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25 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Dementia, Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity

  • Stroke

    Stroke is a strong, independent, and potentially modifiable risk factor for all-cause dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In most cases, it occurs in a rhythmic and intermittent manner, and the most commonly and important types are frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) ( Fig 2[scielo.br] We increase understanding of the causes of cerebrovascular disease and improve the prevention of stroke and vascular dementia in routine clinical practice.[ndcn.ox.ac.uk]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    OBJECTIVE: To review the complex pathogenesis of the subdural membrane and the link between head trauma, dementia, and dural lymphatics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dementia in a subdural hematoma can be sometimes mistakenly confused with incipient Alzheimer's disease .[health-tutor.com] An initial misdiagnosis of dementia is particularly common in elderly patients where symptoms involved a steady decline in overall mental function.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[merckmanuals.com] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[thefreelibrary.com] Location - Parafalcine (arising the meningeal layer between the hemispheres of the brain) Common Symptoms - Seizures, lower extremity weakness, headache, personality changes, dementia[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Neurosyphilis

    A diagnosis of neurosyphilis should be considered in patients with serologic evidence of syphilis and one or more of the following cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities; mononuclear[omicsonline.org] Neurosyphilis should not be overlooked as an etiology for progressive dementia even in this post-antibiotic era.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in patients with syphilis: association with clinical and laboratory features.[link.springer.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Methods: A Finnish family with dementia in four generations and with frequent co-occurrence of dementia and intracerebral hemorrhage was identified.[neurology.org] The prevention of dementia and preserving cognitive function are also important in stroke patients, but its strategy is not established yet.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    The cerebrospinal fluid can also be analyzed for abnormal proteins, chemicals, and cells.[emedicinehealth.com] The neurological disease complex associated with virus infection occurs in a large proportion of infected patients and is commonly referred to as HIV-1 associated dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] patterns, e.g., frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA), or spikes and sharp waves as well as spike-wave discharges in temporal regions. [37] In hyponatremia[neurologyindia.com]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED ARTICLE Reviewed on 12/11/2018 Dementia Slideshow Pictures Take the ADHD Quiz Brain Foods Slideshow[medicinenet.com] fluid or xanthochromia in any tube of cerebrospinal fluid collected considered abnormal.[bmj.com]

  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

    Diagnosis of PML was done on basis of clinical and radiological abnormalities highly suggestive of the condition, with or without confirmation of JCV DNA in the cerebrospinal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 53-year-old man was admitted for sub-acute progressive dementia and Gerstmann syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical manifestations include dementia; ataxia; visual disturbances; and other focal neurologic deficits, generally progressing to a vegetative state within 6 months.[icd10data.com]

  • Neurodegenerative Disorder

    Additionally, tremor ophthalmologic abnormalities, sensory deficits, short stature, hypogonadism, elevated cerebrospinal fluid protein, and absent or prolonged somatosensory[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Study population Adults referred with clinical diagnoses of frontotemporal dementia, motor neuron disorder, or related adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder.[clinicaltrials.gov] Cognitive decline with age and neurodegenerative disorder with dementia are now rising.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalopathy

    fluid.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is also associated with the development of dementia.[alz.org] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination showed only increased content. Imaging with CT and MRI of the brain did not reveal any abnormalities, and funduscopy was normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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