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305 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Lead Encephalopathy

  • Stroke

    AIDS, preterm birth, malaria, neonatal encephalopathy, and congenital causes ( figure 12 ).[] Country-specific leading causes of YLLs Worldwide, the top ten causes of YLLs were ischaemic heart disease, lower respiratory infections, stroke, diarrhoea, road injury, HIV[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] to pial vessel rupture, 7 intracranial vertebral artery dissection, 8 Moyamoya disease, 9 posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, 10 and postpartum angiopathy, which[] […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[] fluid or xanthochromia in any tube of cerebrospinal fluid collected considered abnormal.[]

  • Meningitis

    fluid abnormalities.[] […] puncture, because the study medication was administered before or with the first dose of antibiotics and the inclusion of patients in the study depended on the presence of cerebrospinal[]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Subdural hematoma is defined as a collection of blood outside the brain below the dura mater. Presentations seen is dependent on the level of bleeding but general include siezures, apathy, weakness, lethargy, nausea, dizziness, behaviorual changes, confusion and severe headache. Chronic subdural hematoma may have[…][]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[] They begin in the ependymal cells that line the central canal of the spinal cord and the ventricles of the brain, where cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is manufactured.[]

  • Brain Abscess

    Postictal cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in children. J Pediatr. 2001 Mar; 138(3): 373-377 Catherine Haberland; Percy Craig.[]

  • Lead Encephalopathy

    Magnetic resonance imaging findings in lead encephalopathy vary.[] The cerebrospinal fluid can also be analyzed for abnormal proteins, chemicals, and cells.[] Lead encephalopathy, however, is a manifestation of social, cultural and psychologic malaise.[]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    Called also anoxic encephalopathy. lead encephalopathy brain disease caused by lead poisoning. mitochondrial encephalopathy encephalopathy associated with mitochondrial abnormalities[] Both computerized tomography of the head and cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal.[] Neonatal thyrotoxicosis can give rise to hypertension and may lead to hypertensive encephalopathy.[]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    The other frequent manifestations are focal neurological deficits and diffuse encephalopathies with seizures.[] Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[] Lumbar Puncture Unless there is clinical suspicion of meningitis, examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is typically not helpful in cases with focal neurological abnormalities[]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Unstable blood pressure Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) – HIE reduces oxygen supply in the brain, and the resultant cell death and blood vessel breakdown leads to bleeding[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[] Results of a polymerase chain reaction assay of the cerebrospinal fluid were positive for HSV-1. His course was complicated by 2 episodes of cerebral hemorrhage.[]

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