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2,377 Possible Causes for Cerebrospinal Fluid Protein Increased, Hemiparesis, Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    She was treated with anticoagulation therapy and her hemiparesis improved within 3 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[pmj.bmj.com] After 7 to 19 days, patients suddenly deteriorated, developing headache, fever, a decreased level of consciousness, brainstem signs, or hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Stroke

    SSEH presenting as a hemiparesis is less common and in such situations, it can be mistaken for a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the Wind chapter of Donguibogam, left hemiparesis due to stroke is called Tan, a sort of Hyeol-Byeong, and right hemiparesis due to stroke is called Tan, a sort of Gi-Byeong[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When he woke up 8 h later, right-sided hemiparesis and aphasia were observed, and cerebral CT already revealed irreversible ischemic changes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    During the course of illness, the patient had an acute cerebral hemorrhage, which manifested with hemiparesis, dysarthria, and pathologic crying.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On analysis, the cerebrospinal fluid was colorless and transparent, the pressure was more than 400 mm H2O, there was lymphocytic pleocytosis, increased protein, and decreased[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two days after the surgery, he developed left hemiparesis. CT scans showed a large cerebral hemorrhage on the right temporal lobe with midline shift by brain metastases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    A 73-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital for sudden headache and subsequent left hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the hyperacute phase of SAH, slight shortening of T1 occurs due to the increased protein and new cellular content within cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).[mriquestions.com] […] often called a “thunderclap headache”), nausea, confusion, altered consciousness, seizure, visual disturbances, cardiac arrhythmias, and focal neurological deficits such as hemiparesis[link.springer.com]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Subdural Hematoma

    An 81-year-old man, presenting with left hemiparesis, underwent craniotomy for right organized CSH after 2 burr-hole surgeries.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] present the case of a male patient diagnosed with stage IV prostate adenocarcinoma with bone metastasis, who is admitted for left hemisphere subdural hematoma with right hemiparesis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case with right hemiparesis and aphasia 1 month after a fall from a bicycle.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    Despite chemotherapy, the lesion increased in volume, which led to local pain and right hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Important paper demonstrating that advanced techniques can increase diagnostic yield over cerebrospinal fluid cytopathology alone.[futuremedicine.com] The authors describe a 52-year-old man with a history of a subtotally resected right maxillary sinus ethesioneuro-epithelioma 2 years earlier who presented with a left hemiparesis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Cerebral Embolism

    However, the patient then developed fever, dyspnea, and subsequent right hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had developed sudden complete left hemiparesis due to an embolism at the carotid bifurcation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This mitral valvular strand was the only explanation for an episode of cerebral embolism, presenting with a transient right sided hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Brain Abscess

    The patient presented with right-sided homonymous hemianopsia and right hemiparesis. Emergent surgical drainage was performed and antibiotics were administered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The cerebrospinal fluid shows some increase in pressure and may frequently show mild increase in protein content or leukocyte count.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] […] here brain abscesses caused by Nocardia beijingensis in a 59-year-old-Thai male with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection presenting with progressive right sided hemiparesis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    A severe and sudden left-sided sensorimotor hemiparesis occurred 1 year later.[doi.org] Nitric oxide synthase is present in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with active multiple sclerosis and is associated with increases in cerebrospinal fluid protein nitrotyrosine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cunningham, A 17-Year-Old Girl With Acute Onset of Hemiparesis, Pediatric Emergency Care, 32, 6, (388), (2016).[oadoi.org]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Meningitis may be localized for a time to one hemisphere or the other, cause jacksonian convulsions, hemiparesis, or even hemianopia.[atsu.edu] fluid leukocytosis, increased protein influx, and lactate accumulation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Increased neutrophil count and protein content, and decreased glucose levels in her cerebrospinal fluid initially suggested bacterial meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer

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