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985 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Coma

  • Stroke

    Sutter R, Kaplan PW (2012) Electroencephalographic patterns in coma: when things slow down. Epileptologie 29: 201–209. 27.[] Ischemic stroke with coma Ischemic stroke without coma Ischemic stroke wo coma Lacunar infarction Lacunar stroke Left anterior cerebral artery occlusion w stroke Left anterior[] […] following: breathing and heart functions body temperature control balance and coordination weakness or paralysis in all four limbs chewing, swallowing, and speaking vision coma[]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Alpha-frequency coma (AC) is a rare finding in comatose patients and is generally associated with a poor prognosis.[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[] One hour after admission, his Glasgow Coma Scale fell from 14 to 11. We performed an echo-guided stereotaxic removal of the hematoma.[]

  • Meningitis

    Low Glasgow Coma Scale at admission was significantly associated with worse neurological outcome (P[] fluid abnormalities.[] Sequelae were asociated with coma, alterations in CT scan, seizures and hypoglycorrhachia.[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    The administration of midodrine relieved the hypotension, and postprandial coma was no longer observed.[] […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[] The objective of this study is to compare the predictive values of simplified acute physiology score (SAPS) 3, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), and Glasgow Coma[]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Postoperative data obtained included Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), and follow-up period.[] Possible complications include: Brain herniation (severe pressure on the brain that causes coma or death) Permanent brain damage Persistent symptoms or seizures If symptoms[] On postoperative day 4, the patient was noted to be unconscious with Glasgow Coma Scale score of 10 (E2V3M5).[]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    This case report describes a 59-year-old male who presented with headaches, seizures and hypertension followed by coma.[] Both computerized tomography of the head and cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal.[] (hepatic coma), psychiatric changes of varying degree, flapping tremor, and fetor hepaticus.[]

  • Postinfectious Encephalomyelitis

    […] symptoms of ADEM appear rapidly, beginning with encephalitis-like symptoms such as fever, fatigue, headache, nausea and vomiting, and in the most severe cases, seizures and coma[] In a situation where nonspecific cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities and MRI evidence of white matter lesions are present, it is important that other inflammatory demyelinating[] Lumbar puncture The brain and spinal cord are surrounded by a clear liquid called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Five of 15 variables tested were strongly associated with poor outcome (CSF culture positivity, CSF white blood cell count, hemoglobin, Glasgow Coma Scale, and pulse rate)[] After medication with meropenem was started, the clinical symptoms completely disappeared, and the abnormalities on cerebrospinal fluid examination resolved.[] The central nervous system effects can be very mild and produce symptoms no worse than a headache, or they can be very severe and result in coma or death.[]

  • Lupus Encephalitis

    Assessment of serum electrolytes is essential in patients presenting with confusion or coma to exclude electrolyte imbalance as the underlying etiology.[] Investigations Physical examination, fundoscopic examination, laboratory tests for metabolic abnormalities, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, microbiology and serologic testing[] Figure 2 Relationship between cerebrospinal fluid IL-6 and abnormal MRI findings in diffuse neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus.[]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    […] manifestations of fat embolism syndrome can be highly variable and non-specific: the symptoms spectrum includes headache, lethargy, irritability, delirium, stupor, convulsions, or coma[] Her blood pressure was 88/55 mmHg and she had a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of E1V1M4; she presented no nuchal rigidity.[]

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