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606 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Protein Increased, Decreased Number of Myelinated Fibers (Sural Nerve Biopsy)

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  • Déjerine-Sottas Disease

    A sural nerve biopsy specimen showed marked decreases in the numbers of both large and small myelinated fibers, abundant onion-bulb formation, and hypomyelination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Motor and sensory nerve conduction studies showed absent motor and sensory responses on electrical stimulation of the limb nerves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Open nerve and muscle biopsies showed significantly decreased numbers of myelinated fibers in the sural nerve and atrophy of type I and II fibers in the quadriceps muscle,[doi.org] Sensory nerve conduction velocities were absent in ulnar, sural, and plantar nerves, while peroneal motor conduction velocity was decreased (24 m/s; normal, 40 m/s), compatible[doi.org]

  • Toxoplasmosis

    A subclinical infection was characterized by changes in the protein levels and cell counts in cerebrospinal fluid and substantiated if T. gondii specific antibody levels remained[doi.org] […] the same or increased from birth through the first year of life.[doi.org]

    Missing: Decreased Number of Myelinated Fibers (Sural Nerve Biopsy)
  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    Peripheral neuropathy, often shortened to neuropathy, is a general term describing disease affecting the peripheral nerves, meaning nerves beyond the brain and spinal cord. Damage to peripheral nerves may impair sensation, movement, gland or organ function depending on which nerves are affected; in other words,[…][en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Decreased Number of Myelinated Fibers (Sural Nerve Biopsy)
  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[pmj.bmj.com] Abnormalities are found in up to 84% of cases and include raised CSF pressure, increased protein content, the presence of red blood cells and pleocytosis. 5 Nevertheless,[pmj.bmj.com]

    Missing: Decreased Number of Myelinated Fibers (Sural Nerve Biopsy)
  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Education Diagnosis and... Diagnosis and management of maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) Gaya Thanabalasingham, clinical research fellow 1 2, Katharine R Owen, consultant physician 1 2 1 Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LJ, UK 2 Oxford NIHR[…][doi.org]

    Missing: Decreased Number of Myelinated Fibers (Sural Nerve Biopsy)
  • Herpes Zoster

    Article Navigation Search for other works by this author on: Robert Colebunders Search for other works by this author on: Jonathan M. Mann Search for other works by this author on: Henry Francis Search for other works by this author on: Kapita Hila Search for other works by this author on: Lebughe Izaley[…][oadoi.org]

    Missing: Decreased Number of Myelinated Fibers (Sural Nerve Biopsy)
  • Stroke

    Also called: Brain attack, CVA Summary What is a stroke? A stroke happens when there is a loss of blood flow to part of the brain. Your brain cells cannot get the oxygen and nutrients they need from blood, and they start to die within a few minutes. This can cause lasting brain damage, long-term disability, or[…][medlineplus.gov]

    Missing: Decreased Number of Myelinated Fibers (Sural Nerve Biopsy)
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    On analysis, the cerebrospinal fluid was colorless and transparent, the pressure was more than 400 mm H2O, there was lymphocytic pleocytosis, increased protein, and decreased[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both serum and CSF anti-Borrelia titers were significantly increased, and serum Western Blot showed bands to protein 34 (ops B), 57, 59 and 62.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Decreased Number of Myelinated Fibers (Sural Nerve Biopsy)
  • Meningitis

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed pleocytosis with neutrophil predominance, increased protein and low glucose. CSF and blood cultures yielded negative results.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The inflammatory cells increased the membrane permeability and alter normal chemical contents of the cerebrospinal fluid like glucose and protein.[symptoma.com] , protein, and lactate in the cerebrospinal fluid and a decrease in the glucose concentration.[nejm.org]

    Missing: Decreased Number of Myelinated Fibers (Sural Nerve Biopsy)

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