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26 Possible Causes for Cerebral Vasculitis or Vasculopathy, Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Memory Impairment

  • Stroke

    ), noninflammatory vasculopathy, Moyamoya disease and fibromuscular dysplasia.[en.wikipedia.org] Memory impairments are common after stroke, and the anatomical basis for impairments may be quite variable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] new information memory problems Effects of a stroke in the cerebellum: The cerebellum is located beneath and behind the cerebrum towards the back of the skull.[web.archive.org]

  • Varicella-Zoster Virus Encephalitis

    HZV vasculopathy may involve large vessels in immunocompetent patients, ranging from necrotizing granulomatous arteritis to chronic vasculitis and thrombosis of cerebral vessels[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com] Electroencephalography abnormalities, compatible CSF results, and exclusion of other causes of encephalitis then supported the diagnosis. 23 Cerebrospinal fluid viral culture[journals.lww.com] Memory impairment in HZE was not as global or as severe as is described after encephalitis due to herpes simplex virus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    Delayed cerebral thrombosis may occur in patients with excellent recovery from pneumococcal meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[pmj.bmj.com] Depending on the region of the brain affected, a stroke can cause paralysis, loss of vision, speech impairment, memory loss and reasoning ability, coma, or death.[minddisorders.com]

  • Susac Syndrome

    Cerebral angiography suggested vasculitis in the younger patient.[n.neurology.org] Cerebrospinal fluid was abnormal in 5 patients showing pleocytosis (mean, 24.6; range, 6-85 cells/mL) and elevated protein level (mean, 210; range, 113-365 mg/dL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It consists of a clinical triad of: acute or subacute encephalopathy which could manifest in a broad spectrum of symptoms, e.g. memory impairment, confusion, behavioral disturbances[radiopaedia.org]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Delayed cerebral thrombosis may occur in patients with excellent recovery from pneumococcal meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in bacterial meningitis include a markedly increased opening pressure ( 180 mm H 2 O), increased presence of white blood cells (normal: 0[path.upmc.edu] In the meningitis group, there was no difference between training and test sessions, demonstrating impairment of aversive memory.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lupus Encephalitis

    The terms cerebritis and vasculitis are well embedded in the literature and will be used in this article, keeping in mind the evolving understanding of the underlying processes[emedicine.medscape.com] Investigations Physical examination, fundoscopic examination, laboratory tests for metabolic abnormalities, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, microbiology and serologic testing[nature.com] Cognitive Dysfunction The most common manifestation of neuro-lupus is cognitive dysfunction, which is characterized by clouded thinking, confusion, and impaired memory.[hopkinslupus.org]

  • Primary Central Nervous System Vasculitis

    However, there is little histological support for lupus cerebritis, and cerebral vasculitis in SLE is uncommon. Vasculopathy on the other hand is seen often in SLE.[rheumatologyadvisor.com] Clinical data obtained in prospectively collected standardized assessments and results of laboratory tests, including detection of cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities, were[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cognitive Dysfunction Lupus patients may, at some points in their life, feel confused, have difficulty expressing themselves, and discover some memory impairment, all associated[verywell.com]

  • Herpes Zoster

    ), which is secondary to infection of cerebral arteries and a granulomatous vasculitis Disseminated zoster with visceral involvement of virtually any organ How should I identify[infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com] Electroencephalography abnormalities, compatible CSF results, and exclusion of other causes of encephalitis then supported the diagnosis. 23 Cerebrospinal fluid viral culture[journals.lww.com] Moreover, spinal cord lesions are caused by vasculopathy, such as damage to the anterior spinal artery due to vasculitis, similar to cerebral infarction after herpes zoster[intechopen.com]

  • Thunderclap Headache

    […] and stenosis) suggestive of underlying vasculopathy or vasculitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both computerized tomography of the head and cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Short-term memory impairment in an alert patient as a presentation of herpes simplex encephalitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pediatric Arterial Ischemic Stroke

    Examples include: moyamoya disease sickle cell disease fibromuscular dysplasias arterial dissections vasculitis post-radiation vasculopathy Blood disorders.[childneurologyfoundation.org] ., coma, vegetative states, minimally conscious state), impairments of attention and processing speed, memory impairment, and executive dysfunction, although disorders of[internationalbrain.org] […] cases may present in this fashion Sudden onset of any of the following: Hemi-body paresis or paralysis Neglect (hemibody, hemi-spatial) Difficulty with speech, swallowing Memory[educatehealth.ca]

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