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1,683 Possible Causes for Cerebral Edema

  • Meningitis

    Steroids should be administered for specific indications only (IRIS or cryptococcoma with cerebral edema and risk of herniation) as routine use of steroids increases mortality[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition, the walls of the blood vessels themselves become inflamed (cerebral vasculitis), which leads to decreased blood flow and a third type of edema, "cytotoxic" edema[en.wikipedia.org] The results of cerebral angiography and a cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal.[plu.mx]

  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    This could be explained by the nature of underlying illness, presence of cerebral edema, coexisting atherosclerotic damage in major organs, and biological variation in the[annalsofian.org]

  • Acute Liver Failure

    Nevertheless, cerebral edema and ensuing brain herniation remains one of the top causes of demise in acute liver failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebral edema Brain involvement includes cerebral edema, which is the predominant cause of morbidity and fatality in acute liver failure.[symptoma.com] Cerebral edema, elevated ammonia on day 3, and higher MELD score predict the development of infection in ALF.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency

    He developed significant cerebral edema with intracranial pressures 20 mm Hg, requiring treatment with 3% saline and mannitol.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The decrease in osmolality after dialysis may have contributed to cerebral edema.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] The patient's condition deteriorated, with increasing cerebral edema over the next week, and she was declared brain dead.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Reye Syndrome

    Although cerebral edema is a nonspecific finding, it appears to be characteristic of Reye syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She died after resuscitative efforts failed, and an autopsy revealed severe cerebral edema, marked hepatic steatosis, and steatosis of the renal tubule epithelia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain done on the day of admission revealed diffuse cerebral edema and signal alterations in brainstem, bilateral thalami, medial temporal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Mountain Sickness

    In AMS , we found evidence of cerebral edema, elevated cerebral perfusion, and elevated ICP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebral hemodynamics and high altitude cerebral edema. In: Hypoxia: Women at Altitude , edited by C. S. Houston and G. Coates.[link.springer.com] In AMS, MRI studies may show a mild increase in cerebral volume, possibly reflecting minor cerebral edema.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    She was hyponatremic because of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion and, shortly after, had a seizure and developed fatal cerebral edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] edema, and seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For this reason, patients with chronic hyponatremia have relatively modest cerebral edema and do not develop brainstem herniation.[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Lead Poisoning

    edema in acute lead intoxication Particles of lead in GI tract Bands of increased density at metaphyses of tubular bones (growing bone) Metaphyses of growing bones may be[learningradiology.com] edema Hearing loss Gastrointestinal Abdominal pain Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Constipation Anorexia Metallic taste in mouth Ileus Renal Tubular damage Azotemia Gout Hematologic[learningradiology.com] […] sediment or renal biopsy Acid-fast inclusion bodies in tubular nuclei Pathognomonic for lead poisoning Free Erythrocyte Protoporphyrin (FEP) 0.6 umol/L Imaging findings Cerebral[learningradiology.com]

  • Dialysis Disequilibrium Syndrome

    We hypothesize that the patient suffered acute cerebral edema due to dialysis disequilibrium syndrome.[neurology.org] DDS is a central nervous disorder characterized by a wide variety of neurological symptoms that range from nausea and vomiting to even death due to cerebral edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Head CT-scan showed diffuse cerebral edema with effacement of basal cisterns and generalized loss of gray-white differentiation. Brain death was declared.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Urea Cycle Disorder

    However, obtaining cerebrospinal fluid by lumbar puncture carries risk in these acutely ill patients with cerebral edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] glutamine, decreased citrulline and arginine , markedly increased urine orotate Clinical features: In males, recurrent vomiting, irritability, lethargy, hyperammonemic coma, cerebral[merckmanuals.com] In patients who undergo metabolic decompensation from urea cycle disorders, cerebrospinal fluid glutamine level may be a better marker of cerebral dysfunction than blood ammonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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