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867 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Nystagmus

  • Stroke

    The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Posterior cerebral artery Monocular loss of vision (amaurosis) Ophthalmic artery (a branch of the internal carotid artery) Unilateral or bilateral cranial nerve deficits (eg, nystagmus[msdmanuals.com] Know that cerebellar strokes also may cause vertigo, nausea and vomiting, headache, nystagmus, and slurred speech.[americannursetoday.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We report a 49-year-old woman with a history of progressive gait disturbance, white matter disease, and cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin abnormalities who met criteria for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Double vision or eye tremor ( nystagmus ) may result from involvement of the nerve pathways controlling movement of the eye muscles.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptomatology of the cases with saltatory evolution had subacute onset, in 1-3 days, with hypotonia, nystagmus and posture disorders.[medichub.ro] Results of a polymerase chain reaction assay of the cerebrospinal fluid were positive for HSV-1. His course was complicated by 2 episodes of cerebral hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningitis

    fluid abnormalities.[dx.doi.org] She had nystagmus, scanning speech, bilateral papilloedema and ataxia. Cranial imaging showed a 10 mm tonsillar herniation. Posterior fossa decompression was done.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] puncture, because the study medication was administered before or with the first dose of antibiotics and the inclusion of patients in the study depended on the presence of cerebrospinal[dx.doi.org]

  • Syringomyelia

    To the Editor: Syringomyelia is a condition with various causes in which fluid accumulates in an abnormal cavity within the spinal cord.[nejm.org] (decreased muscle strength) in the arms or legs Painless burn or injury of the hand Difficulty walking or toe walking in children Uncontrollable movements of the eyes ( nystagmus[nlm.nih.gov] Numbness - may replace pain Signs - Horner's syndrome, Nystagmus, Muscle wasting, LE spasticity, Charcot UE joints, Pes Cavus, Short neck, Low hairline, Limb length inequality[gait.aidi.udel.edu]

  • Leigh's Disease

    The authors present the case of a 9-year-old girl with dorsal midbrain syndrome causing convergence retraction nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities in meningeosis neoplastica: a retrospective 12-year analysis.[frontiersin.org] Extraocular movements showed greatly reduced pursuit and saccades in elevation and convergence–retraction nystagmus on attempted up gaze.[healio.com]

  • Lyme Meningoencephalitis

    Coarse nystagmus was present on horizontal gaze, left greater than right, and vertical nystagmus on upward gaze.[canlyme.com] Moderate pleocytosis and increased albumin can be found in the cerebrospinal fluid; abnormalities in the thalamus, cerebellum, and brainstem in MRI may be shown as well.[columbia-lyme.org] Both diseases can, in rare cases, lead to the Tullio phenomenon (40), characterized by nausea and nystagmus in response to sound stimulation.[angelfire.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[merckmanuals.com] […] hemianopia or partial visual field deficits Anosmia may occur with frontal lobe tumors Brainstem and cerebellar tumors induce cranial nerve palsies, ataxia, incoordination, nystagmus[emedicine.medscape.com] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[thefreelibrary.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid was tested extensively for infection and malignancy with no abnormal findings. She received five days of intravenous methylprednisolone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] in the brain Lumbar puncture or spinal tap to determine if there are abnormalities in the cerebrospinal fluid, one of the signs of MS Evoked potentials test, which records[ucsfhealth.org]

  • Meningeal Carcinomatosis

    Of the 11 cases, 9 with pial involvement had abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results, 2 involving only the dura-arachnoid had normal CSF results.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There was no neck stiffness or nystagmus. The sensory examination was normal. The conjunctivae were pale, but not icteric.[kjim.org] Lumbar puncture was performed repeatedly, but cerebrospinal fluid cytology showed no evidence of malignant cells.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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