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76 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    This 15-year-old patient presented with right shoulder pain in the absence of the fever, back pain, or long-tract signs; therefore, the diagnosis of the spinal pathology was[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] Rarely is cerebrospinal fluid available or evaluated in these cases, but is abnormal 75% of the time, and all usually have an aseptic meningitis pattern and be gram stain[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Myelitis

    The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] Results: The diagnosis was supported by abnormal MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in 52 patients (82.5%) and suspected in the remaining either because of a spinal[nature.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com] Muscle pain may be caused by clonus or hyperreflexia. Many patients complain of muscle cramps.[aafp.org]

  • Thoracic Spinal Cord Tumor

    A patient, presenting with incapacitating diarrhea of 1-month duration, developed orthostatic hypotension and progressive long tract central nervous system signs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other signs evident upon physical examination may include spine tenderness, stiffening of gait, trophic changes of extremity, sensory loss, hyperreflexia, clonus, and scoliosis[emedicine.medscape.com] This procedure removes a sample of cerebrospinal fluid, which is tested for abnormal cells that may suggest the presence of a spinal cord tumor. Biopsy.[drugs.com]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    An areflexic cystometrogram tended to change to a low compliance bladder, followed by detrusor hyperreflexia or a normal cystometrogram.[nature.com] The symptoms and signs depend upon the level of the spinal cord involved and the extent of the involvement of the various long tracts .[psychology.wikia.com] Transverse myelitis (TM) is associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or radiographic abnormalities consistent with an inflammatory spinal cord lesion.[unboundmedicine.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com] A history of exacerbation and remission of symptoms and the presence of greater than normal amounts of protein in cerebrospinal fluid are characteristic.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Later in the course of the disease there may be extreme emotional lability, ataxia, abnormal reflexes, and difficulty in urinating.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Neurologic examination revealed severe right leg weakness with hyperreflexia, ankle clonus, and a questionable plantar response.[thefreelibrary.com] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[thefreelibrary.com]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Tumor

    The neurologic examination usually reveals symmetric weakness with either flaccidity and hyporeflexia (if the diagnosis is made early) or spasticity and hyperreflexia (if[aafp.org] This procedure removes a sample of cerebrospinal fluid, which is tested for abnormal cells that may suggest the presence of a spinal cord tumor. Biopsy.[drugs.com] A neurological examination revealed hypesthesia and mild weakness in her left C8 spinal nerve distribution, as well as mild hyperreflexia and a Babinski’s sign in the left[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Irritative or obstructive bladder symptoms, as a result of spinal lesions causing detrusor hyperreflexia and incomplete bladder emptying, can be treated with oral anticholinergic[aetna.com] […] in the brain Lumbar puncture or spinal tap to determine if there are abnormalities in the cerebrospinal fluid, one of the signs of MS Evoked potentials test, which records[ucsfhealth.org] […] urine tests to help rule out other possible disorders Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) to measure electrical activity in the heart Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to look for abnormalities[ucsfhealth.org]

  • Malignant Glioma

    […] child who has a subacute disorder of the central nervous system that produces cranial nerve abnormalities (especially of cranial nerve VII and the lower bulbar nerves), long-tract[en.wikipedia.org] Gliomas do not metastasize by the bloodstream, but they can spread via the cerebrospinal fluid and cause "drop metastases" to the spinal cord.[en.wikipedia.org] signs, unsteady gait secondary to spasticity, and some behavioral changes is most likely to have a pontine glioma. [6] Causes [ edit ] The exact causes of gliomas are not[en.wikipedia.org]

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