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115 Possible Causes for Cerebral Edema, Encephalomalacia, Headache

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] RESULTS: We report on two patients who presented with headache and mild hypertension after 4-FA use.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These patients are at high risk for progressive neurologic deterioration and death due to malignant cerebral edema, and they are best cared for in the intensive care unit[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    The headache preceding an intracranial aneurysm rupture is called a sentinel headache (SH), and it is characterized by a sudden, intense, and persistent headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The levels of IL-1β, IL-18 and TNF-α in the CSF were especially higher in the group of aSAH patients with cerebral edema, cerebral vasospasm, and a high grade on Hunt-Hess[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In Part 1 of this episode on Headache Pearls & Pitfalls – Migraine Headache & Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Dr. Anil Chopra and Dr.[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    The question frequently arises whether the neurological symptoms are caused by cerebral hemorrhages as a result of rupture of diseased vessels, encephalomalacias from thrombosis[annals.org] Three patients are described who experienced headache from hypertension: one had acute headache from acute hypertension, one had daily, morning headaches from chronic hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the vertebrobasilar vasculature may predispose the parietal occipital region to the development of cerebral edema in hypertensive encephalopathy. 1996 S.[karger.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Grade IV: multicystic encephalomalacia (18.05%), porencephaly (21.66%), posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (58.33%).[medichub.ro] Thereafter, her mental status markedly improved and her headache resolved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The neurologic morbidities, including seizure activity, motor/sensory deficit, and coma, can be seen secondary to cerebral edema, hemorrhage, or ischemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the patient’s brain showed an area of encephalomalacia in keeping with her previous surgery.[mja.com.au] A previously healthy 34-year-old Korean female presented with fever, myalgia and severe headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This viral encephalitis is well known to cause severe cerebral edema and hemorrhagic necrosis with resultant increases in intracranial pressure (ICP).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency

    He presented with parieto-occipital encephalomalacia, which resembles severe neonatal hypoglycemia on magnetic resonance imaging.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In two of those three, the occurrence of headaches was decreased.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Despite aggressive therapy for presumed late-onset OTC deficiency, the patient rapidly developed fatal cerebral edema with tonsillar herniation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Laceration

    During the operation, a laceration of the dura mater, cystic encephalomalacia with cystic herniation and unilateral ventricular dilatation was observed.[infona.pl] It can cause a headache or neck pain, nausea, ringing in the ears, dizziness, and tiredness.[icdlist.com] […] perfusion decreases leading to tissue hypoxia, a decrease in serum pH levels& an increase in CO2 level- causes cerebral vasodilation& edema- further increasing ICP.[quizlet.com]

  • Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    Abstract We report a female patient presenting with headache, fatigue, ecchymoses and recent, excessive vaginal bleeding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These included reversible cerebral edema lesions with MRI features of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS).[neurology.org] Patients may report headache, changes in vision, fever, dyspnea, and encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis

    Autopsy revealed diffuse encephalomalacia, marked perivascular chronic inflammatory changes, and focal intraparenchymal perivascular hemorrhage in the caudate nucleus and[doi.org] A short prodrome of 5 to 10 days might be present with symptoms like abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea and headache.[symptoma.com] His course in the NeuroIntensive Care Unit was complicated by cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension, requiring osmotherapy, pentobarbital and placement of an external[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Powassan Encephalitis

    MRI, however, revealed gliosis with encephalomalacia in both thalami and basal ganglia, along with volume loss and early mineralization in the left basal ganglia.[ahcmedia.com] Symptoms manifest within 7–10 days and include fever, headache, partial paralysis, confusion, nausea and even coma.[en.wikipedia.org] […] motor and verbal development on follow-up at the age of 10 months, but a head MRI showed severely abnormal brain conditions, including scarring (gliosis) and softening (encephalomalacia[en.wikipedia.org]

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