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306 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Hydrocephalus-cont. • Chronic hydrocephalus may develop weeks to months after SAH and present as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) manifested by gait difficulty, incontinence[] […] for SAH; CT negative for SAH and inconclusive cerebrospinal fluid examination.[] […] improve when treated for hydrocephalus (do not lower pressure to less than 15 mm Hg, however).[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    After medication with meropenem was started, the clinical symptoms completely disappeared, and the abnormalities on cerebrospinal fluid examination resolved.[] Lumbar puncture (LP) See separate articles Lumbar Puncture and Cerebrospinal Fluid for normal values and interpretation of abnormal CSF findings.[] Ampicillin was administered, but headache and pyrexia persisted for 2 weeks, and on cerebrospinal fluid examination, the proliferation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes had[]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    A spinal tap may also be done to establish the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus.[] […] finding of cerebrospinal fluid.[] Inhalation anthrax Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) Pituitary tumor Reye syndrome Risks of lumbar puncture include: Bleeding into the spinal canal or around the brain[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in bacterial meningitis include a markedly increased opening pressure ( 180 mm H 2 O), increased presence of white blood cells (normal: 0[] S pneumoniae was isolated from both blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in 19 (76%) children.[] Cerebrospinal fluid examination Of the 104 previously well children with available records, 91 (87%) had an LP performed, 57 (63%) prior to parenteral antibiotics and 33 ([]

  • Cryptococcal Meningitis

    In this case, initial head CT scan was normal but unusually high protein level in CSF prompted a repeat CT scan 5 days later that showed noncommunicating hydrocephalus.[] The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) indices (protein and glucose) were normal in 4 cases, whereas they were mildly abnormal in the other 2 patients.[] Cerebrospinal fluid India ink staining was positive, and culture yielded Cryptococcus neoformans. Cryptococcus meningitis was diagnosed.[]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    Blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF; obtained by lumbar puncture [LP]) were collected prior to administration of antimicrobials and submitted for culture and laboratory studies[] Analysis of his cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed leucocytosis, high protein concentration, and low glucose level with a decreased CSF/serum glucose ratio ( Table 1 ).[] CSF cellular abnormalities are usually not characteristic, and diagnosis based on the detection of L. monocytogenes growth in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) requires usually 24[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    A patient with fatal recurrent meningococcal meningitis is described. Detailed complement and immunological investigation revealed a combined deficiency of C8 and anti-meningococcal antibody. An inability to make anti-meningococcal antibody in C8 deficient patients has not been previously reported.[]

  • Leptospiral Meningitis

    Typical cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities consisted of a mildly elevated leukocyte count (median 206 leukocytes/mm3, range 6-2072) with a lymphocytic predominance (median[] Thirty-nine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients presenting with meningeal abnormalities, predominance of lymphocytes and negative results by traditional microbiological[]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    TY - JOUR T1 - Absent or minimal cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in haemophilus influenzae meningitis AU - Hegenbarth, Mary A. AU - Green, Michael AU - Rowley, Anne H.[] Hydrocephalus Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain.[] {72a9cff10cf7459a9250a2e9872e5d92, title "Absent or minimal cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in haemophilus influenzae meningitis", abstract "A case of Haemophilus influenzae[]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    Cerebrospinal fluid examination Day 1 Day 6 Day 11 Appearance Colorless, clear Colorless, hazy Colorless, slightly hazy Total cell count/cumm 2110 1180 3200 Polymorphs (%)[] Lumbar puncture (LP) See separate articles Lumbar Puncture and Cerebrospinal Fluid for normal values and interpretation of abnormal CSF findings.[] Mild diffuse abnormal leptomeningeal enhancement was also noted suggestive of meningitis. Table 1.[]

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