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1,357 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[pmj.bmj.com] Lumbar Puncture Unless there is clinical suspicion of meningitis, examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is typically not helpful in cases with focal neurological abnormalities[stroke.ahajournals.org] Abnormalities are found in up to 84% of cases and include raised CSF pressure, increased protein content, the presence of red blood cells and pleocytosis. 5 Nevertheless,[pmj.bmj.com]

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

    […] immune signatures in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid [ 16, 17 ].[dx.doi.org] […] immune signatures in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid [ 16 , 17 ].[microbiomejournal.biomedcentral.com] Abnormal immune activation can be caused by translocation of microbes from an inflamed gut [ 18 ].[dx.doi.org]

  • Stroke

    Spasticity is a common issue in chronic stroke. To date, no study has reported the long-term (up to 1 year) outcomes of Fu's subcutaneous needling in combination with constraint-induced movement therapy in chronic stroke. This report describes the successful addition of acupuncture on spasticity and arm function[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We report a 49-year-old woman with a history of progressive gait disturbance, white matter disease, and cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin abnormalities who met criteria for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A history of exacerbation and remission of symptoms and the presence of greater than normal amounts of protein in cerebrospinal fluid are characteristic.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Results of a polymerase chain reaction assay of the cerebrospinal fluid were positive for HSV-1. His course was complicated by 2 episodes of cerebral hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment Treatment includes surgically measuring and correcting pressure on the brain by inserting a tube and draining excess blood and the cerebrospinal fluid that normally[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Meningitis

    fluid abnormalities.[content.nejm.org] […] puncture, because the study medication was administered before or with the first dose of antibiotics and the inclusion of patients in the study depended on the presence of cerebrospinal[content.nejm.org]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was abnormal in all cases analyzed (five of six) but CSF cytology was definitive in only 3.[n.neurology.org] Cibas ES, Malkin MG, Posner JB, Melamed MR: Detection of DNA abnormalities by flow cytometry in cells from cerebrospinal fluid.[link.springer.com] fluid.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] fluid or xanthochromia in any tube of cerebrospinal fluid collected considered abnormal.[bmj.com] Hydrocephalus General information: Acute hydrocephalus, an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, occurs in 15 percent of patients with SAH.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Lyme Meningoencephalitis

    Moderate pleocytosis and increased albumin can be found in the cerebrospinal fluid; abnormalities in the thalamus, cerebellum, and brainstem in MRI may be shown as well.[columbia-lyme.org] fluid abnormalities in the form of lymphocytic pleocytosis indicating blood-brain barrier damage.[lyme-symptoms.com] In such instances, results of cerebrospinal fluid testing will be abnormal, exhibiting lymphocytosis and an elevated protein level.[jaoa.org]

  • Myelitis

    She had a low-grade fever and headache without other clinical neurological abnormalities while at our hospital. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed mononuclear pleocytosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Results: The diagnosis was supported by abnormal MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in 52 patients (82.5%) and suspected in the remaining either because of a spinal[nature.com] Other laboratory tests indicated no apparent abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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