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17 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity, Hemiplegia

  • Stroke

    Specifically, this exploratory study investigates changes in gait pattern among stroke patients with hemiparesis or hemiplegia during gait recovery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In most cases, it occurs in a rhythmic and intermittent manner, and the most commonly and important types are frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) ( Fig 2[scielo.br] This case report presents the clinical record of a 37-year-old man who presented with a dense right hemiplegia, found to be caused by a left medial medullary stroke.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    In this case, we present a patient who presented to the pediatric emergency department with new-onset seizure and hemiplegia 2 days after a roller-coaster ride.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Historical note and terminology In 1657 Wepfer described the presence of a "bloody cyst" in the subdural space of an elderly man postmortem who had developed an aphasia and hemiplegia[medlink.com] […] common risk factors are: advanced age, alcohol abuse, seizures, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts, coagulopathies, blood thinners, and patients at risk for falling (e.g. hemiplegia[intechopen.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    A brain tumor is the usual initial clinical and radiologic diagnostic impression in these patients, whose presenting symptoms include acute onset of hemiplegia, hemisensory[thefreelibrary.com] For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[merckmanuals.com] They begin in the ependymal cells that line the central canal of the spinal cord and the ventricles of the brain, where cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is manufactured.[encyclopedia.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    A 63-year-old man suddenly presented with right hemiplegia and was taken to our hospital.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 44-year-old male with severe hemophilia B was referred to our department because of nausea, vomiting, left lower limb hemiplegia, and left arm paresis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    May present with hemiplegia or simply a reduction in level of consciousmess. Other Seizures Hydrocephalus Pulmonary oedema – may be cardiogenic or neurogenic.[lifeinthefastlane.com] […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Examine for symptoms of stroke syndrome, such as hemiparesis, hemiplegia, aphasia, and cognitive deficits. Cerebral edema, increased ICP, and seizures may also occur.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

    A 32-year-old woman with a 5-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus developed right hemiplegia and motor aphasia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Diagnosis of PML was done on basis of clinical and radiological abnormalities highly suggestive of the condition, with or without confirmation of JCV DNA in the cerebrospinal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Subsequently patient developed left sided hemiplegia, drowsiness and severe neglect syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Neurosyphilis

    This case report presents the clinical record of a 37-year-old man who presented with a dense right hemiplegia, found to be caused by a left medial medullary stroke.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A diagnosis of neurosyphilis should be considered in patients with serologic evidence of syphilis and one or more of the following cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities; mononuclear[omicsonline.org] The symptoms appear from months to a decade after the primary infection and may include seizures, hemiplegia, insomnia, personality changes, and dementia.[ajnr.org]

  • Migraine

    She reported severe pain of the right hemibody just before hemiplegia that was enventually suggestive of possible epileptic seizure, justifying diagnostic video-EEG monitoring[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Migraine patients may have multiple metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neuropeptide Y elevation ( Valenzuela et al., 2000[dx.doi.org] Abstract Acute confusional migraine (ACM) shows typical electroencephalography (EEG) patterns of diffuse delta slowing and frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Susac Syndrome

    Her exam was notable for having a flat affect, cognitive deficits (e.g. not oriented to situation, confusion), expressive aphasia, left visual field cut, left spastic hemiplegia[biomedres.us] Cerebrospinal fluid was abnormal in 5 patients showing pleocytosis (mean, 24.6; range, 6-85 cells/mL) and elevated protein level (mean, 210; range, 113-365 mg/dL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The EEG showed frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Neoplasm

    […] tumor in the frontal lobe may cause the following: Behavioral and emotional changes Impaired judgment Impaired sense of smell Memory loss Paralysis on one side of the body (hemiplegia[healthcommunities.com] This is a sac of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which has been "trapped" outside or inside the brain. It might also be called a "leptomeningeal cyst."[aans.org] Amarenco9 also found that in patients with a hemiplegia or a tetraplegia, often a massive comorbid paramedian pontine infarction rather than brainstem compression was responsible[jamanetwork.com]

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