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43 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Protein Increased, Encephalomalacia, Headache

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] RESULTS: We report on two patients who presented with headache and mild hypertension after 4-FA use.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A well-circumscribed region of cerebrospinal fluid–like low density, resulting from encephalomalacia and cystic change, is eventually seen.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    The headache preceding an intracranial aneurysm rupture is called a sentinel headache (SH), and it is characterized by a sudden, intense, and persistent headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the hyperacute phase of SAH, slight shortening of T1 occurs due to the increased protein and new cellular content within cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).[mriquestions.com] In Part 1 of this episode on Headache Pearls & Pitfalls – Migraine Headache & Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Dr. Anil Chopra and Dr.[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Grade IV: multicystic encephalomalacia (18.05%), porencephaly (21.66%), posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (58.33%).[medichub.ro] Thereafter, her mental status markedly improved and her headache resolved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On analysis, the cerebrospinal fluid was colorless and transparent, the pressure was more than 400 mm H2O, there was lymphocytic pleocytosis, increased protein, and decreased[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    […] see also Embolism, brain) 434.1 intracranial (see also Embolism, brain) 434.1 meninges (see also Embolism, brain) 434.1 vessels of brain (see also Embolism, brain) 434.1 Encephalomalacia[icd9data.com] A cerebral embolism increases the risk for an embolic stroke and causes symptoms such as sudden confusion and severe headache, according to the University of Washington Medicine[reference.com] Cerebral manifestations of fat embolism syndrome can be highly variable and non-specific: the symptoms spectrum includes headache, lethargy, irritability, delirium, stupor[radiopaedia.org]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    The question frequently arises whether the neurological symptoms are caused by cerebral hemorrhages as a result of rupture of diseased vessels, encephalomalacias from thrombosis[annals.org] Three patients are described who experienced headache from hypertension: one had acute headache from acute hypertension, one had daily, morning headaches from chronic hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 68-year-old woman presented with thunderclap headache, which led to a search for subarachnoid hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the patient’s brain showed an area of encephalomalacia in keeping with her previous surgery.[mja.com.au] A previously healthy 34-year-old Korean female presented with fever, myalgia and severe headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination revealed lymphocytic pleocytois (12 cells; 100% lymphocytes) with increased protein (98 mg/dl) and mildly reduced sugar (40 mg/dL) along[omicsonline.org]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    […] also Disease, cerebrovascular, acute) 436 thrombotic (see also Thrombosis, brain) 434.0 Clot (blood) brain (extradural or intradural) (see also Thrombosis, brain) 434.0 Encephalomalacia[icd9data.com] Most importantly, if you have a headache unlike any you've had before, or if it gets worse over a period of days, or if it's simply the worst headache you've ever had, go[relieve-migraine-headache.com] […] if normal head CT is obtained within 6 hours from headache onset ).[nuemblog.com]

  • Mollaret's Meningitis

    Case Presentation: A 57‐year‐old woman with a history of herpes encephalitis and residual right temporal lobe encephalomalacia (diagnosed 9 years prior to our encounter) presented[shmabstracts.com] The headache was progressive and bi-frontal.[dx.doi.org] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis typically shows pleocytosis (an increase of mononuclear cells known as ‘ghost cells’, or Mollaret's cells), increased protein and normal[elsevier.es]

  • Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis

    Virtually all of the neuropathologic changes observed in humans congenitally infected with LCMV, including microencephaly, encephalomalacia, chorioretinitis, porencephalic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract On April 20, 2015, a female aged 15 years sought care at her pediatrician's office after 5 days of fever, myalgia, left parietal headache, and photophobia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is usually found.[web.archive.org]

  • Intracranial Mycotic Aneurysm

    Symptoms of a ruptured brain aneurysm come on suddenly and include a severe, sudden headache that is different from other headaches an individual has experienced.[medicinenet.com] A history of recent previously inexperienced headaches was revealed retrospectively, suggestive of sentinel bleedings.[medworm.com] About 20% of patients have a history of recurrent headaches. However, headache is uncommon in younger pediatric patients.[esnr.com]

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