loss in the face (involvement[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    PRETECTAL (PARINAUD’S) SYNDROME This is a constellation of signs from damage to the pretectum and posterior commissure (36).[neuroophthalmology.ca] Truncal tremor may be evident - constant jerking of the trunk and head. Limb ataxia Lesions of the cerebellar hemisphere cause ipsilateral signs.[patient.info] The incidence of this syndrome is much higher than that of Apert's syndrome, another craniofacial anomaly. dorsal midbrain syndrome See Parinaud's syndrome .[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Convergence Nystagmus

    Parinaud's syndrome, is an inability to move the eyes up and down.[en.wikipedia.org] […] of gait with milder limb and trunk ataxia. 17 Ninety percent of patients have motor and sensory neuropathy with distal weakness and amyotrophy. 17 Cerebellar dysarthria is[jamanetwork.com] We report 4 cases of retraction-convergence nystagmus associated with Parinaud syndrome arising from circumscribed lesions of vascular origin--3 hemorrhagic and 1 ischemic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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