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10 Possible Causes for Cerebellar Ataxia - Limb and Trunk, Trigeminal Nerve Lesion

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    Truncal tremor may be evident - constant jerking of the trunk and head. Limb ataxia Lesions of the cerebellar hemisphere cause ipsilateral signs.[patient.info] It is caused by a midline cerebellar lesion, or may be a feature of post-chickenpox cerebellar syndrome.[patient.info]

  • Bickerstaff Brainstem Encephalitis

    , or trunk dyskinesias) – loss of consciousness or autonomic dysfunction – Central hypoventilation; and – cerebellar ataxia or hemiparesis. • Only six patients (1%) had one[de.slideshare.net] […] categories of symptoms (from highest- to-lowest frequency) : – Abnormal behaviour and cognition – Memory deficit – Speech disorder – Seizures – Abnormal movements (orofacial, limb[de.slideshare.net]

  • Acoustic Neuroma

    Although little information is available on its exact incidence, truncal (trunk, abdomen, chest) ataxia appears to be more common than limb ataxia.[hopkinsmedicine.org] Hearing impairment in the affected side is a likely outcome as well as a lesion in the trigeminal nerve.[scielo.br] Outright cerebellar dysfunction is uncommon in AN, and is limited to large tumors.[hopkinsmedicine.org]

  • Lateral Medullary Syndrome

    trunk and limbs Horner's syndrome Weakness of bulbar muscles Respiratory function Which side does the uvula deviate with lateral medulllary syndrome?[quizlet.com] […] of Nucleus and Spinal tract of Trigeminal nerve) Vertigo, Nausea, Vomiting and Nystagmus. ( Lesion of Vestibular nucleii) Ipsilateral Horner Syndrome ( due to lesion of Descending[medchrome.com] Cerebellar dysarthria and ataxia of the trunk or limbs are frequent (813,815,818).[web.archive.org]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    Truncal tremor may be evident - constant jerking of the trunk and head. Limb ataxia Lesions of the cerebellar hemisphere cause ipsilateral signs.[patient.info] .  Decreased diaphragm Movements due to compression of phrenic nerve.  Lower cranial nerve involvement & medullary involvement can occur.  Descending tract of trigeminal[slideshare.net] The disorder was characterized by pure cerebellar signs, including ataxia of the trunk and limbs, dysarthria, and irregular visual pursuit movements.[findzebra.com]

  • Oculomotor Apraxia

    Progressive cerebellar ataxia (100% of patients) of the trunk and limbs, starting at walking age (is the presenting symptom in 90% of patients) and leading to wheelchair toward[raredisorders.imedpub.com] Reported peripheral nerve involvement includes paraesthesia of the extremities, trigeminal neuralgia or motor deficits affecting the cranial nerves, the phrenic nerve or several[rheumatology.oxfordjournals.org] Computed tomographic scanning may provide evidence of localized cerebral ischaemia with infarction [ 20 , 55 ] and MRI may also show multiple lesions of the white matter consistent[rheumatology.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Blepharospasm

    In addition to the ataxic dysarthria and blepharospasm, a neurological examination demonstrated slight ataxia of the trunk and lower limbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] nucleus lesion. 2 Other causes can be peripheral facial palsy, herpes zoster infection of trigeminal nerve, brain infarcts, neuroleptics, Shy-Drager syndrome, progressive[dx.doi.org] Brain MRI demonstrated atrophy of the upper portion of the cerebellar vermis. Gene analysis established a diagnosis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 31 (SCA31).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebellar Mass Lesion

    […] muscles bilaterally Lesions lateral to the cerebellar vermis mainly cause ataxia of the limbs (i.e., appendicular ataxia) Of Interest : The cerebellum has multiple reciprocal[brainaacn.org] Large CPA lesions may compress the pons, the ipsilateral cerebellar hemisphere, the trigeminal nerve anteriorly and superiorly, and the IX, X, and XI nerves posteriorly.[mjdrdypu.org] Facial and trigeminal nerve palsies. Ipsilateral cerebellar signs. Corpus callosum This is an interesting part of the brain that communicates between the two sides.[patient.info]

  • Benedict Syndrome

    […] may primarily involve the trunk ( truncal ataxia ) and the patient may not be able to sit or stand unsupported ( astasia ); truncal ataxia is usually due to midline cerebellar[lifeinthefastlane.com] The cochlear nuclei and intraaxial nerve fibers. Lesions result in unilateral central deafness. 3. The vestibular nuclei and intraaxial nerve fibers.[vertigoexercises.us] . • Cochlear nuclei and intraaxial nerve fibers Lesions result in unilateral central deafness. • Vestibular nuclei and intraaxial nerve fibers Lesions result in nystagmus,[slideshare.net]

  • Intracranial Neoplasm

    ataxia involving limbs and trunk Increased ICP Headaches less common Clinical manisfestations in Grades III and IV Most fx for ages 50-60 Rapidly progressive symptoms: -[quizlet.com] nerve deficits Homogenous enhancing mass on MRI or CT, arising from cranial nerve Oligodendroglioma Insidious headache, mental changes Focal presentation related to tumor[neoadjuvant.wikidot.com] […] cerebrum, frontal lobe Unilateral or focal headaches Increased ICP Personality disorders Clinical manifestations of Grades I and II in children Appear in cerebellum Unilateral cerebellar[quizlet.com]

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