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245 Possible Causes for Cerebellar Herniation

  • Cerebro-Facio-Thoracic Dysplasia

    Whole-exome sequencing (WES) is a type of disruptive technology that has tremendous influence on human and clinical genetics research. An efficient and cost-effective method, WES is now widely used as a diagnostic tool for identifying the molecular basis of genetic syndromes that are often challenging to diagnose.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Stem Herniation

    , Herniations, Tonsillar , Herniation, Cerebellar , Tonsillar Hernias , Hernia, Cerebellar , Cerebellar Herniation , Cerebellar Herniations , Hernia, Tonsillar , Tonsillar[fpnotebook.com] (cingulate) herniation Extracranial (transcalvarial) herniation Upward cerebellar herniation Tonsillar (downward cerebellar) herniation Picture from Wikimedia Commons The[healthhype.com] […] not cerebral but cerebellar herniation Etiology Any intracranial mass can have this effect: intracranial hemorrhage extradural hemorrhage subdural hemorrhage intracerebral[radiopaedia.org]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type I

    Type I ACM consists of variable displacement of the medulla throughout the formamen magnum into the cervical canal, with prominent cerebellar herniation.[mrmjournal.biomedcentral.com] Herniation of the cerebellar pedicles is what it is.[portchiro.com] Introduction Arnold-Chiari malformation (ACM) is a congenital brain anomaly characterized by herniation of the cerebellar structures through the foramen magnum.[f1000research.com]

  • Pineal Gland Cyst

    A 27 year-old woman died unexpectedly due to a cyst of the pineal gland with a prominent cerebellar tonsillar herniation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cyst of the pineal gland with a prominent cerebellar tonsillar herniation]. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (in Dutch). 147 (47): 2327. PMID 14669539.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Scoliosis

    In this patient, MR imaging of the brain and spine showed syrinx along entire spine and hydrocephalus, cerebellar tonsillar herniation, and expansion of the fourth ventricle[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Contusion

    This case suggests that damage to cerebellar structures is not limited only to overt tonsillar herniation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The current paradigm viewing only noticeable tonsillar herniation as a risk factor for hindbrain injury should be revisited.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Benign tonsillar ectopia may predispose to cerebellar contusion even after minor concussion and thus has a clinical significance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Influenza

    The older child recovered fully and was discharged 2 weeks after illness onset, but the younger sibling developed severe brainstem edema and cerebellar tonsillar herniation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    There are two common types of Arnold-Chiari malformation: type I: herniation of the cerebellar tonsils associated with syringomyelia type II: herniation of the cerebellar[gpnotebook.co.uk] Lethal brainstem compression may also accompany relatively minor trauma associated with chronic cerebellar tonsillar herniation in these patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Type I ACM consists of variable displacement of the medulla throughout the formamen magnum into the cervical canal, with prominent cerebellar herniation.[mrmjournal.biomedcentral.com]

  • Head Injury

    The repeated CT showed interval development of extensive dural sinus thrombosis, cerebellar edema and infarct, as well as mild downward transtentorial herniation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    In this form of herniation, the cerebellar tonsils are displaced in a downward direction through the foramen magnum, causing compression on the lower brainstem and upper cervical[emedicine.com] Upward, or cerebellar, herniation occurs when either a large mass or an increased pressure in the posterior fossa is present and the cerebellum is displaced in an upward direction[emedicine.com] Tonsillar herniation occurs when increased pressure develops in the posterior fossa.[emedicine.com]

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