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1,581 Possible Causes for Cerebral Edema

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  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    This could be explained by the nature of underlying illness, presence of cerebral edema, coexisting atherosclerotic damage in major organs, and biological variation in the[]

  • Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency

    The decrease in osmolality after dialysis may have contributed to cerebral edema.[] Mannitol has been used but may not be as effective as hypertonic saline in alleviating cerebral edema due to hyperammonemia.[] However, the patient was not recovered, as severe cerebral edema and hypoxic brain damage had already developed.[]

  • Acute Liver Failure

    Cerebral edema Brain involvement includes cerebral edema, which is the predominant cause of morbidity and fatality in acute liver failure.[] Sedation to lower cerebral metabolism and hyperosmotic agents to directly reduce cerebral edema are the cornerstones of therapy.[] Encephalopathy caused by cerebral edema accounts for 20-25% of deaths as a result of acute liver failure.[]

  • Reye Syndrome

    The majority of deaths in Reye syndrome is due to cerebral edema; thus, any signs of increased intracranial pressure precludes a poor prognosis.[] Liver dysfunction- Bleeding and poor blood clotting Cerebral edema (with increased intracranial pressure)-Lethargy progressing to coma.[] edema without inflammation or necrosis When these criteria were developed, specific testing for other conditions was not required.[]

  • Acute Mountain Sickness

    High altitude Pulmonary Edema What does HACE stand for? High altitude Cerebral Edema What does HAFE stand for?[] Some patients experience worsening of symptoms with the development of either cerebral edema (HACE - high altitude cerebral edema) and/or high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE[] However, Shah et al have described potential drugs for management of high-altitude illnesses, such as acute mountain sickness (AMS), high altitude cerebral edema, and high[]

  • Hyponatremia

    Edema Cerebral edema should be considered in all patients with either severe hyponatremia or a rapid lowering of serum sodium concentration and altered level of consciousness[] Cerebral edema occurs only in severe cases of hyponatremia.[] What strategies can we employ to minimize the risk of Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome (OSD) and cerebral edema in the emergency management of hyponatremia?[]

  • Lead Poisoning

    edema in acute lead intoxication Particles of lead in GI tract Bands of increased density at metaphyses of tubular bones (growing bone) Metaphyses of growing bones may be[] edema Hearing loss Gastrointestinal Abdominal pain Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Constipation Anorexia Metallic taste in mouth Ileus Renal Tubular damage Azotemia Gout Hematologic[] […] sediment or renal biopsy Acid-fast inclusion bodies in tubular nuclei Pathognomonic for lead poisoning Free Erythrocyte Protoporphyrin (FEP) 0.6 umol/L Imaging findings Cerebral[]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    Less frequently reported are seizures and cerebral edema.[] At external inspection, the brain showed diffuse cerebral edema and a known prior remote infarct with associated white matter track degeneration in the brainstem.[] Axial nonenhanced computed tomographic images of the head reveal hydrocephalus with subependymal edema and subtle fullness of the pons and brainstem filling the basal peripontine[]

  • Lead Encephalopathy

    […] disorder, caused by the ingestion of lead compounds and seen particularly in early childhood; it is characterized pathologically by extensive cerebral edema, status spongiosus[] The swelling increases pressure within the skull (cerebral edema), which can cause seizures, intellectual disability, paralysis, blindness, coma, and death.[] (suggesting vascular insult in cerebral injury) is seen. 6 All this can lead to edema, gliosis, hemorrhage, neuronal loss, and perivascular proteinaceous exudate. 3 Lead[]

  • Dialysis Disequilibrium Syndrome

    We hypothesize that the patient suffered acute cerebral edema due to dialysis disequilibrium syndrome.[] Cerebral edema was thus attributed to osmotic effects related to a high urea gradient between plasma and brain. [3] Diagnosis [ edit ] Clinical signs of cerebral edema, such[] While cerebral edema and increased intracranial pressure are the primary contributing factors to this syndrome and are the target of therapy, the precise mechanisms for their[]

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