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14 Possible Causes for Cerebral Vasculitis or Vasculopathy, Cranial Nerve Palsy, Subacute Clinical Course

  • Lupus Encephalitis

    The terms cerebritis and vasculitis are well embedded in the literature and will be used in this article, keeping in mind the evolving understanding of the underlying processes[emedicine.medscape.com] Neurologic manifestations can be nonspecific such as headaches and irritability, focal for example cranial nerve palsy and a cerebrovascular event or lastly psychiatric and[omicsonline.org] Peripheral neuropathy ( carpal tunnel syndrome, for example) occurs in more than 20% of systemic lupus patients and cranial nerve palsies occur in 10-15%. [5] Causes Lupus[ipfs.io]

  • Kawasaki Disease

    cerebral arteries.[web.archive.org] Cranial nerve palsies are seen rarely, and abducens nerve palsy has been reported in only three children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] presentation of KD varies over time, with the clinical course conventionally divided into 3 stages: acute, subacute, and convalescent (see the image below).[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Stroke

    ), noninflammatory vasculopathy, Moyamoya disease and fibromuscular dysplasia.[en.wikipedia.org] The first in the right facial colliculus causing right sixth and seventh cranial nerves' palsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Presence of clinical features such as Horner's syndrome, Brown-Sequard syndrome and the absence of cranial nerve palsies in acute hemiparesis are indicative of SSEH rather[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Vasculitis

    […] venous thrombosis Laboratory Pathology: Vasculopathy Perivascular inflammation Systemic or CNS Association with: HLA-B51 CSF Abnormal in 75%: Especially with parenchymal[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] Additional ophthalmic manifestations include isolated cotton-wool spots, cranial-nerve palsies, ocular hypotony, and pupillary abnormalities. 2 To detect these conditions,[dx.doi.org] […] inmvolvement High: Cells, Protein, IL-6 Pathergy Cryoglobulinemia Drugs & Vasculitis : Amphetamine; Cocaine; Heroin; Ephedrine; Phenylpropanolamine Most drug-induced vasculitis[neuromuscular.wustl.edu]

  • Sarcoidosis

    Although sarcoid is well recognized to affect the central nervous system, it is unusual in the form of cerebral vasculitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Berylliosis " Other manifestations include hepatic granulomas, granulomatous uveitis, polyarthritis, cardiac symptoms (including angina, CHF, and conduction abnormalities), cranial-nerve[smartypance.com] The disease is extremely heterogeneous with an unpredictable clinical course.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    Sickle cell disease Eclampsia or postpartum vasculopathy Infection Vasculitis Neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage Trauma In younger patients, vascular malformations, specifically[en.wikipedia.org] In its localized form, patients present with Weber syndrome (crossed third cranial nerve palsy and hemiparesis) 43.[ispub.com] Cerebellar ICH may present with limb ataxia, ipsilateral gaze palsy, cranial nerve deficits such as an abducens or peripheral facial palsy, and nonspecific symptoms like headache[intechopen.com]

  • Cerebral Angiitis

    However, there is little histological support for lupus cerebritis, and cerebral vasculitis in SLE is uncommon. Vasculopathy on the other hand is seen often in SLE.[rheumatologyadvisor.com] nerves palsy.[thedailystar.net] The time course pattern of CNS angiitis is also highly variable and the onset of symptoms may be either acute, subacute or chronic, regardless of the specific syndrome.[em-consulte.com]

  • Cranial Neuropathy

    VZV is more frequently causative of cerebral vasculitis and mixed large and small artery involvement is usual. 6 Multifocal vasculopathy mostly occurs in immunocompromised[acnr.co.uk] The syndrome consists of headache, facial pain and diplopia preceding the onset of cranial nerve palsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Our patient likely has an aseptic meningitis given the subacute clinical course.[brainwaves.me]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Delayed cerebral thrombosis may occur in patients with excellent recovery from pneumococcal meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For hospitalized patients with documented penicillin-sensitive (MIC In patients with atypical presentations (eg, diffuse infiltrates, subacute clinical course) or a nondiagnostic[hivinsite.ucsf.edu] We identified 5 meningitis cases with delayed vasculopathy in the literature, but these patients did not exactly resemble the clinical course of our patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • AIDS-associated Meningoencephalitis

    Cerebral vasculitis, particularly that due to VZV or syphilitic arteritis, as well as vasculopathies due to chronic meningitis, or amphetamine or cocaine use, may cause thrombotic[hivinsite.ucsf.edu] Pupils were equally reactive and there were no cranial nerve palsies.[elsevier.es] J Assoc Physicians India May 24, 2000 ... clinical course and outcome of cryptococcal meningitis (CM) in patients with acquired ...[aidshivresearch.com]

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