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18 Possible Causes for Cerebral Vasculitis or Vasculopathy, Cerebrospinal Fluid Protein Increased

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    Delayed cerebral thrombosis may occur in patients with excellent recovery from pneumococcal meningitis.[] Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[] We identified 5 meningitis cases with delayed vasculopathy in the literature, but these patients did not exactly resemble the clinical course of our patients.[]

  • Herpes Zoster

    ), which is secondary to infection of cerebral arteries and a granulomatous vasculitis Disseminated zoster with visceral involvement of virtually any organ How should I identify[] Moreover, spinal cord lesions are caused by vasculopathy, such as damage to the anterior spinal artery due to vasculitis, similar to cerebral infarction after herpes zoster[] […] oticus with hearing loss Transverse myelitis Encephalitis, which usually occurs in immunocompromised individuals Gullian-Barre syndrome Cranial nerve palsies Stroke (VZV vasculopathy[]

  • Stroke

    ), noninflammatory vasculopathy, Moyamoya disease and fibromuscular dysplasia.[] Small vessel disease involves the smaller arteries inside the brain: branches of the circle of Willis, middle cerebral artery, stem, and arteries arising from the distal vertebral[] […] tightening of the artery), aortic, carotid or vertebral artery dissection, various inflammatory diseases of the blood vessel wall (Takayasu arteritis, giant cell arteritis, vasculitis[]

  • Lupus Encephalitis

    The terms cerebritis and vasculitis are well embedded in the literature and will be used in this article, keeping in mind the evolving understanding of the underlying processes[] fluid (CSF), protein may be elevated and there may be an increase in the number of mononuclear cells.[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evaluation revealed elevated proteins (84 mg/dL) with increased globulins, lymphocytic pleocytosis (total cells: 135/µL, White blood cells: 60 cells[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Delayed cerebral thrombosis may occur in patients with excellent recovery from pneumococcal meningitis.[] In individuals with meningitis, CSF often shows low sugar along with an increased protein and increased white blood cell count CSF culture and Gram stain: The cerebrospinal[] […] number of monocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) compared with seronegative cases.(40) Glucose and protein concentrations and the total white blood cell counts were similar[]

  • Varicella-Zoster Virus Encephalitis

    HZV vasculopathy may involve large vessels in immunocompetent patients, ranging from necrotizing granulomatous arteritis to chronic vasculitis and thrombosis of cerebral vessels[] […] vessels, suggestive of vasculitis [ 5 ].[] Cerebral angiography in a patient of HZV encephalitis reported by Jain et al . revealed multiple short segments of narrowing and beading involving the small- and medium-sized[]

  • AIDS-associated Meningoencephalitis

    Cerebral vasculitis, particularly that due to VZV or syphilitic arteritis, as well as vasculopathies due to chronic meningitis, or amphetamine or cocaine use, may cause thrombotic[] Based on a case control study, this incidence is less than that among age-matched young adults with other terminal illnesses.(102) Among patients with advanced HIV disease, cerebral[]

  • Vasculitis

    […] venous thrombosis Laboratory Pathology: Vasculopathy Perivascular inflammation Systemic or CNS Association with: HLA-B51 CSF Abnormal in 75%: Especially with parenchymal[] A lumbal punction was performed and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was examined.[] […] inmvolvement High: Cells, Protein, IL-6 Pathergy Cryoglobulinemia Drugs & Vasculitis : Amphetamine; Cocaine; Heroin; Ephedrine; Phenylpropanolamine Most drug-induced vasculitis[]

  • Other Specified Degenerative Diseases of the Nervous System

    Primary small vessel cerebral vasculitis usually shows chronic or sub-acute asymmetrical neurological progression (2).[] Laboratory examina-tions reveal in most cases liver dysfunction and increased cerebrospinal fluid protein. There are no findings suggestive of a mitochondrial disorder.[] Cerebrospinal fluid contained an increased amount of protein.[]

  • Susac Syndrome

    Cerebral angiography suggested vasculitis in the younger patient.[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis showed only mild pleocytosis and protein increase, fundus oculi examination a retinal vascular occlusion in the superior temporal regions[] In approximately 45% of Susac syndrome cases, cerebrospinal fluid shows mild pleocytosis [16] ; unspecific increased protein level as we found in this case, which was also[]

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