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74 Possible Causes for Cerebral Embolism, Heart Murmur, Midline Defects

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Surgical atrial septal defect treatment is performed by an open heart surgery, done using an up-and-down (vertical) incision in the midline of the chest.[] Aneurysm of the interauricular septum revealed by a cerebral embolism. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 1973; 66 :169–77. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 8.[] At the initial visit, he presented with recurrent lower respiratory infection, heart murmur, psychomotor retardation, inverted nipples, and cerebellar atrophy.[]

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    In this paper the Authors report on three patients affected by mitral valve prolapse associated with atrial septal aneurysm, one of whom complicated by a cerebral embolism[] The occurrence of total MVP tended to be higher in the group with MVI (47%, 9/19), when compared with the younger CKCS without heart murmurs (13%, 2/15, P 0.06).[] Cardiac malformations and midline skeletal defects in mice lacking filamin A. Hum Mol Genet. 2006; 15 :2457–2467. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 10.[]

  • Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    Acyanotic lesions (such as atrial or ventricular septal defects) are typically able to maintain appropriate oxygen saturations despite a left-to-right shunt.[] Infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease are at risk for cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE) from iv infusion lines.[] Auscultation findings may include tachycardic or bradycardic sounds;heart murmurs- their location, intensity, musical qualities and lack of variability with respiratory movements[]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    These blood clots may cause the blood supply to the brain (cerebral infarctions) to be interrupted temporarily.[] Another common sign of tetralogy of Fallot is a heart murmur. A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound that doctors might hear while listening to the heart.[] Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals .[]

  • Ventricular Aneurysm

    , 70% of CLVD are associated with congenital midline thoracoabdominal defects and congenital cardiac malformations. 7 The severity of the clinical manifestations of congenital[] A pericardial friction rub is also observed, together with heart murmurs and an overall decrease in the intensity of heart sounds.[] Edgett JW Jr, Nelson WP, Hall RJ, Fishback ME, Jahnke EJ (1969) Diverticulum of the heart: part of the syndrome of congenital cardiac and midline thoracic and abdominal defects[]

  • Atrial Septal Defect 9

    Keywords Atrial septal defect. Thoracotomy. Direct cannulation.[] Potential source of cerebral embolism in migraine with aura: a transcranial Doppler study. Neurology 52, 1622–1625 (1999). 6. Del Sette, M. et al.[] Often, a heart murmur is the only sign of an ASD. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[]

  • Eisenmenger Syndrome

    Abbreviation : ES, Eisenmenger syndrome; VSD, ventricular septal defects.[] Endocarditis prophylaxis is still advocated by international guidelines, in view of the increased risk of embolic events, especially cerebral abscess [ 35 ].[] heart murmurs.[]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[] embolism, and ventricular wall damage, surgical debulking becomes the mainstay of the treatment. [10] Cardiac echinococcosis should be included in the differential diagnosis[] Identification of a heart murmur (most likely pansystolic, but also ejection systolic or apical mid-diastolic) during cardiac auscultation can raise sufficient clinical suspicion[]

  • Pulmonary Atresia

    Late presentation may rarely occur, and findings may include polycythemia, clubbing, cerebral embolisms, and cerebral abscesses.[] The main sign of heart valve disease is an unusual heartbeat sound called a heart murmur. Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope.[] Midline one stage completes unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aorto pulmonary collaterals.[]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    Conclusion: The case reports on the chance finding of atrial septal aneurysm in the case of cerebral embolism.[] A murmur is a sound generated by abnormally turbulent flow of blood through the heart.[] Objective:: Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through midline sternotomy avoids the cardiopulmonary bypass, however, lacks the cosmetic advantage.[]

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