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1,805 Possible Causes for Cerebral Edema

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  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    This could be explained by the nature of underlying illness, presence of cerebral edema, coexisting atherosclerotic damage in major organs, and biological variation in the[]

  • Meningitis

    TBM causes hydrocephalus, cerebral edema, increased intracranial pressure, global ischemia, and neurologic deficits, which disturb cellular metabolism and increase lactate[] In addition, the walls of the blood vessels themselves become inflamed (cerebral vasculitis), which leads to decreased blood flow and a third type of edema, "cytotoxic" edema[] The results of cerebral angiography and a cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal.[]

  • Acute Liver Failure

    Nevertheless, cerebral edema and ensuing brain herniation remains one of the top causes of demise in acute liver failure.[] Cerebral edema Brain involvement includes cerebral edema, which is the predominant cause of morbidity and fatality in acute liver failure.[] Cerebral edema, elevated ammonia on day 3, and higher MELD score predict the development of infection in ALF.[]

  • Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency

    Despite aggressive therapy for presumed late-onset OTC deficiency, the patient rapidly developed fatal cerebral edema with tonsillar herniation.[] He developed significant cerebral edema with intracranial pressures 20 mm Hg, requiring treatment with 3% saline and mannitol.[] We report on the multiorgan procurement from a donor who died of cerebral edema due to unrecognized late-onset OTC deficiency.[]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    This viral encephalitis is well known to cause severe cerebral edema and hemorrhagic necrosis with resultant increases in intracranial pressure (ICP).[] Since the patient was already on full-fledged anti-cerebral edema medications, surgical options were then considered as the second measure.[] [8] First-line : immediate IV acyclovir Second-line : foscarnet [9] Toprevent relapses following the relief of symptoms: valacyclovir Treatment of cerebral edema with proper[]

  • Reye Syndrome

    Although cerebral edema is a nonspecific finding, it appears to be characteristic of Reye syndrome.[] The child who died had autopsy evidence of cerebral edema and fatty liver.[] Acute findings are those of diffuse cerebral edema with low density in deep white matter, increased gray-white matter differentiation, and evidence of secondary ventricular[]

  • Acute Mountain Sickness

    In AMS , we found evidence of cerebral edema, elevated cerebral perfusion, and elevated ICP.[] Moreover, a relation between nitrate-induced cerebral vasodilation and high altitude cerebral edema is theoretically possible on a pathophysiological basis.[] Neurological disturbances may be present at high altitude independently of high altitude cerebral edema.[]

  • Hyponatremia

    edema, and seizures.[] She never regained consciousness and died of severe cerebral edema less than 24 hours later.[] Post-transplant seizures are uncommon in young kidney transplant recipients but can be harbingers of devastating outcomes such as cerebral edema and death.[]

  • Methanol Poisoning

    Methanol poisoning results in neurological complications including visual disturbances, bilateral putaminal hemorrhagic necrosis, parkinsonism, cerebral edema, coma, or seizures[] In 68 methanol fatalities, confusion developedfollowed by coma, hypotension, respiratory depression, and cerebral edema.[] The earliest autopsy studies on methanol poisoning have emphasized the acute changes secondary to hypoxic/ischemic injury to the gray matter, namely, cerebral edema and acute[]

  • Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    If not treated properly, patients develop hypoosmotic conditions that can lead to cerebral edema, increased intracranial pressure, and collapsed circulation.[] If not appropriately treated, the postoperative hyponatremia can cause several types of CNS and circulatory disorders such as cerebral edema, increased intracranial pressure[] Values less than 135 mEq/L lead to profound neurological symptomatology due to cerebral edema, including a diminished level of consciousness and lethargy, cephalalgia, epileptic[]

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