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115 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Long Tract Signs

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    This 15-year-old patient presented with right shoulder pain in the absence of the fever, back pain, or long-tract signs; therefore, the diagnosis of the spinal pathology was[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Rarely is cerebrospinal fluid available or evaluated in these cases, but is abnormal 75% of the time, and all usually have an aseptic meningitis pattern and be gram stain[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing revealed no abnormalities except for an elevated neopterin concentration at 143.17 pmol/mL (normal 30 pmol/mL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thoracic Spinal Cord Tumor

    A patient, presenting with incapacitating diarrhea of 1-month duration, developed orthostatic hypotension and progressive long tract central nervous system signs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This procedure removes a sample of cerebrospinal fluid, which is tested for abnormal cells that may suggest the presence of a spinal cord tumor. Biopsy.[drugs.com] In the classical case the tumor therefore presents with an early segmental differential sensory deficit, later followed by long tract signs, with subsequent weakness & wasting[thamburaj.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We report a 49-year-old woman with a history of progressive gait disturbance, white matter disease, and cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin abnormalities who met criteria for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A history of exacerbation and remission of symptoms and the presence of greater than normal amounts of protein in cerebrospinal fluid are characteristic.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Malignant Glioma

    […] child who has a subacute disorder of the central nervous system that produces cranial nerve abnormalities (especially of cranial nerve VII and the lower bulbar nerves), long-tract[en.wikipedia.org] Gliomas do not metastasize by the bloodstream, but they can spread via the cerebrospinal fluid and cause "drop metastases" to the spinal cord.[en.wikipedia.org] signs, unsteady gait secondary to spasticity, and some behavioral changes is most likely to have a pontine glioma. [6] Causes [ edit ] The exact causes of gliomas are not[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    […] in the brain Lumbar puncture or spinal tap to determine if there are abnormalities in the cerebrospinal fluid, one of the signs of MS Evoked potentials test, which records[ucsfhealth.org] […] urine tests to help rule out other possible disorders Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) to measure electrical activity in the heart Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to look for abnormalities[ucsfhealth.org]

  • Myelitis

    The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] Results: The diagnosis was supported by abnormal MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in 52 patients (82.5%) and suspected in the remaining either because of a spinal[nature.com] HHV-6 PCR tests were all positive for cerebrospinal fluid and for plasma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    The symptoms and signs depend upon the level of the spinal cord involved and the extent of the involvement of the various long tracts .[psychology.wikia.com] Transverse myelitis (TM) is associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or radiographic abnormalities consistent with an inflammatory spinal cord lesion.[unboundmedicine.com] Results: The diagnosis was supported by abnormal MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in 52 patients (82.5%) and suspected in the remaining either because of a spinal[nature.com]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Tumor

    This procedure removes a sample of cerebrospinal fluid, which is tested for abnormal cells that may suggest the presence of a spinal cord tumor. Biopsy.[drugs.com]

  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

    Normally, the white matter has a dark signal as in (C) o (D), cerebrospinal fluid signal is white and the signal of the grey matter (e.g. the cortex) is grey.[vumc.com] In (A), the white matter signal is abnormal especially round the posterior part of the ventricles.[vumc.com]

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