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14 Possible Causes for Cerebral Vasculitis or Vasculopathy, Cranial Nerve Palsy, Subacute Clinical Course

  • Lupus Encephalitis

    The terms cerebritis and vasculitis are well embedded in the literature and will be used in this article, keeping in mind the evolving understanding of the underlying processes[] Neurologic manifestations can be nonspecific such as headaches and irritability, focal for example cranial nerve palsy and a cerebrovascular event or lastly psychiatric and[] Peripheral neuropathy ( carpal tunnel syndrome, for example) occurs in more than 20% of systemic lupus patients and cranial nerve palsies occur in 10-15%. [5] Causes Lupus[]

  • Kawasaki Disease

    cerebral arteries.[] Cranial nerve palsies are seen rarely, and abducens nerve palsy has been reported in only three children.[] […] presentation of KD varies over time, with the clinical course conventionally divided into 3 stages: acute, subacute, and convalescent (see the image below).[]

  • Stroke

    ), noninflammatory vasculopathy, Moyamoya disease and fibromuscular dysplasia.[] The first in the right facial colliculus causing right sixth and seventh cranial nerves' palsy.[] Presence of clinical features such as Horner's syndrome, Brown-Sequard syndrome and the absence of cranial nerve palsies in acute hemiparesis are indicative of SSEH rather[]

  • Vasculitis

    […] venous thrombosis Laboratory Pathology: Vasculopathy Perivascular inflammation Systemic or CNS Association with: HLA-B51 CSF Abnormal in 75%: Especially with parenchymal[] Additional ophthalmic manifestations include isolated cotton-wool spots, cranial-nerve palsies, ocular hypotony, and pupillary abnormalities. 2 To detect these conditions,[] […] inmvolvement High: Cells, Protein, IL-6 Pathergy Cryoglobulinemia Drugs & Vasculitis : Amphetamine; Cocaine; Heroin; Ephedrine; Phenylpropanolamine Most drug-induced vasculitis[]

  • Sarcoidosis

    Although sarcoid is well recognized to affect the central nervous system, it is unusual in the form of cerebral vasculitis.[] Berylliosis " Other manifestations include hepatic granulomas, granulomatous uveitis, polyarthritis, cardiac symptoms (including angina, CHF, and conduction abnormalities), cranial-nerve[] The disease is extremely heterogeneous with an unpredictable clinical course.[]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    Sickle cell disease Eclampsia or postpartum vasculopathy Infection Vasculitis Neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage Trauma In younger patients, vascular malformations, specifically[] In its localized form, patients present with Weber syndrome (crossed third cranial nerve palsy and hemiparesis) 43.[] Cerebellar ICH may present with limb ataxia, ipsilateral gaze palsy, cranial nerve deficits such as an abducens or peripheral facial palsy, and nonspecific symptoms like headache[]

  • Cerebral Angiitis

    However, there is little histological support for lupus cerebritis, and cerebral vasculitis in SLE is uncommon. Vasculopathy on the other hand is seen often in SLE.[] nerves palsy.[] The time course pattern of CNS angiitis is also highly variable and the onset of symptoms may be either acute, subacute or chronic, regardless of the specific syndrome.[]

  • Cranial Neuropathy

    VZV is more frequently causative of cerebral vasculitis and mixed large and small artery involvement is usual. 6 Multifocal vasculopathy mostly occurs in immunocompromised[] The syndrome consists of headache, facial pain and diplopia preceding the onset of cranial nerve palsy.[] Our patient likely has an aseptic meningitis given the subacute clinical course.[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Delayed cerebral thrombosis may occur in patients with excellent recovery from pneumococcal meningitis.[] For hospitalized patients with documented penicillin-sensitive (MIC In patients with atypical presentations (eg, diffuse infiltrates, subacute clinical course) or a nondiagnostic[] We identified 5 meningitis cases with delayed vasculopathy in the literature, but these patients did not exactly resemble the clinical course of our patients.[]

  • AIDS-associated Meningoencephalitis

    Cerebral vasculitis, particularly that due to VZV or syphilitic arteritis, as well as vasculopathies due to chronic meningitis, or amphetamine or cocaine use, may cause thrombotic[] Pupils were equally reactive and there were no cranial nerve palsies.[] J Assoc Physicians India May 24, 2000 ... clinical course and outcome of cryptococcal meningitis (CM) in patients with acquired ...[]

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