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323 Possible Causes for Cerebellar Hypoplasia, MRI Scan of the Brain Abnormal

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    hypoplasia, hydrocephalus, and posterior fossa cyst formation.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Images will be taken of your child's brain. This can be done with: CT scan MRI scan Ultrasound Treatment Dandy-Walker syndrome cannot be cured.[winchesterhospital.org] […] growths in the brain Imaging studies to be performed may include: X-rays of the skull to check for skull enlargement CT and MRI scan to measure the size and shape of the[dovemed.com]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Type IV is a form a cerebellar hypoplasia.[hon.ch] MRI will show the abnormal CSF flow and configuration and position of the brain and spinal cord [6] .[physio-pedia.com] […] structures Hydrocephalus in 50% of cases due to obstruction Chiari IV (very rare) Primary cerebellar hypoplasia or agenesis Epidemiology Prevalence True incidence is estimated[unboundmedicine.com]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    […] atrophy [4] severe cerebellar hypoplasia, poor muscle tone, delayed in motor milestones, lack of coordination in motive skills, difficulty speaking, involuntary movements[en.wikipedia.org] MRI scans show white matter changes; the children affected have normal intelligence unless there is there is a structural brain abnormality - this can happen in a small percentage[disabled-world.com] Ptosis, external opthalmoplegia, mild mental retardation, and mild cerebellar hypoplasia on MRI were reported [ 42 ].[doi.org]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type 1

    hypoplasia without displacement of the cerebellum through the foramen magnum probably a variation of cerebellar hypoplasia Chiari V malformation absent cerebellum herniation[radiopaedia.org] MRI will show the abnormal CSF flow and configuration and position of the brain and spinal cord [4] .[physio-pedia.com] An MRI will show the abnormal CSF flow and configuration and position of the brain and spinal cord [6].[physio-pedia.com]

  • PHACE Syndrome

    We report a child presenting with a triad of congenital third nerve palsy, cerebellar hypoplasia and facial capillary hemangioma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If PHACES association is suspected, they will carry out a full physical examination, and investigation which may include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scan and cardiac[gosh.nhs.uk] The most common structural brain defects were cerebellar hypoplasia (25%) and fourth ventricle abnormalities (13%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lissencephaly

    A newborn with a rare type of lissencephaly is reported, characterized by extreme cerebral and cerebellar hypoplasia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lissencephaly is usually diagnosed on the basis of either CT or MRI scan of the brain. It can be suspected based on the sonologic findings.[doi.org] A sibship with a neuronal migration defect, cerebellar hypoplasia and congenital lymphedema. Neuropediatrics 24, 43–46 ( 1993). 15 DeSilva, U. et al.[doi.org]

  • Mega-Cisterna Magna

    Differential diagnosis includes Dandy-Walker malformations and variants , cerebellar hypoplasia, posterior fossa arachnoid cyst , and epidermoid cysts .[radiopaedia.org] Fetal brain MRI may be useful if other brain abnormalities are suspected.[fetalmedicine.org] […] magna is closely related to cerebellar hypoplasia.[fetalultrasound.com]

  • Craniosynostosis-Dandy-Walker Malformation-Hydrocephalus Syndrome

    Showing of 14 80%-99% of people have these symptoms Cerebellar hypoplasia Small cerebellum Underdeveloped cerebellum [ more ] 0001321 Dandy-Walker malformation 0001305 Dolichocephaly[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] The main diagnostic tools include: Amniocentesis - performed at around the 5th month of pregnancy Ultrasound scans - to check for any abnormal fluid levels in the brain, while[dovemed.com] CT scan of the head : excellent method of imaging the brain in case of associated bone abnormalities. Preferred when MRI is contraindicated.[lecturio.com]

  • Congenital Merosin-Positive Muscular Dystrophy

    The second child, a 3-year-old ambulant girl with subtle learning problems, had mild cerebellar hypoplasia and a large subarachnoid space when scanned at 16 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MRI scans show white matter changes; the children affected have normal intelligence unless there is there is a structural brain abnormality - this can happen in a small percentage[disabled-world.com] […] the MRI scan of the brain shows white matter signal abnormalities [59].[mafiadoc.com]

  • Bonnemann-Meinecke-Reich Syndrome

    HYPOPLASIA; MICPCH Mental retardation and microcephaly with pontine and cerebellar hypoplasia (MICPCH) is an X-linked disorder affecting females and characterized by severe[mendelian.co] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): this may reveal calcifications and brain atrophy in regions exemplified by the brainstem and cerebellum, as well as features suggestive of[symptoma.com] […] abscess, Cerebellar ataxia, Cerebellar cortex atrophy, Cerebellar degeneration, Cerebellar haemorrhage, Cerebellar heredoataxia, Cerebellar hypoplasia, Cerebellar infarct[wikidoc.org]

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