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25 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Frontal Intermittent Rhythmic Delta Activity, Seizure

  • Stroke

    Twenty patients (40%) had a single seizure, and most seizures (34, or 68%) were simple partial seizures or partial seizures with 2 generalization.[] In most cases, it occurs in a rhythmic and intermittent manner, and the most commonly and important types are frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) ( Fig 2[] We report an event in which a seizure and stroke occurred together and consider that the stroke may have been caused by seizure-induced demand ischaemia.[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    None of the patients with epilepsy after discharge had electrographic seizures while hospitalized.[] […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[] seizures are harmful and PHT is harmless.[]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Exclusion criteria History of pre‐existing seizures.[] Seizures often occur at the time the hematoma forms, or up to months or years after treatment. But medicines can help control the seizures.[] The latter might then cause unintended skeletal muscle stimulation that might be misinterpreted in seizure-prone patients.[]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Seizures, focal or generalized, may be the earliest expression of a brain tumor.[] For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    The neurologic morbidities, including seizure activity, motor/sensory deficit, and coma, can be seen secondary to cerebral edema, hemorrhage, or ischemia.[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[] It is characterized by seizure activity, lethargy, and apnea.[]

  • Neurosyphilis

    We report a 33-year-old Japanese man who suffered from repetitive generalized tonic-clonic seizures which were medically intractable.[] A diagnosis of neurosyphilis should be considered in patients with serologic evidence of syphilis and one or more of the following cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities; mononuclear[] Cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in patients with syphilis: association with clinical and laboratory features.[]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    Concentrations of neurotransmitters and abnormal function can be seen in seizure disorders and Alzheimer's disease.[] The cerebrospinal fluid can also be analyzed for abnormal proteins, chemicals, and cells.[] […] patterns, e.g., frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA), or spikes and sharp waves as well as spike-wave discharges in temporal regions. [37] In hyponatremia[]

  • Cerebral Neoplasm

    A variety of medications are available to improve neurologic function, limit nausea, manage pain, prevent blood clots, and minimize seizures.[] This is a sac of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which has been "trapped" outside or inside the brain. It might also be called a "leptomeningeal cyst."[] Here, we report a case of a 12-year old female patient who presented in outpatient clinic with a short period history of headache and seizures.[]

  • Limbic Encephalitis

    Five patients showed piloerection as principal seizure semiology (prevalence 0.65%).[] Cerebrospinal fluid test results were abnormal in 18 (78%) of 23 patients tested.[] Abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid and electroencephalogram were commonly observed (92% for both). Tumors were not identified in any cases.[]

  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

    ; Seizures; Survivors[] Diagnosis of PML was done on basis of clinical and radiological abnormalities highly suggestive of the condition, with or without confirmation of JCV DNA in the cerebrospinal[] Diagnosis was confirmed by qualitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid.[]

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