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142 Possible Causes for Cerebral Embolism, Pulmonary Systolic Murmur

  • Right Heart Endocarditis

    Increased flow across the pulmonary or aortic valve causes a midsystolic crescendo-decrescendo (ejection systolic) murmur.[msdmanuals.com] ), and embolization to the kidney (e.g., decreased urine output, hematuria); lung involvement (e.g., dyspnea, cough, egophony, hemoptysis, pleuritic pain, or friction rub)[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Murmurs Most left-to-right shunts and obstructive lesions cause systolic murmurs.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    […] vascular resistance decreases left to right shunt and converts systolic murmur in the one-sided murmur.[remedyland.com] , loudest at the fourth intercostal space, usually with a thrill, and a loud and widely split pulmonic component of S2 With fixed pulmonary hypertension, diastolic murmur[quizlet.com] Its clinical characteristics also include a systolic murmur and a palpable thrill on both sides of the chest, dyspnea and poor exercise tolerance.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    MurmursPulmonary ejection systolic murmur – Increased pulmonary flow • Tricuspid murmur – is heard over left sternal edge louder on inspiration • Graham-Steell murmur[slideshare.net] Aneurysm of the interauricular septum revealed by a cerebral embolism. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 1973; 66 :169–77. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 8.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Atrial septal aneurysm as a cause of cerebral embolism in young patients. Stroke 1988 19 408 [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 24.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Diagnosis is made by detection of a new systolic murmur, and by the documentation of giant "V-waves" on the pulmonary capillary wedge tracing.[brown.edu] […] the cerebral circulation (paradoxical embolism).[pediatrics.aappublications.org] Third and fourth heart sound, systolic murmur if mitral regurgitation or ventricular septal defect develops, pericardial rub.[patient.info]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Signs Signs of impaired myocardial function 3 rd / 4 th heart sounds Pan systolic murmur Pericardial rub Pulmonary oedema – crepitations in the lungs Hypotension Quiet first[almostadoctor.co.uk] Alternatively, a thrombus can embolize from elsewhere in the body and become lodged in the cerebral vasculature ( Caplan 2009 ).[doi.org] Third and fourth heart sound, systolic murmur if mitral regurgitation or ventricular septal defect develops, pericardial rub.[patient.info]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    […] edema and/or shock; a systolic murmur may not always be appreciated.[doi.org] […] posteromedial papillary muscle more often than anterolateral papillary muscle because of its singular blood supply. 470, 471 Acute severe mitral regurgitation is characterized by pulmonary[doi.org]

  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    Passage of microemboli from the venous circulation across the ASD (paradoxical embolization), often associated with arrhythmias, may lead to cerebral or systemic thromboembolic[babiesonline.co.za] MurmursPulmonary ejection systolic murmur – Increased pulmonary flow • Tricuspid murmur – is heard over left sternal edge louder on inspiration • Graham-Steell murmur[slideshare.net] Typically, pulmonary valve stenosis has an associated systolic ejection click, the murmur of pulmonary valve stenosis tends to be more harsh than the systolic murmur associated[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    Complications congestive heart failure sudden cardiac death from arrhythmia aortic valve regurgitation calcified cerebral embolism Heyde syndrome valvular heart disease general[radiopaedia.org] Auscultation of heart sounds reveals a harsh systolic crescendo-decrescendo murmur. The murmur, referred to as diamond shaped, is considered the hallmark of AS.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Cardiovascular examination revealed ejective systolic murmur at aortic focus /6 , irradiating to the suprasternal notch.[web.archive.org]

  • Heart Valve Disease

    Late systolic murmurs are typical of MV prolapse or papillary muscle dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgery is not indicated if complications (severe embolic cerebral damage) or comorbid conditions make the prospect of recovery remote.[ahajournals.org] With severe degenerative MR, the murmur is holosystolic, radiating into the axilla. Early systolic murmurs are typical of acute MR.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    , Ischemic Attack, Transient, Mitral Valve, Mitral Valve Insufficiency, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Pulmonary Artery, Rheumatic Heart Disease, Stroke, Stroke Volume, Syncope, Systole[acc.org] In this paper the Authors report on three patients affected by mitral valve prolapse associated with atrial septal aneurysm, one of whom complicated by a cerebral embolism[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this case, the patient developed S. intermedius, mitral valve SBE complicated by a cerebral vascular accident, and embolic occlusion of her leg.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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