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374 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, MRI Scan of the Brain Abnormal

  • Stroke

    […] to identify abnormalities in the brain arteries (such as aneurysms) or other sources of bleeding, and structural MRI if this shows no cause.[en.wikipedia.org] […] tendency to bleed, and if some rarer processes such as homocystinuria might be involved.For hemorrhagic strokes, a CT or MRI scan with intravascular contrast may be able[en.wikipedia.org] […] vasculature (if a bleed is thought to have originated from an aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation); blood tests to determine if blood cholesterol is high, if there is an abnormal[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can detect abnormal blood vessels, underlying tumors, and some aneurysms.[healthcommunities.com] Results of a polymerase chain reaction assay of the cerebrospinal fluid were positive for HSV-1. His course was complicated by 2 episodes of cerebral hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was abnormal in all cases analyzed (five of six) but CSF cytology was definitive in only 3.[n.neurology.org] A contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan of the brain was obtained and revealed abnormal enhancement between the cerebellar folia, consistent with meningeal[pancreas.imedpub.com] Cibas ES, Malkin MG, Posner JB, Melamed MR: Detection of DNA abnormalities by flow cytometry in cells from cerebrospinal fluid.[link.springer.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We report a 49-year-old woman with a history of progressive gait disturbance, white matter disease, and cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin abnormalities who met criteria for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A history of exacerbation and remission of symptoms and the presence of greater than normal amounts of protein in cerebrospinal fluid are characteristic.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[merckmanuals.com] These let doctors see inside the brain and identify any areas that look abnormal. Although both are painless, they do require children to be still.[kidshealth.org] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[thefreelibrary.com]

  • Meningeal Carcinomatosis

    Of the 11 cases, 9 with pial involvement had abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results, 2 involving only the dura-arachnoid had normal CSF results.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan of the brain was obtained and revealed abnormal enhancement between the cerebellar folia, consistent with meningeal[pancreas.imedpub.com] MC also destroys blood brain barrier, in fact the majority of patients shows dural abnormal reinforcement such as nodositas, line type and mixed type.[nnjournal.net]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    The brain MRI, which was obtained 11 hours after presentation, showed multiple 4- to 5-mm foci of abnormal increase in T2 signal and decreased T1 signal intensity involving[pediatrics.aappublications.org] The head computerized tomography scan in the emergency department was normal.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common form of CNS involvement was a subtle, chronic encephalopathy characterized by memory impairment, often accompanied by cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities [ 17[doi.org] Although patients who have early central neurologic involvement usually show evidence of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities, as many as 20%–40% of patients with this[doi.org]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Cerebrospinal fluid was tested extensively for infection and malignancy with no abnormal findings. She received five days of intravenous methylprednisolone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] in the brain Lumbar puncture or spinal tap to determine if there are abnormalities in the cerebrospinal fluid, one of the signs of MS Evoked potentials test, which records[ucsfhealth.org] […] urine tests to help rule out other possible disorders Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) to measure electrical activity in the heart Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to look for abnormalities[ucsfhealth.org]

  • Brain Abscess

    Postictal cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in children. J Pediatr. 2001 Mar; 138(3): 373-377 Catherine Haberland; Percy Craig.[new.medigraphic.com] MRI has higher resolution and can show early abnormalities better than CT.[merckmanuals.com] However, additional tests may be needed to establish the diagnosis because a brain tumor or damage due to a stroke or multiple sclerosis can resemble a brain abscess.[merckmanuals.com]

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