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568 Possible Causes for Cerebral Edema, Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality

  • Stroke

    These patients are at high risk for progressive neurologic deterioration and death due to malignant cerebral edema, and they are best cared for in the intensive care unit[] In poor flow states―which occur with thrombotic and embolic ischemic stroke, as well as with increased ICP due to cerebral edema―the cerebral vasculature loses vasoregulatory[] Managing patients with malignant cerebral infarction remains one of the foremost challenges in medicine.[]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    The neurologic morbidities, including seizure activity, motor/sensory deficit, and coma, can be seen secondary to cerebral edema, hemorrhage, or ischemia.[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[] BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mannitol is often used to reduce cerebral edema in acute intracerebral hemorrhage but without strong supporting evidence of benefit.[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    The levels of IL-1β, IL-18 and TNF-α in the CSF were especially higher in the group of aSAH patients with cerebral edema, cerebral vasospasm, and a high grade on Hunt-Hess[] […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[] It is usually due to cerebral edema .[]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    […] the vertebrobasilar vasculature may predispose the parietal occipital region to the development of cerebral edema in hypertensive encephalopathy. 1996 S.[] Both computerized tomography of the head and cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal.[] Reexamination of MRI and cerebrospinal fluid test also revealed clear improvement of the above abnormalities.[]

  • Cerebral Vein Thrombosis

    […] of venous obstruction leading to a cyclical cascade of edema and further cerebral venous obstruction.[] In our study, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) mostly showed abnormal composition and elevation of the intracranial pressure.[] Lumbar Puncture Unless there is clinical suspicion of meningitis, examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is typically not helpful in cases with focal neurological abnormalities[]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    This viral encephalitis is well known to cause severe cerebral edema and hemorrhagic necrosis with resultant increases in intracranial pressure (ICP).[] HSV-1 PCR analysis was negative in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) but positive in brain biopsies, which showed vasocentric granulomatous inflammation.[] Patients with severe herpes simplex encephalitis complicated by intracerebral hemorrhage or malignant cerebral edema should undergo aggressive medical treatment.[]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    cerebral edema, played a major role in the development of cerebral thrombosis.[] Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[] This will lead to cerebral edema with mass effect and a resultant increase of intracranial pressure.[]

  • Cerebral Malaria

    Twenty-two patients had no evidence of cerebral edema, but MRI revealed that brain volume during acute cerebral malaria was slightly greater than that during the convalescent[] Brain swelling was defined as loss of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space, small ventricles, absence of sulci, and/or compression of the perimesencephalic and chiasmatic cisterns[] The resulting increase in intracranial pressure (ICP) exacerbates cerebral edema formation, a hallmark of both murine and pediatric CM.[]

  • Bacterial Encephalitis

    edema, status epilepticus, and thrombocytopenia. [28] In contrast, a normal encephalogram at the early stages of diagnosis is associated with high rates of survival. [28][] […] impact the severity and prognosis of disease and result in an increase in healthcare expenditure. [27] Prognosis [ edit ] Identification of poor prognostic factors include cerebral[]

  • Acute Vilyuisk Encephalitis

    edema • Holoprosencephaly • Huntington's Disease • Hydranencephaly • Hydrocephalus I • Infantile Refsum Disease J • Japanese encephalitis • Joubert Syndrome K • Korsakoff's[] edema, status epilepticus, and thrombocytopenia. [28] In contrast, a normal encephalogram at the early stages of diagnosis is associated with high rates of survival. [28][] Susceptibility • Gaucher Disease • Gerstmann's Syndrome • Genetic Parkinson disease • Grand mal seizures • Grand mal epilepsy H • Head injury • Hemangioblastoma • High altitude cerebral[]

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