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1,599 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity, Increased Ankle Reflex

  • Stroke

    In most cases, it occurs in a rhythmic and intermittent manner, and the most commonly and important types are frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) ( Fig 2[scielo.br] Frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) in pituitary adenoma. Clin Electroencephalogr 1995;26:173-179. [ Links ] 29.[scielo.br] ), occipital intermittent rhythmic delta activity (OIRDA) and temporal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (TIRDA) ( Fig 3 ).[scielo.br]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Results of a polymerase chain reaction assay of the cerebrospinal fluid were positive for HSV-1. His course was complicated by 2 episodes of cerebral hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment Treatment includes surgically measuring and correcting pressure on the brain by inserting a tube and draining excess blood and the cerebrospinal fluid that normally[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Subdural hematoma is defined as a collection of blood outside the brain below the dura mater. Presentations seen is dependent on the level of bleeding but general include siezures, apathy, weakness, lethargy, nausea, dizziness, behaviorual changes, confusion and severe headache. Chronic subdural hematoma may have[…][symptoma.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[merckmanuals.com] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[thefreelibrary.com] They begin in the ependymal cells that line the central canal of the spinal cord and the ventricles of the brain, where cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is manufactured.[encyclopedia.com]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[pmj.bmj.com] Lumbar Puncture Unless there is clinical suspicion of meningitis, examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is typically not helpful in cases with focal neurological abnormalities[ahajournals.org] Abnormalities are found in up to 84% of cases and include raised CSF pressure, increased protein content, the presence of red blood cells and pleocytosis. 5 Nevertheless,[pmj.bmj.com]

    Missing: Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity
  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We report a 49-year-old woman with a history of progressive gait disturbance, white matter disease, and cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin abnormalities who met criteria for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A history of exacerbation and remission of symptoms and the presence of greater than normal amounts of protein in cerebrospinal fluid are characteristic.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] fluid or xanthochromia in any tube of cerebrospinal fluid collected considered abnormal.[bmj.com] Hydrocephalus General information: Acute hydrocephalus, an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, occurs in 15 percent of patients with SAH.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

    Missing: Increased Ankle Reflex
  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    Muscle tone was slightly increased in the lower limbs. There was no clonus. Deep tendon reflexes were traced in the upper extremities, 2 at the knees, 2 at the ankles.[egms.de] Transverse myelitis (TM) is associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or radiographic abnormalities consistent with an inflammatory spinal cord lesion.[unboundmedicine.com] Results: The diagnosis was supported by abnormal MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in 52 patients (82.5%) and suspected in the remaining either because of a spinal[nature.com]

    Missing: Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity
  • Myelitis

    She had a low-grade fever and headache without other clinical neurological abnormalities while at our hospital. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed mononuclear pleocytosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Results: The diagnosis was supported by abnormal MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in 52 patients (82.5%) and suspected in the remaining either because of a spinal[nature.com] Other laboratory tests indicated no apparent abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity
  • Cervical Spinal Cord Tumor

    This procedure removes a sample of cerebrospinal fluid, which is tested for abnormal cells that may suggest the presence of a spinal cord tumor. Biopsy.[drugs.com]

    Missing: Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity