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13 Possible Causes for Cerebellar Tonsillar Herniation, Cheyne-Stokes Respiration

  • Cerebral Edema

    Cerebellar tonsillar herniation Cerebellar tonsillar herniation. The cerebellar tonsils are displaced into the foramen magnum and the medulla is compressed.[neuropathology-web.org] This generally improves after several nights at a constant altitude, though periodic breathing (Cheyne-Stokes respiration) remains common above 2700 m.[emedicine.medscape.com] The control cerebral CT that was performed on the 1 st of December, 2008 showed cerebellar tonsillar herniation in addition to the findings of cerebral edema (Figure 1).[omicsonline.org]

  • Marfanoid Habitus with Situs Inversus

    Tonsillar Herniation (congenital) multinucleated giant cells in nodules of cardiac inflammation Aschoff Bodies- Rheumatic Fever Wernicke's Encephalopathy (mostly chronic[cram.com] Oscillating slow/fast breathing Cheyne-Stokes respiration -central apnea in CHF -increased ICP Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia Cold agglutinin (autoimmune hemolytic[studyblue.com] Sheehan's syndrome (pituitary infarction) Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia multiple sclerosis Oscillating slow/fast breathing Cheyne-Stokes[memorize.com]

  • Pyramidal Tract Lesion

    ., cerebellar tonsillar herniation crushing brainstem), vital functions may suffer. III. PONS A.[casemed.case.edu] Tract Lesion Narcotic overdose Alcohol intoxication Following electroconvulsive therapy Coma secondary to metabolic disturbances Post-traumatic states Post-ictal state In Cheyne-Stokes[notes.medicosnotes.com] respiration, the extensor response may appear during the period of apnoea, whereas in the phase of active respiration the normal reflex is seen.[notes.medicosnotes.com]

  • Brain Stem Herniation

    Cerebellar tonsillar herniation Cerebellar tonsillar herniation. The cerebellar tonsils are displaced into the foramen magnum and the medulla is compressed.[neuropathology-web.org] Respiratory changes which occur with lesions in various sites are: Site of lesion Respiratory pattern Diencephalon Cheyne-Stokes respiration Midbrain Central neurogenic hyperventilation[kobiljak.msu.edu] The patient developed Cheyne-Stokes respiration an hour later. His right pupil became fixed and dilated and he was given intravenous mannitol (1g/ kg).[omicsonline.org]

  • Osteopetrosis

    There are very few reports in the literature associating cerebellar tonsillar herniation (CTH) and hydrocephalus requiring neurosurgical attention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] チェーン・ストークス Cheyne-Stokes respiration チェーン・ストークス呼吸 JohnCheyne (1777 - 1836) British physician, surgeon and William Stokes (1804 -1878) Irish physician, Chiari キアリ Chiari's[jams.med.or.jp] Chassaignac シャセニャック Chassaignac's tubercle シャセニャック結節 CharlesMarie Édouard Chassaignac (1805-1879) French surgeon Chediak-Higashi シェディアック・東 Chediak-Higashi syndrome シェディアック・東症候群 Cheyne-Stokes[jams.med.or.jp]

  • Meningism

    tonsillar herniation) On neurological examination, signs of meningism are uncommon but neck stiffness can be seen occasionally.[freethesaurus.com] Late in the game, Cheyne-Stokes respiration and fixed mid-dilated pupils develop.[derangedphysiology.com] Neck stiffness as cerebellar tonsils compress against the foramen magnum (as opposed to meningism from meningitis beware of performing a lumbar puncture in the patient with[freethesaurus.com]

  • Mesencephalic Neoplasm

    .  Head tilt : tonsillar herniation below the foramen magnum  Cerebellar symptoms  Brain stem involvement  Leptomeningeal dissemination MEDULLOBLASTOMA 02-Mar-16 33 34[slideshare.net] For example, consciousness will progress from stupor to coma; respirations will progress from eupnea through Cheyne-Stokes respirations, central neurogenic hyperventilation[dartmouth.edu] In these cases of toxic or metabolic encephalopathy, brainstem function is usually preserved until last - may see Cheyne-Stokes respirations. 17-3.[dartmouth.edu]

  • Autosomal Dominant Congenital Nystagmus Type 4

    Type I Arnold Chiari malformation (ACM) has cerebellar herniation with minimal medullary descent; 50 to 75% have associated hydromyelia.[neuroophthalmology.ca] Cheyne's nystagmus a peculiar rhythmical eye movement resembling Cheyne-Stokes respiration in rhythm. congenital nystagmus ( congenital hereditary nystagmus ) nystagmus usually[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Type I ACM presents in adulthood with milder brainstem and cerebellar signs, though cases with greater tonsillar ectopia can have symptoms in childhood (1008).[neuroophthalmology.ca]

  • Congenital Nystagmus 2, Autosomal Dominant

    Type I Arnold Chiari malformation (ACM) has cerebellar herniation with minimal medullary descent; 50 to 75% have associated hydromyelia.[neuroophthalmology.ca] Cheyne's nystagmus a peculiar rhythmical eye movement resembling Cheyne-Stokes respiration in rhythm. congenital nystagmus may be a primary functional defect or secondary[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Type I ACM presents in adulthood with milder brainstem and cerebellar signs, though cases with greater tonsillar ectopia can have symptoms in childhood (1008).[neuroophthalmology.ca]

  • Autosomal Dominant Congenital Nystagmus 3

    Type I Arnold Chiari malformation (ACM) has cerebellar herniation with minimal medullary descent; 50 to 75% have associated hydromyelia.[neuroophthalmology.ca] Cheyne's nystagmus a peculiar rhythmical eye movement resembling Cheyne-Stokes respiration in rhythm. congenital nystagmus ( congenital hereditary nystagmus ) nystagmus usually[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Type I ACM presents in adulthood with milder brainstem and cerebellar signs, though cases with greater tonsillar ectopia can have symptoms in childhood (1008).[neuroophthalmology.ca]

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