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1,915 Possible Causes for Cerebellar Sign, Microcephaly (2-3 SD), Ocular Muscle Palsies

Did you mean: Cerebellar Sign, Microcephaly (2-3 SD, Ocular Muscle Palsies

  • Dysequilibrium Syndrome

    Microcephaly (-3 to -4 SD below the mean) has been reported in a few affected individuals. Life span.[] The characteristic finding on MRI is the "molar tooth sign" in which hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis and accompanying brain stem abnormalities resemble a tooth.[] Short stature (height just below the 2 nd centile) is a feature in a few affected individuals. Deep tendon reflexes in the lower extremities tend to be brisk.[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Subsequent symptoms also include more prominent upper motor neuron signs, i.e.,. increased spasticity, increasing para- or quardriparesis.[] Cerebellar: 0 ‐ Normal, 1 ‐ Signs without disability, 2 ‐ Mild ataxia .... 5 ‐ Unable to perform co‐ordinated movements because of ataxia, 9 ‐ Unknown 1.5 ‐ No disability.[] Vertigo, incoordination and other cerebellar problems, depression, emotional lability, abnormalities in gait, dysarthria, fatigue and pain are also commonly seen.[]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Blepharofacioskeletal Syndrome

    […] at 2y)SmitheLemlieOpitzsyndrome[Porter, 2008]Short Stature (8 SD) (7 SD) Microcephaly (3 SD) (3 SD) Failure to gain weight Low birth weight Skin abnormalities Transient non-pitting[] Alternative clinical presentations may be the dystonic or cerebellar form.[] […] observed and no crises were reported over time.Table 1Clinical, imaging ndings in the study patients compared to SmitheLemlieOpitzsyndrome.Feature Patient 1(at 4y)Patient 2([]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    . - Ocular: pupillary changes. Extraocular muscle palsy; gaze palsy: nystagmus. Hypothalamus.[] More than one-third of patients (n 181 [38.7%]) had the classic WE triad of symptoms (ocular signs, cerebellar dysfunction, and confusion).[] Cranial nerve VI (abducens) palsy causes weakness of the lateral rectus muscle and results in medial deviation of the eye, decreased abduction, and horizontal diplopia.[]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Machado-Joseph Disease

    We describe a family with dominantly inherited ataxia of late adult onset with relatively "pure" cerebellar signs.[] MJD Type 1 patients generally present with cerebellar signs and external progressive ophthalmoplegia with variable degrees of pyramidal manifestations (spasticity, hyperreflexia[] Type I patients show pronounced pyramidal signs and extrapyramidal signs such as dystonia. Type II patients have cerebellar and pyramidal signs.[]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Oculomotor Nerve Paralysis

    Isolated third nerve palsy from mild closed head trauma. Arch Iran Med. 2012. 15: 583-4 18. Neetens A, Van Aerde F. Extra-ocular muscle palsy from minor head trauma.[] Question 13: What other cerebellar signs can you check for other than nystagmus?[] Ocular motor palsy also can be classified based on (2) total palsy or partial paresis. Total palsy is full restriction of extraocular muscle in present.[]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    Initial neurological examination demonstrated dysarthria, bilateral positive cerebellar signs, weak proximal muscle groups, hyporeflexia, and hypertonia, with reduced sensation[] Myasthenia gravis would be unlikely to develop so rapidly, and though a cause of complex ophthalmoplegia, it would not explain the areflexia or the cerebellar signs.[] Besides the cerebellar type of ataxia, initial disturbances of consciousness (n 8), supranuclear oculomotor signs (n 22), and pathology findings in electroencephalography[]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Neuronal Intranuclear Inclusion Disease

    […] ataxia, chorea, dystonia, gaze-evoked horizontal nystagmus, pyramidal tract signs, seizures, mental retardation, dementia, autonomic dysfunction, and peripheral neuropathy[] […] typically widespread, involving central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, leading to the impression of multisystem degeneration. 1 These features include parkinsonism, cerebellar[]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    The neurological examination revealed no focal deficit but worrying signs of increased intracranial pressure.[] While cerebellar tumor location may be associated with poor prognosis, SRS-related toxicity is uncommon.[] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with contrast showed thick and large-scale cortico-pial cerebellar enhancements, associated with severe obstructive hydrocephalus.[]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)
  • Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord

    Vascular disorders Cerebellar hemorrhage may occur with high blood pressure, causing sudden headache, neck stiffness, and cerebellar signs, often with evidence of compression[] These tumours tend to cause an increase in intracranial pressure and signs of brainstem and cerebellar dysfunction.[] The primary signs of cerebellar disease are nystagmus, ataxia, and scanning speech. ( See Unlocalized or multifocal disorders: Demyelinating diseases .)[]

    Missing: Microcephaly (2-3 SD)

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