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46 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality, Olfactory Hallucination, Rarely Malignant

  • Astrocytoma of the Brain

    They are rarely malignant but can regrow quickly. For this reason, Dr Steel performs regular MRI scans every one or two years after surgery.[drtimothysteel.com.au] If the tumour is malignant and spreads, they rarely then spread outside of the brain to other parts of the body. Grade 3 and 4 gliomas are considered malignant tumours.[cancercanwait.com] Benign Tumours: Slow growing Distinct borders Rarely spreads Malignant Tumours: Usually rapid growing Invasive Life threatening Metastatic brain tumours Metastatic brain tumours[curebraincancer.org.au]

  • Olfactory Groove Meningioma

    They are typically benign, slow-growing tumors that have on rare occasion been known to undergo malignant transformation with metastasis.[mdmag.com] […] groove [医]溴叶沟 olfactory groove meningioma 嗅叶沟脑膜瘤 olfactory groove syndrome [医]嗅沟综合征 olfactory hair 嗅毛 olfactory hallucination [医]嗅幻觉,幻嗅 olfactory islands [医]嗅岛 olfactory[fastdict.net] Key words meningioma metastasis cerebrospinal fluid cytology This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Preview Unable to display preview.[link.springer.com]

  • Malignant Glioma

    From the pathogenetic point of view, this malignant glioma is an extremely rare case that developed clinically and neuroradiologically from the cavernous sinus and was suspected[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] buildup of cerebrospinal fluid placing pressure on the brain.[web.archive.org] Abstract BRAF V600E mutations occur frequently in malignant melanoma, but are rare in most malignant glioma subtypes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    References 1 Anti-TNF antibody therapy in rheumatoid arthritis and the risk of serious infections and malignancies: systematic review and meta-analysis of rare harmful effects[academic.oup.com] HSV-1 PCR analysis was negative in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) but positive in brain biopsies, which showed vasocentric granulomatous inflammation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Currently, the diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection relies on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities and confirmation with CSF polymerase chain reaction (PCR[karger.com]

  • Schizophrenia

    , eg, neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).[dx.doi.org] We found perinatal pathology, cognitive deficit, and EEG abnormality in a patient with atypical initial symptoms of psychosis such as olfactory hallucinations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There has been some suggestion that kappa opioid receptors may be abnormally distributed in the hippocampus in patients with schizophrenia, and that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Temporal Lobe Tumor

    Clinicopathologic features of recurrent dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor and rare malignant transformation: A report of 5 cases and review of the literature.[surgicalneurologyint.com] hallucination’.[express.co.uk] […] build-up of cerebrospinal fluid usually caused by a blockage of the ventricular system of the brain; also called “water on the brain.” immunotherapy: treatment designed to[mayfieldclinic.com]

  • Histoplasma Meningitis

    Histoplasmomas usually are asymptomatic but often cause concern about malignancy.[antimicrobe.org] Olfactory hallucinations are not uncommon, caused by both irritation of the olfactory bulbs and the olfactory cortex.[dartmouth.edu] Lumbar puncture (LP) See separate articles Lumbar Puncture and Cerebrospinal Fluid for normal values and interpretation of abnormal CSF findings.[patient.info]

  • Neurologic Manifestation of Whipple Disease

    . 77 In rare instances, malignant lymphomas have occurred in patients with Whipple’s disease. 78 – 80 Barium examination of the intestinal tract can reveal nonspecific abnormalities[clinicalgate.com] Subject 3 A 38-year-old man presented with bifrontal headache, fatigue, intermittent horizontal diplopia, and olfactory hallucinations thought to represent partial seizures[ajnr.org] Conclusions: All patients with confirmed diagnosis of Whipple’s disease, usually by small bowel biopsy, should undergo lumbar puncture for cerebrospinal fluid analysis for[shmabstracts.com]

  • Meningeal Disorder

    – potential to spread; rarely spread outside CNS Treatment Surgical removal- should be 90% tumor removal to have positive effect on outcome Radiation therapy Chemotherapy[brainaacn.org] Irritation of a temporal lobe may lead to auditory or olfactory hallucinations.[britannica.com] Connective tissue spectrum abnormalities associated with spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks: a prospective study.[spinalcsfleak.org]

  • Limbic Encephalitis

    Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE) is a rare disorder of the nervous system associated with malignant disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and gustatory hallucinations, sleep disturbances, and abnormalities in other homeostatic functions.[checkorphan.org] Cerebrospinal fluid test results were abnormal in 18 (78%) of 23 patients tested.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]