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140 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Culture Negative, Coma, Viral Meningitis

  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

    Symptoms range from moderate illness to severe illness, including cardiovascular compromise, coma and death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] encephalitis, tuberculous meningitis, air embolism, and rarely mucopolysaccharidoses. 8 We suggest that in cases of encephalitis with MRI consistent with the starry sky pattern[neurology.org] […] ankles) spreads centrally to palms/soles and trunk Physical exam erythematous maculopapular rash appears rash may lead to cutaneous necrosis altered mental status and/or coma[medbullets.com]

  • Chemical Meningitis

    Patients with chemical meningitis did not have purulent wound drainage or significant wound erythema or tenderness, coma, new focal neurological findings, or onset of a new[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The cerebrospinal fluid findings shown in table 1. All cerebrospinal fluid cultures, stains, and serologies were repeated and were negative.[pmj.bmj.com] As in viral meningitis, procalcitonin might be able to discriminate between bacterial and chemical causes of CNS inflammation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mollaret's Meningitis

    Without proper care, symptoms can escalate to seizures and even coma.[recurrentmeningitis.org] All patients with RLM ( 2 clinical episodes, lymphocytic predominance and negative bacterial culture from cerebrospinal fluid [CSF], and HSV-2 DNA in at least 1 CSF sample[wwwnc.cdc.gov] If you have experienced viral meningitis more than once, we would encourage you to ask your GP to investigate it to try and determine the cause.[meningitisnow.org]

  • Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis

    The symptoms include headache, nausea, rigidity of the neck muscles, vomiting, delirium, seizures and coma. primary amebic menencephalitis naegleriasis amebic encephalitis[wikidata.org] Cultures of cerebrospinal fluid and multiple blood specimens were negative, and tests for West Nile, herpes simplex, and influenza viruses were negative.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Primary amebic meningoencephalitis presents clinically in a fashion that may be indistinguishable from bacterial and viral meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Viral Meningitis

    […] causes an insidious form of meningitis characterized by headache, low-grade fever, stiff neck and cranial nerve palsies, and an acute meningoencephalitis characterized by coma[dx.doi.org] Negative cerebrospinal fluid cultures occur in 20 percent of patients with acute community acquired bacterial meningitis.[dx.doi.org] Definition Viral meningitis is a viral disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges.[symptoma.com]

  • Meningitis

    Low Glasgow Coma Scale at admission was significantly associated with worse neurological outcome (P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Negative cerebrospinal fluid cultures occur in 11 to 30 percent of patients with bacterial meningitis. 4-23 No significant differences in clinical presentation have been reported[nejm.org] To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our cookies policy Close Intended for healthcare professionals Education Viral meningitis Viral meningitis Clinical Review[doi.org]

  • Leptospiral Meningitis

    Thirty-nine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients presenting with meningeal abnormalities, predominance of lymphocytes and negative results by traditional microbiological[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] DRG Group #097-099 - Non-bacterial infect of nervous system except viral meningitis with CC.[icd.codes] Use of universal PCR on cerebrospinal fluid to diagnose bacterial meningitis in culture-negative patients.[scielo.br]

  • Lyme Meningoencephalitis

    Symptoms can range from listlessness, lethargy to coma.[braininjury-explanation.com] Gram’s stain and culture of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were negative after 72 hours. An electrocardiogram revealed normal sinus rhythm with no PR prolongation.[healio.com] meningitis (VM) (all but 1 enterovirus); most of these children were 3 months old and had lumbar punctures as part of a “sepsis work-up”. 10 VM patients were 2.5 years old[nature.com]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Five of 15 variables tested were strongly associated with poor outcome (CSF culture positivity, CSF white blood cell count, hemoglobin, Glasgow Coma Scale, and pulse rate)[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blood culture for the etiological agent may be positive even when the cerebrospinal fluid culture is negative.[symptoma.com] You therefore cannot say that bacterial meningitis is worse than viral meningitis.[biology.stackexchange.com]

  • Brain Abscess

    The predictivefactor of a favorable outcome was Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score 13 to 15 (OR 14.64; 95% CI 2.70-79.34; p 0.02).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) study revealed neutrophil predominant pleocytosis, but both blood and CSF culture were negative.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Less than 5% of such cases are due to bacterial meningitis and the rest are due to viral (aseptic) meningitis (see viral infections).[neuropathology-web.org]

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