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682 Possible Causes for Cerebral Vasculitis or Vasculopathy, Pseudodementia, Subacute Clinical Course

  • Stroke

    ), noninflammatory vasculopathy, Moyamoya disease and fibromuscular dysplasia.[en.wikipedia.org] Small vessel disease involves the smaller arteries inside the brain: branches of the circle of Willis, middle cerebral artery, stem, and arteries arising from the distal vertebral[en.wikipedia.org] […] tightening of the artery), aortic, carotid or vertebral artery dissection, various inflammatory diseases of the blood vessel wall (Takayasu arteritis, giant cell arteritis, vasculitis[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Lupus Encephalitis

    The terms cerebritis and vasculitis are well embedded in the literature and will be used in this article, keeping in mind the evolving understanding of the underlying processes[emedicine.medscape.com] Inflammatory and noninflammatory SLE vasculopathies may be clinically indistinguishable.[emedicine.medscape.com] Chronic effects of immune complex deposition offer one potential mechanism for SLE vasculopathy; cytokine-mediated effects on vascular endothelium or local brain parenchyma[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Brain Abscess

    The incidence of brain abscess is higher among immunosuppressed patients. We report a case of a brain abscess in the temporal lobe in a patient under treatment with adalimumab and methotrexate, who developed radiological worsening. Clinical remission was essential to suspect Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Cerebral Vasculitis or Vasculopathy
  • Cerebral Angiitis

    However, there is little histological support for lupus cerebritis, and cerebral vasculitis in SLE is uncommon. Vasculopathy on the other hand is seen often in SLE.[rheumatologyadvisor.com] The time course pattern of CNS angiitis is also highly variable and the onset of symptoms may be either acute, subacute or chronic, regardless of the specific syndrome.[em-consulte.com] vasculopathy) producing symptoms by vasoconstriction rather than vasculitis. 21 Differentiation is crucial because immunosuppressive therapy beyond a short course of prednisone[the-rheumatologist.org]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    Delayed cerebral thrombosis may occur in patients with excellent recovery from pneumococcal meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We identified 5 meningitis cases with delayed vasculopathy in the literature, but these patients did not exactly resemble the clinical course of our patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Autopsies, performed in 2 patients, showed infarctions predominantly involving the posterior circulation territory, thrombosis in penetrating arteries, but no evidence of vasculitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Subacute Clinical Course
  • Sarcoidosis

    Although sarcoid is well recognized to affect the central nervous system, it is unusual in the form of cerebral vasculitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The disease is extremely heterogeneous with an unpredictable clinical course.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case illustrates the intracranial vasculopathy as a rare complication of sarcoidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Pseudodementia
  • Vasculitis

    […] venous thrombosis Laboratory Pathology: Vasculopathy Perivascular inflammation Systemic or CNS Association with: HLA-B51 CSF Abnormal in 75%: Especially with parenchymal[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] […] inmvolvement High: Cells, Protein, IL-6 Pathergy Cryoglobulinemia Drugs & Vasculitis : Amphetamine; Cocaine; Heroin; Ephedrine; Phenylpropanolamine Most drug-induced vasculitis[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] Distribution Symmetric, or Mononeuritis multiplex Legs Arms Pathology: Axon loss Course: Chronic; Relapsing Treatment Brain disease: Corticosteroids often effective Manage cerebral[neuromuscular.wustl.edu]

    Missing: Pseudodementia
  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    Sickle cell disease Eclampsia or postpartum vasculopathy Infection Vasculitis Neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage Trauma In younger patients, vascular malformations, specifically[en.wikipedia.org] […] amyloid angiopathy Intracranial neoplasm Coagulopathy Hemorrhagic transformation of an ischemic stroke Cerebral venous thrombosis Sympathomimetic drug abuse Moyamoya disease[en.wikipedia.org] […] ipsilateral sensory loss, gaze paresis, skew deviation, miosis, or decreased level of consciousness Causes [ edit ] Hypertension Arteriovenous malformation Aneurysm rupture Cerebral[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Pseudodementia
  • Postconcussive Syndrome

    McEvoy JPWells CE Conversion pseudodementia. J Clin Psychiatry. 1979;40447- 449 Google Scholar 79. Cicerone KD Pseudodementia after mild traumatic brain injury.[doi.org] 77 and conversion pseudodementia 70, 78, 79 are terms that have been used to describe the cognitive impairment seen in persistently symptomatic patients with depression as[doi.org] […] concentration and high-level cognition. 22, 66 Depression is also known to disrupt cognitive functions, including concentration, attention, memory, and executive function. 76 Pseudodementia[doi.org]

    Missing: Cerebral Vasculitis or Vasculopathy
  • Drug-induced Dementia

    Overview Drug-induced dementias fall under the broad category of pseudodementias, which differentiates them from dementias associated with degenerative neurologic disorders[medlink.com] The diagnosis of delirium is clinical. The following features may be present: Usually acute or subacute presentation. Fluctuating course.[patient.info] Cholesterol-lowering drugs and any medication with a side effect of cognitive impairment (antihistamines, muscle relaxants, antibiotics, etc.) can also cause pseudodementia[arborpl.com]

    Missing: Cerebral Vasculitis or Vasculopathy