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432 Possible Causes for Cervical Lymphadenopathy, Lymphocytosis

  • Infectious Mononucleosis

    AIM: To depict the grey-scale and Doppler features of cervical lymphadenopathy due to infectious mononucleosis (IM) and to compare the findings with other benign conditions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An atypical lymphocytosis of at least 20 percent or atypical lymphocytosis of at least 10 percent plus lymphocytosis of at least 50 percent strongly supports the diagnosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] INTRODUCTION: Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a common viral illness that predominantly causes sore throat, fever and cervical lymphadenopathy in adolescents and young adults[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Toxoplasmosis

    Clinical signs include: Fever, Skin eruption, Malaise, Myalgia and arthralgia, Cervical lymphadenopathy, Pneumonia, Myocarditis, Meningoencephalitis, Chorioretinitis Post-mortem[lrd.spc.int] Some patients with prolonged fever and malaise have lymphocytosis, increased suppressor T-cell counts, and a decreased helper-to-suppressor T-cell ratio.[emedicine.medscape.com] Physical examination findings will reveal mainly lymphadenopathy, cervical and suboccipital.[symptoma.com]

  • Influenza

    lymphadenopathy Conjunctivitis Conjunctivitis, rhinitis, and gastrointestinal symptoms are more common in infants and young children than in adults.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] symptoms of pediatric seasonal influenza include the following: High fever Chills Myalgia Headache Fatigue Sore throat/pharyngitis Nasal congestion Rhinitis Nonproductive cough Cervical[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

    An 80-year-old man presented with painless mass of the right parotid gland of 2 years duration with recent ulceration of the overlying skin and right cervical lymphadenopathy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] in the blood and marrow only (survival 120 months) Stage I lymphocytosis and adenopathy (survival 95 months) Stage II lymphocytosis, splenomegaly and/or hepatomegaly (survival[flexikon.doccheck.com] , axillary and inguinal lymphadenopathy, spleen, liver) B: no anemia, no thrombocytopenia, 3 or more lymphoid areas enlarged C: anemia or thrombocytopenia Reference : U.S.[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Follicular Lymphoma

    Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a dural-based tumoral lesion and cervical lymphadenopathies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lymphocytosis was seen in 2 cases. Serum lactate dehydrogenase levels were within normal range in all but one case.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This patient was a 58 years old with generalized lymphadenopathy and Ann Arbor Stage III disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Sarcoidosis

    lymphadenopathy in others Muscle 50–80% Asymptomatic disease with or without enzyme elevations in most patients Sometimes insidious or acute myopathy with muscle weakness[merckmanuals.com] The cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed a moderately elevated protein content and a significant lymphocytosis 86.5%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Table 3 Investigation and treatment of Hypothalamo-pituitary sarcoid (HPS) Investigations that may help in the diagnosis of HPS Serum and CSF ACE CSF Increased protein Lymphocytosis[dx.doi.org]

  • Cytomegalovirus Mononucleosis

    Cervical lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly and lymphocytosis (greater than 5000/microliter) were more common in children and protracted fever more common in adults.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lymphocytosis in response to viral infection, such as infectious mononucleosis, rarely exceeds 20 x 10(9)/L in the adult population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Swelling of the eyelids follows cervical lymphadenopathy with a disturbance of blood flow in the facial area.[symptoma.com]

  • Hodgkin Lymphoma

    A 41-year-old man developed right cervical lymphadenopathy following renal transplantation 116 months previously for chronic renal failure of unknown origin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Infection : Certain viral and bacterial infections that transform lymphocytes increase the risk, such as the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which causes glandular fever.[medicalnewstoday.com] Head and Neck: Most patient may present with painless cervical lymphadenopathy. Chest and Heart: Mediastinal lymph nodes may present as chest pain and dyspnea.[symptoma.com]

  • Syphilis

    Inguinal lymphadenopathy arises in men with ulcers on the genitals and cervical lymphadenopathy in patients with ulcers in the mouth.[dermnetnz.org] Syphilis presenting as isolated cervical lymphadenopathy: two related cases. J Infect. 2009;58:76–8. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 57.[dx.doi.org] Syphilitic tonsillitis presenting as an ulcerated tonsillar tumor with ipsilateral lymphadenopathy. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2007;11:353–7. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 56.[dx.doi.org]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    Thus, this study suggests that virtually all cases of CLL (both with mutated and unmutated IGHV genes) are preceded by monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis.[doi.org] Schleinitz and Neil Caporaso , Diagnostic criteria for monoclonal B‐cell lymphocytosis , British Journal of Haematology , 130 , 3 , (325-332) , (2005) .[doi.org] Although recent data indicate that almost all CLL patients are preceded by a monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis precursor state, patterns of immune defects preceding CLL diagnosis[doi.org]

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