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46 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Olfactory Hallucination, Rarely Malignant

  • Astrocytoma of the Brain

    They are rarely malignant but can regrow quickly. For this reason, Dr Steel performs regular MRI scans every one or two years after surgery.[] If the tumour is malignant and spreads, they rarely then spread outside of the brain to other parts of the body. Grade 3 and 4 gliomas are considered malignant tumours.[] Benign Tumours: Slow growing Distinct borders Rarely spreads Malignant Tumours: Usually rapid growing Invasive Life threatening Metastatic brain tumours Metastatic brain tumours[]

  • Olfactory Groove Meningioma

    They are typically benign, slow-growing tumors that have on rare occasion been known to undergo malignant transformation with metastasis.[] […] groove [医]溴叶沟 olfactory groove meningioma 嗅叶沟脑膜瘤 olfactory groove syndrome [医]嗅沟综合征 olfactory hair 嗅毛 olfactory hallucination [医]嗅幻觉,幻嗅 olfactory islands [医]嗅岛 olfactory[] Key words meningioma metastasis cerebrospinal fluid cytology This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Preview Unable to display preview.[]

  • Malignant Glioma

    From the pathogenetic point of view, this malignant glioma is an extremely rare case that developed clinically and neuroradiologically from the cavernous sinus and was suspected[] […] buildup of cerebrospinal fluid placing pressure on the brain.[] Abstract BRAF V600E mutations occur frequently in malignant melanoma, but are rare in most malignant glioma subtypes.[]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    References 1 Anti-TNF antibody therapy in rheumatoid arthritis and the risk of serious infections and malignancies: systematic review and meta-analysis of rare harmful effects[] HSV-1 PCR analysis was negative in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) but positive in brain biopsies, which showed vasocentric granulomatous inflammation.[] Currently, the diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection relies on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities and confirmation with CSF polymerase chain reaction (PCR[]

  • Schizophrenia

    , eg, neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).[] We found perinatal pathology, cognitive deficit, and EEG abnormality in a patient with atypical initial symptoms of psychosis such as olfactory hallucinations.[] There has been some suggestion that kappa opioid receptors may be abnormally distributed in the hippocampus in patients with schizophrenia, and that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF[]

  • Temporal Lobe Tumor

    Clinicopathologic features of recurrent dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor and rare malignant transformation: A report of 5 cases and review of the literature.[] hallucination’.[] […] build-up of cerebrospinal fluid usually caused by a blockage of the ventricular system of the brain; also called “water on the brain.” immunotherapy: treatment designed to[]

  • Histoplasma Meningitis

    Histoplasmomas usually are asymptomatic but often cause concern about malignancy.[] Olfactory hallucinations are not uncommon, caused by both irritation of the olfactory bulbs and the olfactory cortex.[] Lumbar puncture (LP) See separate articles Lumbar Puncture and Cerebrospinal Fluid for normal values and interpretation of abnormal CSF findings.[]

  • Neurologic Manifestation of Whipple Disease

    . 77 In rare instances, malignant lymphomas have occurred in patients with Whipple’s disease. 78 – 80 Barium examination of the intestinal tract can reveal nonspecific abnormalities[] Subject 3 A 38-year-old man presented with bifrontal headache, fatigue, intermittent horizontal diplopia, and olfactory hallucinations thought to represent partial seizures[] Conclusions: All patients with confirmed diagnosis of Whipple’s disease, usually by small bowel biopsy, should undergo lumbar puncture for cerebrospinal fluid analysis for[]

  • Meningeal Disorder

    – potential to spread; rarely spread outside CNS Treatment Surgical removal- should be 90% tumor removal to have positive effect on outcome Radiation therapy Chemotherapy[] Irritation of a temporal lobe may lead to auditory or olfactory hallucinations.[] Connective tissue spectrum abnormalities associated with spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks: a prospective study.[]

  • Limbic Encephalitis

    Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE) is a rare disorder of the nervous system associated with malignant disease.[] […] and gustatory hallucinations, sleep disturbances, and abnormalities in other homeostatic functions.[] Cerebrospinal fluid test results were abnormal in 18 (78%) of 23 patients tested.[]