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44 Possible Causes for Cerebral Gliosis, Long Tract Signs

  • Lacunar Infarction

    […] and atrophy of cerebral white matter.[] Microscopically there is also a temporal evolution of cerebral infarcts.[] Chronic edema in perivascular areas could stimulate gliosis.[]

  • Brain Abscess

    Candida species are more prevalent and can cause micro-abscesses and even a diffuse nodular gliosis pattern of disease.[] Cerebral aspergillosis warrants mention in discussion of the neutropenic host, and brain involvement may occur in up to 20% of invasive disease.[]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Cranial MRI showed a single, 4 cm mass associated with perilesional edema, contrast enhancement, and sometimes a shift of the contiguous cerebral tissue.[] Each of these 9 patients had biopsy-proven demyelination, with relative preservation of axons and variable degrees of macrophage infiltration and reactive gliosis.[]

  • Malignant Glioma

    […] child who has a subacute disorder of the central nervous system that produces cranial nerve abnormalities (especially of cranial nerve VII and the lower bulbar nerves), long-tract[] signs, unsteady gait secondary to spasticity, and some behavioral changes is most likely to have a pontine glioma. [6] Causes [ edit ] The exact causes of gliomas are not[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is one of the most common forms of motor neuron diseases. It is also known as “Lou Gehrig's disease”, after a well-known baseball player in New York. The hallmark of the disease is a mixed upper and lower motor neuropathy that is progressive over time. The upper motor signs[…][]

  • Astrocytoma of the Brain

    Astrocytomas are the most common type of primary brain tumour within the group of brain tumours called gliomas. Primary means they have originated from the brain instead of spreading from elsewhere. About one third of all brain tumours diagnosed in the UK are astrocytomas. They grow from a type of cell in the[…][]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    Autopsy case of hereditary spastic paraplegia with thin corpus callosum showing severe gliosis in the cerebral white matter.[] […] in the cerebral white matter.[] : the corticospinal tracts, thalamus, cerebral white matter, substantia nigra, cerebellum, anterior and lateral corticospinal tracts, spinocerebellar tracts, and posterior[]

  • Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy

    (deep cerebral white matter imaging changes due to axonal destruction), mild gliosis, and demyelination.[36] Other relevant MRI changes are localized convexity subarachnoid[] He scored 3/30 on his mini mental status examination (MMSE) [3] and there were no long tract signs.[] CAA is also associated with cerebral ischaemic damage, 17 26 67 68 including cortical microinfarcts, 69 and white matter pathology (demyelination and gliosis). 8 17 62 Microinfarcts[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Sensory Ataxia

    Microscopically, there were occasional swollen axons within the cerebral cortex and deep nuclei, particularly the subthalamic nucleus, with no neuronal loss, gliosis or microglial[] […] such as dysphagia due to lower cranial nerve involvement, facial nerve palsies, Horners syndrome, vertigo /- hearing loss, and pyramidal long tract signs see the appendix[] […] sensation on one side of the face and on the opposite side of the body are common in patients with a brainstem lesion; involvement of the brainstem is also suggested by signs[]

  • Maternally-Inherited Diabetes and Deafness

    The white-matter signal changes and cerebral/cerebellar atrophy noted on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are likely due to gliosis and neuronal loss; they coincide with tissue[] Moreover, our 2 patients did not have long-tract sensory signs, and the only sensory abnormality found was decreased pin prick in a stocking distribution in Patient 1.[]

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