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23 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Diplopia, Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity

  • Stroke

    The symptoms improved after forced diuresis, but 5.5 h later progression was observed, and the patient developed diplopia and dysphagia in addition to her initial symptoms[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In most cases, it occurs in a rhythmic and intermittent manner, and the most commonly and important types are frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) ( Fig 2[scielo.br] He developed headache, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, diplopia, dizziness, and ataxia following the procedure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] consciousness, and elevated BP 160/100 Also consider the following signs: stroke‐like symptoms, seizure or 3rd cranial nerve palsy from mass effect, 6th cranial nerve palsy with diplopia[emergencymedicinecases.com] […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other manifestations include dizziness, visual impairment, diplopia, and orbital pain.[symptoma.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    […] may include the following: Papilledema, which is more prevalent with pediatric brain tumors, reflects an increase in intracranial pressure (ICP) of several days or longer Diplopia[emedicine.medscape.com] For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[merckmanuals.com] Craniopharyngioma typically presents with diplopia, vision loss, headache, and short stature. [17] Karavitaki N, Cudlip S, Adams CB, et al. Craniopharyngiomas.[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    A 40-year-old woman with aplastic anemia visited our hospital because of severe headache, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision and diplopia for a period of 1 month.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptoms gradually worsened, and on the day of presentation to an outside hospital emergency department, the patient complained of nausea, vomiting, and diplopia.[ajnr.org] […] gas-powered BB or pellet guns, 10 of the children required surgery, and 6 were left with permanent neurologic injuries, including epilepsy, cognitive deficits, hydrocephalus, diplopia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    […] symptoms that should watch out for: Severe headache Sudden loss of consciousness Nausea and Vomiting Sudden ocular pain and difficulty in seeing Sudden blurring of vision or diplopia[kwjoneslaw.com] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PCS consists of a persistence of any combination of the following after a head injury: headache, nausea, emesis, memory loss, dizziness, diplopia, blurred vision, emotional[web.archive.org]

  • Neurosyphilis

    Both neurosyphilis and diplopia are widely known medical terms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A diagnosis of neurosyphilis should be considered in patients with serologic evidence of syphilis and one or more of the following cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities; mononuclear[omicsonline.org] Cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in patients with syphilis: association with clinical and laboratory features.[link.springer.com]

  • Mucormycosis

    Late symptoms from invasion of the orbital nerves and vessels include diplopia and visual field loss.[patient.info] Hernias, clouding of the corneas, excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the skull (hydrocephalus), short stature, heart disease, and coarse facial features have[rarediseases.org] […] the medial rectus muscle, optic nerve and orbital apex structures, causing ocular discomfort and acute conjunctival chemosis and eventually proptosis, ophthalmoplegia and diplopia[reviewofoptometry.com]

  • Cerebral Neoplasm

    […] may include the following: Papilledema, which is more prevalent with pediatric brain tumors, reflects an increase in intracranial pressure (ICP) of several days or longer Diplopia[emedicine.medscape.com] This is a sac of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which has been "trapped" outside or inside the brain. It might also be called a "leptomeningeal cyst."[aans.org] Craniopharyngioma typically presents with diplopia, vision loss, headache, and short stature. [17] Karavitaki N, Cudlip S, Adams CB, et al. Craniopharyngiomas.[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Migraine

    We encountered a 48-year-old woman who had diplopia and right ptosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Migraine patients may have multiple metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neuropeptide Y elevation ( Valenzuela et al., 2000[dx.doi.org] Abstract Acute confusional migraine (ACM) shows typical electroencephalography (EEG) patterns of diffuse delta slowing and frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Susac Syndrome

    […] disturbances (24%), upper motor neuron signs (21%), paresis (20%), nausea and vomiting (15%), dysarthria (13%), oculomotor dysfunction (10%), urinary dysfunction (9%) and diplopia[njmonline.nl] Cerebrospinal fluid was abnormal in 5 patients showing pleocytosis (mean, 24.6; range, 6-85 cells/mL) and elevated protein level (mean, 210; range, 113-365 mg/dL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The EEG showed frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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