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44 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Protein Increased, Coccidioides Immitis

  • Meningitis

    Coccidioides immitis is a soil-based, dimorphic fungus that exists in mycelial and yeast (spherule) forms.[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed pleocytosis with neutrophil predominance, increased protein and low glucose. CSF and blood cultures yielded negative results.[] The inflammatory cells increased the membrane permeability and alter normal chemical contents of the cerebrospinal fluid like glucose and protein.[]

  • Coccidioidal Meningitis

    An autopsy revealed chronic basal meningitis, cerebral arteritis, cerebral infarcts, hydrocephalus, and an old solitary pulmonary granuloma all due to Coccidioides immitis[] […] of Coccidioides immitis, despite the patient's taking an adequate dosage of fluconazole.[] The accident occurred in an area in which coccidioidomycosis is endemic, and the causative agent, Coccidioides immitis, is found in high concentration in the soil.[]

  • Myelitis

    immitis ) CNS cryptococcosis ( Cryptococcus neoformans ) CNS mucormycosis (order Mucorales ) neurocandidiasis ( Candida spp ) parasitic cerebral amoebiasis primary amoebic[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination showed a mild increase in white blood cell count (80/mm 3 , 41% neutrophils) and a slightly elevated protein concentration (76 gm/dL)[] In some people with transverse myelitis, the cerebrospinal fluid contains more protein than usual and an increased number of white blood cells (leukocytes) that help the body[]

  • Candida Meningitis

    immitis For a further discussion related to other etiological agents and other infective processes in the CNS, please refer to CNS infectious diseases.[] These include: Cryptococcus neoformans Histoplasma capsulatum Coccidioides immitis Candida albicans Blastomyces dermatitidis Aspergillus species and others Most of these fungi[] immitis Antibody detection in CSF and serum Candida sp.[]

  • Lyme Meningoencephalitis

    Coccidioides immitis is a soil-based, dimorphic fungus that exists in mycelial and yeast (spherule) forms.[] The results of the test will likely show an increase in protein, globulin, and white blood cells if your dog has meningoencephalitis.[] Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid obtained by a lumbar puncture procedure usually reveals increased amounts of protein and white blood cells with normal glucose, though[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Coccidioides immitis and, rarely, other fungi also cause subacute meningitis (Ref.2).[] fluid leukocytosis, increased protein influx, and lactate accumulation.[] Increased neutrophil count and protein content, and decreased glucose levels in her cerebrospinal fluid initially suggested bacterial meningitis.[]

  • Viral Meningitis

    Pathogenesis The first identified Coccidioides species was Coccidioides immitis. Recently, Taylor et al. [ 9 ] identified a second species, Coccidioides posadasii.[] Significant positive correlations between the nitrite and granulocyte counts and the protein concentration in cerebrospinal fluid were found in all patients with meningitis[] For a definitive diagnosis of meningitis, you'll need a spinal tap to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).[]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    Primary pathogens include the following: Cryptococcus neoformans, Coccidioides immitis, Blastomyces dermatitides, and Hystoplasma capsulatum.[] If acute transverse myelitis is present, the number of certain white blood cells and the protein level in the cerebrospinal fluid is increased.[] A test of cerebrospinal fluid may show increased white cells and protein.[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    immitis, Candida species, and Blastomyces dermatitidis Infections with Toxoplasma gondii, P jiroveci, C parvum, Cyclospora cayetanensis, and Isospora belli; amebiasis; scabies[] Nitric oxide synthase is present in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with active multiple sclerosis and is associated with increases in cerebrospinal fluid protein nitrotyrosine[] Increased cerebrospinal fluid tau protein in multiple sclerosis. Eur Neurol 2000; 43(4): 228–32 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 107.[]

  • Spinal Tuberculosis

    immitis Blastomyces dermatitidis Cryptococcus neoformans Aspergillosis spirochetes Treponema pallidum Treatment Nonoperative pharmacologic treatment /- spinal orthosis indications[] Other etiologies of granulomatous infection may have similar clinical picture as TB and include atypical bacteria Actinomyces israelii Nocardia asteroids Brucella fungi Coccidioides[]

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