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790 Possible Causes for Cerebral Atrophy, Hallucinations

  • Homocystinuria

    Cerebral atrophy and bilateral hyperintensity in the deep white matter were visible in MRI scans of the patients' brains; those were significant findings in the three patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe a previously well 17-year-old adolescent with an acute psychosis characterized by auditory and visual hallucinations and marked paranoia who was found to have[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] atrophy Treatment: Hydroxycobalamin, folate, L-methionine Methylmalonic acidemia-homocystinuria (cblG; 250940) Methylene tetrahydrofolate homocysteine methyltransferase MTR[merckmanuals.com]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    Neuroradiological findings include cerebral atrophy, encephalopathy and widened extracerebral CSF spaces.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] toxic-metabolic encephalopathy Dictionary of Hallucinations . J.D. Blom . 2010 .[hallucinations.enacademic.com] […] alertness and attention; Decreased concentration and coherent thought/skilled movements; Disorientation, memory, language, irritability and agitation, restlessness, apathy, hallucinations[quizlet.com]

  • Epilepsy

    Hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia-epilepsy (HHE) involves infantile-onset acute hemiconvulsive febrile status epilepticus with subsequent unilateral cerebral atrophy and hemiparesis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These can include hallucinations, numbness, tingling, or other changes to vision, taste, smell, touch, or hearing.[familydoctor.org] Case 2 was a 3-year-8-month-old boy with refractory bilateral asymmetrical tonic posturing seizures predominantly in the right arm due to atrophy of the left cerebral hemisphere[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Toxic Encephalopathy

    However, the neurological status, the neuropsychological impairment, and the cerebral atrophy, did not change significantly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] alertness and attention; Decreased concentration and coherent thought/skilled movements; Disorientation, memory, language, irritability and agitation, restlessness, apathy, hallucinations[quizlet.com] It is documented for the first time by MRI that diffuse cerebral atrophy occurred as a result of podophyllin toxicity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dementia

    A threshold of 3 or more microscopic infarcts identified in a systematic screening of cerebral cortex and deep cerebral structures.[symptoma.com] Search terms used included compulsion, dementia, extracampine hallucination, disordered gambling, humour, and obsession.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Initially, individuals may experience symptoms similar to Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s, while others may have vivid visual hallucinations.[homewatchcaregivers.com]

  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

    A cranial CT scan revealed mild, generalized cerebral atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a patient with juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis who developed a neuroleptic malignant syndrome when treated for hallucinations with a very low dose of risperidone[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They stated when the medication was stopped for a brief period, the hallucinations reappeared, when the medication was restarted, the hallucinations stopped.[omicsonline.org]

  • Limbic Encephalitis

    AEDs often produce adverse effects; treatment with immunotherapies may prevent the development of LE with its potential for cerebral atrophy and cognitive impairment.[ndcn.ox.ac.uk] Though the literature supports auditory hallucinations as ictal phenomena, there are no reported cases of these hallucinations correlating with electrographic seizure for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Schott JM et al . (2003) Amnesia, cerebral atrophy, and autoimmunity . Lancet 361 : 1266 9.[nature.com]

  • Movement Disorder

    Suppression of clpb in zebrafish embryos induced a central nervous system phenotype that was consistent with cerebellar and cerebral atrophy that could be rescued by wild-type[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this review, we focus primarily on PD, in which about 30% of treated patients have visual hallucinations and 5-10% have paranoid delusions; dementia with Lewy bodies, a[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All articles were reviewed in each of the more common movement disorders and indexed in PubMed with keywords including psychosis, psychotic symptoms, antipsychotics, hallucinations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Propionic Acidemia

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain in all patients revealed delayed myelination and some cerebral atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report recurrent visual hallucinations in 2 children with propionic acidemia. Four visual hallucination events were observed in the 2 patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Findings of magnetic resonance imaging scans revealed cerebral atrophy ( Figure 1 ).[jamanetwork.com]

  • Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy

    Neuropathological examination revealed cerebral atrophy, ventricular dilation, absence of the corpus callosum, and a small hippocampus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These bodies impair nerve signals, often leading to hallucinations, dementia, and poor motor control.[hopeforkatherinebelle.com] (OMIM phenotype number #600329 ) Osteopetrosis and infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy is characterized by osteopetrosis, agenesis of the corpus callosum, cerebral atrophy and[iofbonehealth.org]

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