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496 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Focal Neurologic Deficit

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    Headaches are a typical presenting manifestation of CVT, while focal neurological deficits, seizures , and increased intracranial pressure may develop as the disease progresses[amboss.com] Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[pmj.bmj.com] Symptoms headaches decreased/altered conscious state decreased/altered vision nausea/vomiting Signs papilloedema cranial nerve palsies focal neurological deficits seizures[radiopaedia.org]

  • Stroke

    Awakening with or experiencing the abrupt onset of focal neurologic deficits is the hallmark of ischemic stroke diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The literature documents numerous case reports of patients presenting with focal neurological deficits subsequently attributed to hypoglycaemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] neurologic deficits.[doi.org]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Spinal SAH alone rarely causes focal neurologic deficit.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] neurological deficits such as hemiparesis, sensory loss, or aphasia.[link.springer.com]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Six percent of patients presented with radiculating pain without any focal neurological deficits.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He has no focal neurological deficits, but appears confused when responding to your questions. His CT scan is shown in Figure A.[medbullets.com] She returned to baseline after each seizure, had no obvious signs of trauma, and did not exhibit any focal neurologic deficits.[jetem.org]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We report a 49-year-old woman with a history of progressive gait disturbance, white matter disease, and cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin abnormalities who met criteria for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A history of exacerbation and remission of symptoms and the presence of greater than normal amounts of protein in cerebrospinal fluid are characteristic.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Neurological deficit and progressive, focal, or general headaches (in large tumours) are common. Tumours may also produce visible bony growth.[bestpractice.bmj.com] For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[merckmanuals.com] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[thefreelibrary.com]

  • Brain Abscess

    CONTENT: The triad of headache, fever and focal neurological deficit is complete in 20% of patients on admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Postictal cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in children. J Pediatr. 2001 Mar; 138(3): 373-377 Catherine Haberland; Percy Craig.[new.medigraphic.com] Symptoms may include headache, lethargy, fever, and focal neurologic deficits. Diagnosis is by contrast-enhanced MRI or CT.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Neurology consult. This assists in determining the level of coma and finding if there are focal neurological deficits. Infectious disease consult.[oncologynurseadvisor.com] After medication with meropenem was started, the clinical symptoms completely disappeared, and the abnormalities on cerebrospinal fluid examination resolved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lumbar puncture (LP) See separate articles Lumbar Puncture and Cerebrospinal Fluid for normal values and interpretation of abnormal CSF findings.[patient.info]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    The patient came to the emergency department due to left-hemisphere focal neurological deficits with unknown time of onset. He was last seen to be asymptomatic at 9.30.[elsevier.es] CLINICAL FINDINGS Ischemic infarcts cause focal neurological deficits. In embolic infarcts, these appear abruptly.[neuropathology-web.org] neurological deficit in the area of distribution of the cerebral arteries.[icd10data.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Case study: Young female admitted to adult tertiary referral, infectious diseases hospital, Kyiv, Ukraine, with signs of a focal neurological deficit.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid was tested extensively for infection and malignancy with no abnormal findings. She received five days of intravenous methylprednisolone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most patients initially present with a relapsing-remitting course defined by the acute onset of focal neurologic deficits and corresponding focal inflammatory changes visible[dx.doi.org]

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