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83 Possible Causes for Cerebellar Tonsillar Herniation

  • Costello Syndrome

    Posterior fossa crowding with cerebellar tonsillar herniation (CBTH) was noted in 27/28 (96%), and in 10/17 (59%) with serial studies posterior fossa crowding progressed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The volumetric reduction of the PCF due to bony posterior fossa hypoplasia is a predisposing factor for developing cerebellar tonsillar herniation through the foramen magnum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pineal Gland Cyst

    A 27 year-old woman died unexpectedly due to a cyst of the pineal gland with a prominent cerebellar tonsillar herniation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cyst of the pineal gland with a prominent cerebellar tonsillar herniation]. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (in Dutch). 147 (47): 2327. PMID 14669539.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Brain Stem Herniation

    Cerebellar tonsillar herniation Cerebellar tonsillar herniation. The cerebellar tonsils are displaced into the foramen magnum and the medulla is compressed.[neuropathology-web.org] , Herniations, Tonsillar , Herniation, Cerebellar , Tonsillar Hernias , Hernia, Cerebellar , Cerebellar Herniation , Cerebellar Herniations , Hernia, Tonsillar , Tonsillar[fpnotebook.com] (cingulate) herniation Extracranial (transcalvarial) herniation Upward cerebellar herniation Tonsillar (downward cerebellar) herniation Picture from Wikimedia Commons The[healthhype.com]

  • Scoliosis

    In this patient, MR imaging of the brain and spine showed syrinx along entire spine and hydrocephalus, cerebellar tonsillar herniation, and expansion of the fourth ventricle[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Contusion

    This case suggests that damage to cerebellar structures is not limited only to overt tonsillar herniation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The current paradigm viewing only noticeable tonsillar herniation as a risk factor for hindbrain injury should be revisited.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Benign tonsillar ectopia may predispose to cerebellar contusion even after minor concussion and thus has a clinical significance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Influenza

    The older child recovered fully and was discharged 2 weeks after illness onset, but the younger sibling developed severe brainstem edema and cerebellar tonsillar herniation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypotension

    Initial cranial CT scan showed an acute small subdural hematoma (17 mm length 6 mm width 30 mm height), cerebral edema with slit ventricles, and slight cerebellar tonsillar[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] herniation as signs of intracranial hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita

    An MRI demonstrated mild to moderate lateral ventricle hydrocephalus, left hemi-megalencephaly, and left cerebellar tonsillar herniation with full occlusion of the cisterna[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] for progressive tonsillar herniation and consequent neurological symptoms due to cerebellar overgrowth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] tonsillar herniation in three patients with macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita.[malacards.org]

  • Cutis Marmorata

    An MRI demonstrated mild to moderate lateral ventricle hydrocephalus, left hemi-megalencephaly, and left cerebellar tonsillar herniation with full occlusion of the cisterna[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] for progressive tonsillar herniation and consequent neurological symptoms due to cerebellar overgrowth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] tonsillar herniation in three patients with macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita.[malacards.org]

  • Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome

    Initial cranial CT scan showed an acute small subdural hematoma (17 mm length 6 mm width 30 mm height), cerebral edema with slit ventricles, and slight cerebellar tonsillar[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] herniation as signs of intracranial hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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